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(bergamot phototoxicity)
21 results
  • Adverse Phototoxic Effect of Essential Plant Oils on NIH 3T3 Cell Line after UV Light Exposure. [Journal Article]
    Cent Eur J Public Health 2016; 24(3):234-240Binder S, Hanáková A, … Kolářová H
  • CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that even low concentrations (lower than 0.0464% v/v) of orange oil can be considered as phototoxic (PIF value 8.2) and probably phototoxic for bergamot oil (PIF value 4.6). We also found significant changes in the cell viability, the ROS production and the DNA after the cells were exposed to the tested chemicals. Even though these substances are widely used as antioxidants it should be noted that they present a risk factor and their use in cosmetic and food products should be minimized.
  • Characterization of radicals arising from oxidation of commercially-important essential oils. [Journal Article]
    Free Radic Res 2016; 50(6):638-44Mori HM, Iwahashi H
  • Inappropriate use of essential oils may entail risks to human health due to mutational events, carcinogenic effects, genetic damages and sensitizing effect caused by generation of reactive oxygen species. In order to detect radicals that are expected to form during their oxidation, we measured the electron spin resonance (ESR) spectra of a standard reaction mixture (I) containing 25 μM flavin mon…
  • Phototoxicity of essential oils intended for cosmetic use. [Journal Article]
    Toxicol In Vitro 2010; 24(8):2084-9Kejlová K, Jírová D, … Kolářová H
  • The aim of this study, linked-up with a previous study on bergamot oils, was the evaluation of phototoxic potential of essential oils (orange, lemon and Litsea cubeba), used as cosmetic ingredients. The applied tiered testing strategy included chemical analysis of the substances (by means of capillary gas chromatography/mass spectrometry), in vitro 3T3 NRU phototoxicity test and EpiDerm™ skin pho…
  • [Purely natural: phototoxic dermatitis]. [Case Reports]
    MMW Fortschr Med 2007; 149(6):36Knott E, Hofmann H
  • The local application of undiluted bergamot oil in association with simultaneous exposure to sunlight brought about a phototoxic reaction of the skin. Despite successful treatment of the vesicles, Hyperpigmentation and stress-related erythema persisted.
  • Evaluation of phototoxic properties of fragrances. [Journal Article]
    Acta Derm Venereol 2007; 87(4):312-6Placzek M, Frömel W, … Przybilla B
  • Fragrances are widely used in topical formulations and can cause photoallergic or phototoxic reactions. To identify phototoxic effects, 43 fragrances were evaluated in vitro with a photohaemolysis test using suspensions of human erythrocytes exposed to radiation sources rich in ultraviolet (UV) A or B in the presence of the test compounds. Haemolysis was measured by reading the absorbance values,…
  • Berloque dermatitis induced by "Florida water". [Case Reports]
    Cutis 2002; 70(1):29-30Wang L, Sterling B, Don P
  • Phytophotodermatitis is a phototoxic dermatitis resulting from contact with psoralen-containing plants such as celery, limes, parsley, figs, and carrots. Berloque dermatitis is a variant of phytophotodermatitis and is caused by high concentrations of psoralen-containing fragrances, most commonly oil of bergamot. Berloque dermatitis is rarely seen today because of the removal of these fragrances f…
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