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8,407,189 results
  • The Association between Periodontal Disease and Root/Coronal Caries. [Journal Article]
    Int J Dent Hyg 2019AlQobaly L, Sabbah W
  • CONCLUSIONS: Individuals with periodontal diseases appeared to be at higher risk of coronal and root caries. While root exposure could be a plausible explanation for the relationship between periodontitis and root caries, the association with coronal caries could be attributed to the irritation of carious cavities, or common risk factors such as poor oral hygiene, or co-occurrence of different health risk behaviours related to both caries and periodontitis and socioeconomic conditions.
  • Serological Evidence of Exposure to Ebolaviruses in Domestic Pigs from Guinea. [Journal Article]
    Transbound Emerg Dis 2019Fischer K, Camara A, … Diederich S
  • The genus Ebolavirus comprises several virus species with zoonotic potential and varying pathogenicity for humans. Ebolaviruses are considered to circulate in wildlife with occasional spillover events into the human population which then often leads to severe disease outbreaks. Several studies indicate a significant role of bats as reservoir hosts in the ebolavirus ecology. However, pigs from the…
  • Continuous local anaesthetic wound infusion for postoperative pain after midline laparotomy for colorectal resection in adults. [Review]
    Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2019; 10:CD012310Liang SS, Ying AJ, … Yeh ZY
  • CONCLUSIONS: After elective midline laparotomy for colorectal resection, continuous wound infusion of a local anaesthetic compared to a normal saline placebo reduces postoperative pain at rest and the length of hospital stay, on the basis of high-certainty evidence. This means we are very confident that the effect estimates for these outcomes lie close to the true effects. There is moderate-certainty evidence to indicate that the intervention probably reduces opioid consumption via PCA and the time to first bowel movement. This means we are moderately confident that effect estimates for these outcomes are likely to be close to the true effects, but there is a possibility that they are substantially different. The intervention may reduce postoperative pain on movement, however, this conclusion is based on low-certainty evidence. This means our confidence in the effect estimate is limited. The true effect may be substantially different from the estimate of the effect. There is low-certainty evidence to indicate that the intervention may have little or no effect on the rates of any serious postoperative adverse events until hospital discharge. High-quality randomised controlled trials to evaluate the intervention with a focus on important clinical and patient-centred outcomes are needed.
  • [Detection of BRAF mutation in canine prostatic diseases]. [Journal Article]
    Tierarztl Prax Ausg K Kleintiere Heimtiere 2019; 47(5):313-320Grassinger JM, Aupperle-Lellbach H, … Klopfleisch R
  • CONCLUSIONS: BRAF mutation analysis is a highly specific method and may aid in confirming the diagnosis of PCa in histologically and cytologically questionable cases. PCa positive for BRAF mutation exhibited more criteria of malignancy than PCa without this mutation. The clinical, therapeutic, and prognostic relevance of these findings needs to be evaluated by further studies.
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