- Amazing pleiotropic effects of azithromycin. [Journal Article]
- BBreathe (Sheff) 2018; 14(4):336-337
- The large randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled AMAZES trial observed that azithromycin 500 mg given 3-times a week for 48 weeks in adults with persistent uncontrolled asthma decreased asthma ...
The large randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled AMAZES trial observed that azithromycin 500 mg given 3-times a week for 48 weeks in adults with persistent uncontrolled asthma decreased asthma exacerbations and improved asthma-related quality of life http://ow.ly/WGlz30lLL7z.
- Non-standard treatment for uncomplicated Chlamydia trachomatis urogenital infections: a systematic review. [Journal Article]
- BOBMJ Open 2018 Dec 04; 8(12):e023808
- CONCLUSIONS: The paucity of existing data highlights the need for further adequately powered studies to evaluate rifalazil, delayed release doxycycline, levofloxacin and other agents for the treatment of uncomplicated CT infections.
- Risk for cardiovascular disease in patients with nontuberculous mycobacteria treated with macrolide. [Journal Article]
- JTJ Thorac Dis 2018; 10(10):5784-5795
- CONCLUSIONS: The incidence of cardiovascular disease was significantly higher in patients treated with macrolide for nontuberculous mycobacterial disease than in the general population. This risk was not different between patients treated with clarithromycin and azithromycin.
- Emergence of Multi-Resistant Enteric Infection In A Paediatric Unit Of Karachi, Pakistan. [Journal Article]
- JPJ Pak Med Assoc 2018; 68(12):1848-1850
- From June 2018, onwards, there has been an upsurge of multi-resistant enteric infections in children admitted from various catchment areas of Abbasi Shaheed Hospital (ASH). This is a serious concern ...
From June 2018, onwards, there has been an upsurge of multi-resistant enteric infections in children admitted from various catchment areas of Abbasi Shaheed Hospital (ASH). This is a serious concern as very few antibiotics are available to treat the children. Children from June 2018 to September 2018 of age groups 5.7 ± 2.84 (range 1.6 to 11 years), referred to ASH, for admission, with clinical suspicion of enteric fever and having received a third generation injectable cephalosporin by a general practitioner, for 5 days or more, with no response, and continuation of fever, were included. A total number of 137 patients had culture proven salmonella typhi, of whom 61(44.52%) showed sensitivity only to meropenem, 45 (32.8%) to azithromycin,13(9.4%)to fosfomycin, 11(8.02%) to Amoxicillin/clavulanic acid, 5 patients showed sensitivity to ceftriaxone(3.64%) and one had sensitivity to amikacin. All patients were treated successfully for 10 days and discharged home. There were no reported complications at follow-up. Multi-Drug Resistance (MDR) enteric fever appears to be a major health concern in Karachi. Mass immunization with oral live attenuated Typhi 21a or injectable unconjugated Vi typhoid vaccine, rational use of antibiotics, improvement in public sanitation facilities, availability of clean drinking water, promotion of safe food handling practices and public health education are vital in the prevention of MDR enteric fever.
- Clinical and biological factors associated with recurrences of severe toxoplasmic retinochoroiditis confirmed by aqueous humor analysis. [Journal Article]
- AJAm J Ophthalmol 2018 Nov 28
- CONCLUSIONS: Recurrences of severe TRC are not random and may be influenced by clinical and biological factors possibly related to blood-retinal-barrier alterations. These results may contribute to identify biomarkers for TRC reactivation.
- Newborn colonization and antibiotic susceptibility patterns of Streptococcus agalactiae at the University of Gondar Referral Hospital, Northwest Ethiopia. [Journal Article]
- BPedBMC Pediatr 2018 Nov 30; 18(1):378
- CONCLUSIONS: Prevalence of neonatal colonization with GBS was higher than it was reported in three decades ago in Ethiopia. Ciprofloxacin, chloramphenicol, vancomycin and azithromycin were identified as the drug of choice next to ampicillin and penicillin.
- [Investigation on the rational use of antibacterial agents by Chinese pediatricians in 2016]. [Journal Article]
- ZEZhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi 2018 Dec 02; 56(12):897-906
- Objective: To obtain baseline data of pediatricians' clinical use of antibacterial agents in children in China, and provide evidence for the follow-up of guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment o...
