- From waste hot-pot oil as carbon precursor to development of recyclable attapulgite/carbon composites for wastewater treatment. [Journal Article]
- JEJ Environ Sci (China) 2019; 75:346-358
- The utilization of waste products as valuable materials was a technical imperative for waste management. In this study, the cost-effective attapulgite/carbon (APT/C) composite was developed for waste...
The utilization of waste products as valuable materials was a technical imperative for waste management. In this study, the cost-effective attapulgite/carbon (APT/C) composite was developed for wastewater treatment using waste hot-pot oil as a carbon precursor through a facile one-step calcination process. The APT/C composite prepared at 300°C exhibited the excellent adsorption capacity and rapid equilibrium rate over a broad pH range for the removal of various pollutants. More importantly, the removal ratios of the composites toward Methyl Violet and tetracycline still remained 77.6% and 60.2% of the initial adsorption capacity after ten adsorption-regeneration cycles via a facile thermal regeneration strategy, respectively. Beyond all doubt, this research provided a feasible and economical way for the sustainable utilization of waste hot-pot oil in wastewater treatment, achieving the concept of disposal waste with waste and recycling.
- Effect of nanocomposite-based packaging on microstructure and energy metabolism of Agaricus bisporus. [Journal Article]
- FCFood Chem 2019 Mar 15; 276:790-796
- Rapid deterioration of postharvest Agaricus bisporus is a serious problem. Measures to improve the shelf-life are of great importance. Therefore, we used a nanocomposite-based packaging material (Nan...
Rapid deterioration of postharvest Agaricus bisporus is a serious problem. Measures to improve the shelf-life are of great importance. Therefore, we used a nanocomposite-based packaging material (Nano-PM) containing nano-TiO2, nano-SiO2, nano-Ag and attapulgite to study its effect on microstructure and energy metabolism of A. bisporus. Nano-PM reduced the oxidation of lipids and proteins by activating antioxidant enzyme activities and inhibiting the accumulation of ROS, thereby maintained high level of energy status. Meanwhile, ATP content and energy charge of A. bisporus in Nano-PM increased through the energy metabolism system. This was attributed to the lower respiration rate and higher mitochondrial respiratory enzyme activities. These results indicated that Nano-PM could maintain the dense and intact microstructure of A. bisporus thus improve its shelf-life.
- Stabilization and Mineralization Mechanism of Cd with Cu-Loaded Attapulgite Stabilizer Assisted with Microwave Irradiation. [Journal Article]
- ESEnviron Sci Technol 2018 Oct 24
- Cadmium (Cd) in soil was stabilized using copper loaded attapulgite (Cu/ATP) in a microwave (MW) system. Excellent Cd stability in soil was achieved with Cu/ATP addition due to higher adsorption ener...
Cadmium (Cd) in soil was stabilized using copper loaded attapulgite (Cu/ATP) in a microwave (MW) system. Excellent Cd stability in soil was achieved with Cu/ATP addition due to higher adsorption energy (1.38 eV) of Cu/ATP for Cd than that of ATP (∼1 eV), confirmed by density functional theory calculations. The strong hybridization of the s, p-orbitals of Cd with the s, p, d-orbitals of Cu on ATP contributed to the strong interactions between Cd and Cu/ATP. The stability performance of Cd in Cu/ATP-treated soil was further enhanced after MW irradiation through a series of phase transformation to more stable Cd-bearing crystalline minerals. The transformation was initiated by MW-induced "hot spots", which created cationic vacancy on Cu/ATP surface and enhanced the solid-state reactions between Cd and Cu/ATP framework. The total bond orders of Cd in the formed CdAl4O7 crystalline mineral elevated to 3.38, which was 5-fold higher than that for Cd on Cu/ATP, ensuring the long-term stability of Cd even after 360 curing days. Cd contaminated soil from a former industrial electroplating site was successfully stabilized with the proposed strategy. The research provides an effective stabilization strategy as well as a comprehensive understanding of the mechanism of long-term Cd stabilization.
