- Formula versus donor breast milk for feeding preterm or low birth weight infants. [Review]
- CDCochrane Database Syst Rev 2019 Jul 19; 7:CD002971
- CONCLUSIONS: In preterm and LBW infants, moderate-certainty evidence indicates that feeding with formula compared with donor breast milk, either as a supplement to maternal expressed breast milk or as a sole diet, results in higher rates of weight gain, linear growth, and head growth and a higher risk of developing necrotising enterocolitis. The trial data do not show an effect on all-cause mortality, or on long-term growth or neurodevelopment.
- Genetic and Environmental Contributors for Celiac Disease. [Review]
- CACurr Allergy Asthma Rep 2019 Jul 18; 19(9):40
- Celiac disease (CD) is an autoimmune enteropathy triggered by gluten. The purpose of this review is to examine the major genetic and environmental factors that contribute to CD pathogenesis.
Celiac disease (CD) is an autoimmune enteropathy triggered by gluten. The purpose of this review is to examine the major genetic and environmental factors that contribute to CD pathogenesis.
- Influence of infant feeding practices on the occurrence of malnutrition, malaria and anaemia in children ≤5 years in the Mount Cameroon area: A cross sectional study. [Journal Article]
- PlosPLoS One 2019; 14(7):e0219386
- CONCLUSIONS: The infant feeding habit significantly influenced the occurrence of malaria parasite infection and not malnutrition and anaemia, hence EBF should be encouraged in malaria endemic zones.
- Antioxidative effects of supplementing linseed oil-enriched diets with α-tocopherol, ascorbic acid, selenium, or their combination on carcass and meat quality in broilers. [Journal Article]
- PSPoult Sci 2019 Jul 15
- In a previous study, we examined the synergistic effects of the dietary supranutritional supplementation with vitamin E, vitamin C, and Se on the in vivo antioxidative status of broilers under condit…
In a previous study, we examined the synergistic effects of the dietary supranutritional supplementation with vitamin E, vitamin C, and Se on the in vivo antioxidative status of broilers under conditions of dietary oxidative stress induced by feeding a diet high in n-3 PUFA. In this study, we examined the effect of their inclusion on the quality characteristics and oxidative stability of raw or cooked meat, both fresh or after a long-term frozen storage. Four hundred 21-day-old Ross 308 male broilers were allocated to 5 experimental groups fed 5% linseed oil-enriched finisher diets (days 21 to 40): Cont (recommended levels of vitamin E, C, and selenium), +E (200 IU vitamin E/kg feed), +C (250 mg vitamin C/kg feed), +Se (0.2 mg selenium/kg feed), or +ECSe (concentrations as in the sole supplementation, combined). Animal performance and carcass characteristics were monitored at the age of 40 D. Breast meat samples of 12 chickens per group were analysed fresh, fresh after frozen storage, cooked fresh, and cooked after frozen storage (2 × 2 factorial design) for parameters of meat quality (water-holding capacity-WHC, pH, and color) and oxidative stability (concentrations of vitamin E, malondialdehyde-MDA, antioxidant capacity of the water-soluble compounds-ACW, and fatty acid composition). Vitamin E alone (+E) and combined with Se and vitamin C (+ECSe) increased the α-tocopherol concentration in breast muscle, and showed similar protective effects against lipid peroxidation measured as MDA regardless of the frozen storage or cooking. The sole supplementation of vitamin C or selenium showed no effects on the meat quality parameters. In conclusion, the dietary supranutritional inclusion of vitamin E inhibited the lipid peroxidation in fresh, frozen stored, cooked fresh, and frozen stored meat in broilers fed with diets rich in n-3 PUFAs. Even though no clear synergistic effects of the supranutritional supplementation of vitamin C and Se with vitamin E were detected, their dietary inclusion did not negatively affect broilers carcass and meat quality parameters.