Objective: To obtain baseline data of pediatricians' clinical use of antibacterial agents in children in China, and provide evidence for the follow-up of guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of children's clinical medications and the development of rational drug management measures and norms. Methods: A multi-center cross-sectional study was designed to conduct a network electronic questionnaire survey of doctors with child prescription rights in hospitals of all provinces, municipalities and autonomous regions across the country through cluster sampling to understand the current status of antibacterial drugs use in 2016. Results: The survey information of 3 494 pediatricians in tertiary hospitals was finally included. (1) Ranking of the importance of children's medication focus: 54.5% of doctors ranked first the "safety" and 43.5% ranked second the "efficacy" . (2) The most urgent antibacterial agents for children are reported as macrolides (11.9%), third-generation cephalosporins (4.8%), penicillins (4.2%), sulfonamides (2.5%), and carbapenems (2.4%). (3) The top five drugs that are urgently needed to obtain children's indications are: macrolides (26.4%), quinolones (19.9%), aminoglycosides (10.4%), and other antibacterials (9.0%) and the 3rd generation cephalosporins (5.1%). (4) For children with bacterial upper respiratory tract infections, antibacterial drugs should be used in the order of penicillins, second-generation cephalosporins, third-generation cephalosporins, azithromycin or erythromycin, medicamycin or unscented erythromycin or ester erythromycin. (5) The most important basis for empirical use of antibacterials, 42.0% of doctors chose "clinical signs and symptoms", followed by "imaging results" (41.0%). (6) 87.0% of the doctors chose" to read the drug instructions manual before using the drug" as the main way to understand the drug; for the adverse reactions of the antibacterial drugs, the top three rankings of the surveyed doctors were "allergic reactions" (93.3%). "hepatic/kidney functional side effects" (91.1%) and "myelosuppression" (48.2%). (7) The three main problems of children's drug risk selected by the surveyed doctors are "lack of indications for children's medication" (85.5%), "abuse of antimicrobials" (71.2%) and"formulations and specifications for lack of children's drugs". (69.2%). (8) The key link for children's rational drug use, the choice of the doctors to investigate is "clarifying and improving the indications for children's medication" (89.0%), "strengthening the rational use of drugs and clinical guidelines for children" (66.2%) and "developing and producing pharmaceutical dosage form for children and its specifications" (62.6%). Conclusions: Pediatricians are generally reasonable in the basic concepts and knowledge, attitudes and practices of rational use of antibiotics: they can put the safety of medications first, pay attention to reading the instructions before using drugs, and pay attention to the adverse reactions of children. For the drugs that result in adverse reactions in children, it is urgent to understand their indications. Pediatricians use clinical symptoms, signs and imaging findings as an empirical basis for the selection of drugs for bacterial upper respiratory tract infections and antimicrobial agents. The investigation found that macrolides, third-generation cephalosporins, penicillins and other drugs are the most urgent antibacterial drugs in pediatrics, and found that a considerable number of antibacterials lack the indications for children, lack of dosage forms and specifications for children, presence of abuse, etc. The problem is that there are hidden dangers in the use of antibiotics in children. The survey concluded that for pediatricians, the basic concepts and knowledge, attitudes and practices of the rational use of antimicrobials continue to be strengthened. It is necessary to clarify and improve the indications for children's medications, strengthen the training of rational medications and clinical guidelines, and vigorously develop and produce children's medicine dosage forms and their specifications for existing antibacterial drugs. All these are the key links for children's rational use of antibacterials.
- Effect of Commonly Used Pediatric Antibiotics on Gut Microbial Diversity in Preschool Children in Burkina Faso: A Randomized Clinical Trial. [Journal Article]
- OFOpen Forum Infect Dis 2018; 5(11):ofy289
- CONCLUSIONS: Azithromycin affects the composition of the pediatric intestinal microbiome. The effect of amoxicillin and cotrimoxazole on microbiome composition was less clear.
- Azithromycin Promotes the Osteogenic Differentiation of Human Periodontal Ligament Stem Cells after Stimulation with TNF-α. [Journal Article]
- SCStem Cells Int 2018; 2018:7961962
- CONCLUSIONS: Our results showed that AZM promotes PDLSCs osteogenic differentiation in an inflammatory microenvironment by inhibiting the WNT and NF-κB signaling pathways and by suppressing TNF-α-induced apoptosis. This suggests that AZM has potential as a clinical therapeutic for periodontitis.
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- A multicenter, randomized controlled comparison of three renutrition strategies for the management of moderate acute malnutrition among children aged from 6 to 24 months (the MALINEA project). [Journal Article]
- TTrials 2018 Dec 04; 19(1):666
- CONCLUSIONS: This study will provide new insights for the treatment of MAM, as well as original data on the modulation of gut microbiota during the renutrition process to support (or not) the microbiota hypothesis of malnutrition.