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20,018 results
  • Reducing macrophage numbers alleviates temporomandibular joint ankylosis. [Journal Article]
    Cell Tissue Res 2019Zhao L, Xiao E, … Gan Y
  • Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) ankylosis is a severe joint disease mainly caused by trauma that leads to a series of oral and maxillofacial function disorders and psychological problems. Our series of studies indicate that TMJ ankylosis development is similar to fracture healing and that severe trauma results in bony ankylosis instead of fibrous ankylosis. Macrophages are early infiltrating inflam…
  • Management of unpredictable outcomes of costochondral grafts. [Journal Article]
    Int J Surg Case Rep 2019; 62:144-149Sekhoto MG, Rikhotso RE, Rajendran S
  • CONCLUSIONS: Various treatment modalities for TMJ ankylosis have been described. These include gap arthroplasty (GAP), interpositional gap arthroplasty (IPG) and/or total joint reconstruction (with autogenous costochondral grafts or alloplastic materials), and distraction osteogenesis. Costochondral grafts (CCGs) are generally preferred for the treatment of TMJ ankylosis, especially in the growing patient. Their advantages include biocompatibility, no financial cost to the patient, low donor site morbidity, and most importantly their potential for mandibular growth. The growth of the mandible is however unpredictable.The optimal surgical management of this complex patient with combined orthognathic surgery and total alloplastic joint reconstruction is discussed.
  • Body wall defects and amniotic band syndrome in pig (Sus scrofa domesticus). [Journal Article]
    Anat Histol Embryol 2019Martín-Alguacil N, Avedillo L
  • The amniotic band syndrome is a congenital condition. It is characterized by the presence of fibrous amniotic bands that may entangle or entrap different foetal parts in utero, resulting in deformation, malformation or disruption. We report on a female piglet presenting amniotic band adherences in the right abdominal flank, several body wall defects (gastroschisis, abdominoschisis with omphalocel…
  • [Pathogenesis of spondylarthritis : Relevance for treatment]. [Review]
    Z Rheumatol 2019Sieper J, Poddubnyy D
  • Although the pathogenesis of spondylarthritis (SpA) has been the subject of intensive research in recent years, the consequences for treatment are relatively minor. Basic research studies indicated a potentially important role of the cytokines tumor necrosis factor (TNF) alpha and interleukin (IL)-17 for the pathogenesis of SpA but their outstanding role could then only be demonstrated by their i…
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