- Effect of Polyacrylamide/Attapulgite Composite on Foraging Behaviors of Formosan Subterranean Termites (Blattodea: Rhinotermitidae). [Journal Article]
- JEJ Econ Entomol 2018 Oct 22
- Moisture conditions of food and soil are essential for the survival and foraging activities of subterranean termites. Polyacrylamide/attapulgite composite is a water-retaining agent that has been app...
Moisture conditions of food and soil are essential for the survival and foraging activities of subterranean termites. Polyacrylamide/attapulgite composite is a water-retaining agent that has been applied to increase moisture of agricultural soils. We hypothesize that polyacrylamide/attapulgite composite may increase the moisture of bait matrixes and soil surrounding baiting containers and therefore attract termites and increase their foraging activities. In the present study, aggregation and feeding preferences, survivorship, body water percentage, and wood consumption of Formosan subterranean termites, Coptotermes formosanus Shiraki (Blattodea: Rhinotermitidae), were investigated when responding to polyacrylamide/attapulgite composite that was buried within soil (substrate) or filled in the void volume of baiting containers. Two-choice tests showed that termites consumed significantly more wood when polyacrylamide/attapulgite composite was buried within dry soil (27%-moisture) than the controls (no polyacrylamide/attapulgite composite was provided). However, polyacrylamide/attapulgite composite buried within wet soil (54%-moisture) did not significantly affect foraging behaviors of termites. Multiple-choice tests showed no aggregation or feeding preference of termites in the baiting containers filled with polyacrylamide/attapulgite composite compared with the soil-filled or unfilled ones, whenever the substrate was dry or wet. No-choice tests showed that the presence of polyacrylamide/attapulgite composite (buried within soil or filled in baiting containers) significantly increased wood consumption and body water percentage of termites as well as wood moisture under dry-substrate conditions. Our studies suggest that burying polyacrylamide/attapulgite composite within dry soil may enhance foraging activities of termites, but filling the bait stations with polyacrylamide/attapulgite composite may not effectively attract termites.
- Z-Scheme Photocatalyst Constructed by Natural Attapulgite and Upconversion Rare Earth Materials for Desulfurization. [Journal Article]
- FCFront Chem 2018; 6:477
- The Er3+:CeO2/ATP (attapulgite) nanocomposites were prepared by a facile precipitation method. The samples were characterized by various measurements. XRD and TEM showed that Er3+:CeO2 nanoparticles ...
The Er3+:CeO2/ATP (attapulgite) nanocomposites were prepared by a facile precipitation method. The samples were characterized by various measurements. XRD and TEM showed that Er3+:CeO2 nanoparticles were well-crystallized and loaded on the surface of ATP. The visible light was converted into ultraviolet light by Er3+:CeO2 as evidenced by upconversion photoluminance (PL) analysis. The mass ratio of Er3+:CeO2 to ATP on the desulfurization efficiency was investigated. Results showed that the desulfurization rate reached 87% under 4 h visible light irradiation when the mass ratio was 4:10. The mechanism was put forward as follows. Er3+:CeO2 and ATP formed Z-scheme heterostructure intermediated by oxygen vacancy, leading to the enhanced separation of photogenerated charges and preservation of high oxidation-reduction potential, both of which favored for the generation of radicals to oxidize sulfur species.
- Enhanced Electrochemical Properties of Gel Polymer Electrolyte with Hybrid Copolymer of Organic Palygorskite and Methyl Methacrylate. [Journal Article]
- MMaterials (Basel) 2018 Sep 24; 11(10)
- Gel polymer electrolyte (GPE) is widely considered as a promising safe lithium-ion battery material compared to conventional organic liquid electrolyte, which is linked to a greater risk of corrosive...
