- Postpartum stress and infant outcome: A review of current literature. [Review]Psychiatry Res 2020; 284:112769PR
- Postpartum stress has been shown to have an association with infant growth, nutrition, bonding, temperament and ultimately childhood mental wellbeing. When persistent, recurring or chronic, it can negatively impact infant outcome, including the subscales of mental wellbeing such as growth, development, feeding, attachment and sleep. This study aims to define the physical and functional effect of …
Postpartum stress has been shown to have an association with infant growth, nutrition, bonding, temperament and ultimately childhood mental wellbeing. When persistent, recurring or chronic, it can negatively impact infant outcome, including the subscales of mental wellbeing such as growth, development, feeding, attachment and sleep. This study aims to define the physical and functional effect of postpartum stress on measures of infant mental wellbeing. A systematic review of English language articles published between 1995 and 2019 on PubMed, Medline and Psych base databases was carried out. Search terms used included postpartum, stress, infant, growth, development, nutrition, attachment and sleep. Both qualitative and quantitative studies were reviewed with eligibility criteria. Inclusion criteria of human studies, mothers diagnosed with depressive and anxiety symptoms postpartum with infant correlates were used. All animal studies and studies with women already on medication were excluded. A total of 74 articles were reviewed and summarized into postpartum stress associations with infant growth, development, nutrition, sleep and maternal fetal attachment. Postpartum stress is negatively associated with poor developmental trajectories and linear growth deficits, causing stunting in growth; poor language and cognitive development; poor gross and fine motor movement, and infant sleep. An inverse relationship exists with breast feeding and postpartum depression. More importantly, breastfeeding efficacy is important for sustaining positive infant feeding outcome. Increased maternal age during postpartum depression has been linked, as a contributing factor, to decreased maternal fetal attachment/bonding. A ripple effect exists from the association between postpartum stress and poor infant sleep. There is strong evidence that correlates PPS to infant outcome, mediated through many external factors. More research needs to be conducted to delineate and potentially mitigate the impact of modifiable factors. Not all articles in the literature were reviewed.
- Breast milk feeding of preterm infants in France. What have we learned from the EPIPAGE studies? [Editorial]Arch Pediatr 2020AP
- Effect of feeding different sources of selenium on growth performance and antioxidant status of broilers. [Journal Article]Br Poult Sci 2020BP
- 1. This study was conducted to determine the effect of different sources of selenium (Se) on deposition, apparent metabolisable energy (AME), growth performance and antioxidant status of broilers, measured as Se content in liver and breast tissues and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) in blood, when used in 0-35 d broiler chicken diets.2. A total of 200 male Ross 308 broilers were used in the feedi…
1. This study was conducted to determine the effect of different sources of selenium (Se) on deposition, apparent metabolisable energy (AME), growth performance and antioxidant status of broilers, measured as Se content in liver and breast tissues and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) in blood, when used in 0-35 d broiler chicken diets.2. A total of 200 male Ross 308 broilers were used in the feeding trial, which comprised two dietary phases, a starter from 0 to 21 d and finisher from 21 to 35 d of age. Four treatments with 10 replications each were used. A control diet (C) was formulated that was sufficient in protein and energy (230 and 215 g/kg of crude protein and 12.67 and 13.11 MJ/kg of metabolisable energy, respectively), for both phases, but contained background Se only from the feed ingredients. The first treatment diet (IS) was made from the C diet supplemented with 10.35 g/t inorganic source of elemental Se in both feed phases. The third treatment (SY) was the control diet supplemented with 136.36 g/t selenised yeast (Sacchromyces cerevisiae) in both feed phases. A fourth treatment (SS) was the C diet supplemented with 0.666 g/t sodium selenite an inorganic source of Se in both starter and finisher diets.4. Birds fed the SY diet consumed less and weighed less than those fed IS or C (P<0.05; 0-35 d of age), but there was no difference compared to birds fed SS diets. There were no differences in FCR or dietary AME between broilers fed different Se sources. All diets containing supplementary Se increased concentrations in the liver and breast muscle, and for GSH-Px levels in blood compared to birds fed the C diet (P<0.001). Birds fed SY diets had greater Se levels in liver and breast tissues compared to birds fed any of the other diets (P<0.001).5. Diets supplemented with Se had variable effects on broiler growth performances and antioxidant status. Feeding Se from a yeast source has higher transfer into tissues. Feeding different sources and levels of Se to birds in a more challenging situation to induce oxidative stress may bring more conclusive results.
- Increase of breast-feeding in the past decade in Greece, but still low uptake: cross-sectional studies in 2007 and 2017. [Journal Article]Public Health Nutr 2020; :1-10PH
- CONCLUSIONS: We observed an increasing trend in all breast-feeding indicators in the past decade in Greece, but breast-feeding rates - particularly rates of exclusive breast-feeding - remain low. Systematic public health initiatives targeted to health professionals and mothers are needed in order to change the prevailing baby feeding 'culture' and successfully implement the WHO recommendations for exclusive breast-feeding during the first 6 months of life.