- Changes in the prevalence of overweight, obesity, and severe obesity between 2010 and 2017 in preschoolers: A population-based study. [Journal Article]
- POPediatr Obes 2019 Jul 18
- We evaluated changes in overweight, obesity, and severe obesity in a population of 4- to 6-year-olds from 2010 to 2017. Anthropometric data were collected during children's preschool immunization vis…
We evaluated changes in overweight, obesity, and severe obesity in a population of 4- to 6-year-olds from 2010 to 2017. Anthropometric data were collected during children's preschool immunization visits in Edmonton and Calgary, Alberta, Canada. Body mass index (BMI), BMI z scores, and weight status categories were based on the World Health Organization criteria. Across 8 years, we examined population-level data from 161 114 children in which the prevalence of overweight (17.8%-15.7%; P < .001) and obesity (4.7%-4.2%; .004) decreased, while severe obesity (2.4%-2.2%; .3) remained unchanged. Overweight decreased in both boys (19.2%-16.8%; P < .0001) and girls (16.4%-14.6%; .003); obesity decreased in boys (5.3%-4.4%; .005), but not girls (4.1%-3.9%; .2). Severe obesity was stable in both sexes. Annual household income and breast feeding had positive, but variable moderating effects on overweight and obesity exclusively. Overall, reductions in overweight and obesity were positive findings, but targeted strategies are needed to reduce severe obesity in preschoolers.
- Formula Feeding and Associated Factors among a Group of Egyptian Mothers. [Journal Article]
- OAOpen Access Maced J Med Sci 2019 Jun 15; 7(11):1854-1859
- CONCLUSIONS: Antenatal care education is essential to improve mothers' knowledge and practice of breastfeeding. Baby-friendly hospital initiative implementation is essential to ensure early initiation and continuation of breastfeeding.
- Which Hand Position in Breastfeeding Is Better for Milk Intake: Palmar Grasp or Scissor Grasp? A Pilot Study. [Journal Article]
- BMBreastfeed Med 2019 Jul 16
- CONCLUSIONS: Our study showed that there was no difference in milk intake between palmar grasp position and scissor grasp position. The mothers should be encouraged to use the hand position that is most natural and comfortable.
- THE IMPACT OF NEONATAL UNIT POLICIES ON BREAST MILK FEEDING AT DISCHARGE OF MODERATE PRETERM INFANTS: THE EPIPAGE-2 COHORT STUDY. [Journal Article]
- MCMatern Child Nutr 2019 Jul 16; :e12875
- Facilitating factors and barriers to breast milk feeding (BMF) for preterm infants have been mainly studied in very preterm populations, but little is known about moderate preterm infants. We aimed t…
Facilitating factors and barriers to breast milk feeding (BMF) for preterm infants have been mainly studied in very preterm populations, but little is known about moderate preterm infants. We aimed to analyze hospital unit characteristics and BMF policies associated with BMF at discharge for infants born at 32 to 34 weeks' gestation (WG). EPIPAGE-2, a French national cohort of preterm births, included 883 infants born at 32 to 34 WG. We investigated kangaroo care (KC) in the first 24 hr, early involvement of parents in feeding support, volume of the unit, BMF information given to mothers hospitalized for threatened preterm delivery, protocols for BMF, presence of a professional trained in human lactation, unit training in neurodevelopmental care, and regional BMF initiation rates in the general population. Multilevel logistic regression analysis was used to investigate associations between unit policies and BMF at discharge, adjusted for individual characteristics and estimating odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs). Overall, 59% (490/828) of infants received BMF at discharge (27% to 87% between units). Rates of BMF at discharge were higher with KC (adjusted OR [aOR] 2.03 [95% CI 1.01, 4.10], early involvement of parents in feeding support (1.94 [1.23, 3.04]), unit training in a neurodevelopmental care program (2.57 [1.18, 5.60]), and in regions with a high level of BMF initiation in the general population (1.85 [1.05, 3.28]). Creating synergies by interventions at the unit and population level may reduce the variability in BMF rates at discharge for moderate preterm infants.
- Peripartum HIV infection in very low birth weight infants fed 'raw' mother's own milk. [Journal Article]
- SASouth Afr J HIV Med 2019; 20(1):912
- CONCLUSIONS: rMOM, in the presence of infant prophylaxis, was a safe feeding option for HIV-exposed VLBW infants. It should be strongly considered for these infants, as rMOM likely provides additional maternal and child benefits.
New Search Next
- International compliance with WHO infant feeding guidelines - is the confusion cause for concern? [Letter]
- AAllergy 2019 Jul 13