Gel polymer electrolyte (GPE) is widely considered as a promising safe lithium-ion battery material compared to conventional organic liquid electrolyte, which is linked to a greater risk of corrosive liquid leakage, spontaneous combustion, and explosion. GPE contains polymers, lithium salts, and liquid electrolyte, and inorganic nanoparticles are often used as fillers to improve electrochemical performance. However, such composite polymer electrolytes are usually prepared by means of blending, which can impact on the compatibility between the polymer and filler. In this study, the hybrid copolymer poly (organic palygorskite-co-methyl methacrylate) (poly(OPal-MMA)) is synthesized using organic palygorskite (OPal) and MMA as raw materials. The poly(OPal-MMA) gel electrolyte exhibits an ionic conductivity of 2.94 × 10-3 S/cm at 30 °C. The Li/poly(OPal-MMA) electrolyte/LiFePO₄ cell shows a wide electrochemical window (approximately 4.7 V), high discharge capacity (146.36 mAh/g), and a low capacity-decay rate (0.02%/cycle).
- [Effect and Mechanism of Attapulgite and Its Modified Materials on Bioavailability of Cadmium in Soil]. [Journal Article]
- HJHuan Jing Ke Xue 2018 Oct 08; 39(10):4744-4751
- The effect of attapulgite (magnesium aluminium phyllosilicate) and its modified materials on the extractability of soil Cd and the accumulation of Cd in lettuce (Lactuca sativa) were investigated usi...
The effect of attapulgite (magnesium aluminium phyllosilicate) and its modified materials on the extractability of soil Cd and the accumulation of Cd in lettuce (Lactuca sativa) were investigated using a pot-culture experiment, and the immobilization mechanism of attapulgite and its modified materials was explored through X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The results showed that attapulgite and its modified materials could significantly reduce the Cd concentration in Lactuca sativa, with maximum reductions of 41.0% and 56.5%, respectively, and attapulgite modified materials treatments appeared more efficient than attapulgite treatments in reducing Cd uptake of Lactuca sativa. The saturated adsorption capacity for the adsorption of Cd2+ on attapulgite rose distinctly after being modified. Attapulgite and its modified materials could significantly reduce Cd content in soil CaCl2 extract at the dosage of 1%, with the maximum reduction rates of 34.2% and 34.3%, respectively. The attapulgite formed a complex to immobilize Cd mainly through the surface silanol and Cd2+ complexation reaction, while the modified attapulgite formed a complex mainly through the complexation of Cd2+ with carboxyl groups which existed in addition to the complexation with surface hydroxyl, thus reducing the mobility of Cd2+ and achieving remediation of Cd-contaminated soil. In summary, attapulgite and its modified materials can both be used for remediation of Cd-contaminated soil, and the mechanisms for this function were found to be different.
- [Physiological effects of cadmium stress on Astragalus membranaceus seedlings and alleviative effects of attapulgite clay on cadmium stress]. [Journal Article]
- ZZZhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi 2018; 43(15):3115-3126
- In this study we investigate the effects of cadmium stress on Astragalus membranaceus seedlings and the alleviative effects of attapulgite clay in growth substrate on cadmium stress to A. membranaceu...