- Prevalence and Risk Factors for Hyponatremia in Preterm Infants. [Journal Article]Open Access Maced J Med Sci 2019; 7(19):3201-3204OA
- CONCLUSIONS: Hyponatremia occurred at a relatively high frequency. This result exemplifies the importance of serum sodium monitoring and supplementation for the correction of hyponatremia.
- Association between breastfeeding and osteoporotic hip fracture in women: a dose-response meta-analysis. [Journal Article]J Orthop Surg Res 2020; 15(1):15JO
- CONCLUSIONS: Our meta-analysis demonstrated that the incidence of osteoporotic hip fracture decreased with the extension of breastfeeding time. However, there is no significant relationship between them when the duration of breastfeeding time was more than 25 months.
- Medicinal cannabis for psychiatric disorders: a clinically-focused systematic review. [Journal Article]BMC Psychiatry 2020; 20(1):24BP
- CONCLUSIONS: There is currently encouraging, albeit embryonic, evidence for medicinal cannabis in the treatment of a range of psychiatric disorders. Supportive findings are emerging for some key isolates, however, clinicians need to be mindful of a range of prescriptive and occupational safety considerations, especially if initiating higher dose THC formulas.
- Iron Status of Infants in the First Year of Life in Northern Taiwan. [Journal Article]Nutrients 2020; 12(1)N
- Iron deficiency (ID) and iron deficiency anemia (IDA) typically occur in developing countries. Notably, ID and IDA can affect an infant's emotion, cognition, and development. Breast milk is considered the best food for infants. However, recent studies have indicated that breastfeeding for more than six months increases the risk of ID. This study investigated the prevalence of ID and IDA, as well …
Iron deficiency (ID) and iron deficiency anemia (IDA) typically occur in developing countries. Notably, ID and IDA can affect an infant's emotion, cognition, and development. Breast milk is considered the best food for infants. However, recent studies have indicated that breastfeeding for more than six months increases the risk of ID. This study investigated the prevalence of ID and IDA, as well as the association between feeding type and iron nutritional status in northern Taiwan. A cross-sectional study was conducted on infants who returned to the well-baby clinic for routine examination from October 2012 to January 2014. Overall, 509 infants aged 1-12 months completed the iron nutritional status analysis, anthropometric measurement, and dietary intake assessment, including milk and complementary foods. The results revealed that 49 (10%) and 21 (4%) infants in their first year of life had ID and IDA, respectively, based on the World Health Organization criteria. Breastfed infants had a higher prevalence rate of ID and IDA than mixed-fed and formula-fed infants (p < 0.001). Regarding biomarkers of iron status, plasma hemoglobin (Hb), ferritin, and transferrin saturation (%) levels were significantly lower in ID and IDA groups. The prevalence of ID and IDA were 3.7% and 2.7%, respectively, in infants under six months of age, but increased to 20.4% and 6.6%, respectively, in infants above six months of age. The healthy group had a higher total iron intake than ID and IDA groups, mainly derived from infant formula. The total dietary iron intake was positively correlated with infants' Hb levels. Compared with formula-fed infants, the logistic regression revealed that the odds ratio for ID was 2.157 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.369-3.399) and that for IDA was 4.196 (95% CI: 1.780-9.887) among breastfed infants (p < 0.001) after adjusted for all confounding factors (including gestational week, birthweight, sex, body weight percentile, body length percentile, age of infants, mothers' BMI, gestational weight gain, education level, and hemoglobin level before delivery). In conclusion, our results determined that breastfeeding was associated with an increased the prevalence of ID and/or IDA, especially in infants above six months. This suggests that mothers who prolonged breastfeed after six months could provide high-quality iron-rich foods to reduce the prevalence of ID and IDA.
- The contributions of fetal growth restriction and gestational age to developmental outcomes at 12 months of age: A cohort study. [Journal Article]Early Hum Dev 2020; 142:104951EH
- CONCLUSIONS: Developmental assessment using the ASQ of infants with FGR was mostly comparable to those born without FGR at 12 months, although finer-grained neurobehavioural assessments may yield capacity for earlier identification of developmental risk. Our data provide weight to the argument that surveillance of early term infants could enable earlier intervention for children at risk.
New Search Next
- Maternal Factors Related to Infant Motor Development at 4 Months of Age. [Journal Article]Breastfeed Med 2020BM
- CONCLUSIONS: Infants who were exclusively breastfed had higher motor development percentiles at 4 months of age than those infants whose mothers supplemented with or used formula exclusively. Physical activity levels during late pregnancy were not related to infant motor development percentiles, which suggests that physical activities do not appear to be harmful to infant motor development.