In this study we investigate the effects of cadmium stress on Astragalus membranaceus seedlings and the alleviative effects of attapulgite clay in growth substrate on cadmium stress to A. membranaceus seedlings. The results showed that the Y (Ⅱ) (effective photochemical quantum yield of PSⅡ photosynthetic), qP(photochemical quenching coefficient), ETR(the rate of non-cyclic electrontransport through PSⅡ), and chlorophyll content of the leaves were significantly decreased with the increase of cadmium concentrations, while the cadmium content, non-photochemical quenching(NPQ, qN) of the leaves and cadmium content, MDA content, plasma membrane permeability, and the damage degree of root apical membrane of the roots were significantly increased. Simultaneously, the activities of APX(ascorbate peroxidase), SOD(superoxide dismutase), POD(peroxidase), CAT(catalase), soluble protein content, and soluble sugar content of roots were increased first but then decreased with the increasing cadmium concentration. Under the condition of without Cd stress, the attapulgite clay into the growth substrate did not significantly affect above physiological indexes of leaves, but significantly increased SOD activity and soluble sugar content of roots and decreased the MDA content, damage degree of root apical membrane of roots, while other physiological indexes did not significantly change. Under cadmium stress, the presence of attapulgite clay in the growth substrate significantly alleviated the cadmium-induced decreases Y (Ⅱ), qP, ETR and chlorophyll content of leaves, and the CAT activity, soluble protein content, and soluble sugar content of roots. Under condition with cadmium stress, the presence of attapulgite clay significantly alleviated the cadmium-induced increases of leaves cadmium content, qN and NPQ, and the cadmium content, MDA content, plasma membrane permeability, damage degree of root apical membrane, SOD, POD, and APX activity of the roots. And, the alleviative effects of attapulgite clay on cadmium stress to A. membranaceus roots were more obvious with the increase of cadmium stress time. The above results showed that the addition of attapulgite clay into the growth substrate has certain alleviative effect on the cadmium stress to A. membranaceus seedlings.
- Fabrication of magnetic carboxyl-functionalized attapulgite/calcium alginate beads for lead ion removal from aqueous solutions. [Journal Article]
- IJInt J Biol Macromol 2018; 120(Pt A):789-800
- In the present study, we synthesized an effective Pb(II) adsorbent from magnetic carboxyl-functionalized attapulgite (McAPT) and sodium alginate (Alg) by simple mechanical agitation at room temperatu...
In the present study, we synthesized an effective Pb(II) adsorbent from magnetic carboxyl-functionalized attapulgite (McAPT) and sodium alginate (Alg) by simple mechanical agitation at room temperature. The novel McAPT@Alg composite was systematically characterized using a number of instrumental techniques, and the effects of adsorbent dosage, initial concentration of Pb(II), adsorption time, pH, and temperature on the adsorption capacity were investigated by performing batch experiments. The obtained results demonstrated that adsorption equilibrium could be reached within 1.5 h, with the maximum adsorption capacity being 471.20 mg g-1 while the temperature was 297.2 K. The experimental data were suitable for application to the Langmuir isotherm model, and the adsorption kinetics agreed with the pseudo-second-order model. More importantly, a Pb(II) removal efficiency of >70% could be achieved after 6× adsorbent recycling, which demonstrated the excellent potential of McAPT@Alg for removing Pb(II) from contaminated water.
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- Promoting Potato Seed Sprouting Using an Amphiphilic Nanocomposite. [Journal Article]
- JAJ Agric Food Chem 2018 Sep 19; 66(37):9657-9666
- Most potato tubers were used as seeds and sprouted relatively slowly in soil, greatly influencing potato production. To solve this problem, an amphiphilic nanocomposite was fabricated by loading hydr...
Most potato tubers were used as seeds and sprouted relatively slowly in soil, greatly influencing potato production. To solve this problem, an amphiphilic nanocomposite was fabricated by loading hydrophobic silica (H-SiO2) in hydrophilic attapulgite nest-like and used as a nano presprouting agent (NPA). This technology could conveniently adjust the occupation area ratio of water and air (OARWA) on the potato surface. NPA could endow potatoes with an appropriate OARWA and, thus, effectively accelerate sprouting. Additionally, NPA greatly decreased soil bulk density, facilitated earthworm growth, promoted potato growth, and increased the yield by 14.1%. Besides, NPA did not pass through the potato skin and mainly existed on the surface of potatoes. Importantly, NPA showed tiny influence on the viability of fish and nematodes, demonstrating good biosafety. Therefore, this work provides a promising presprouting approach for potatoes, which may have a potential application prospect in ensuring food supply.