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2,758,520 results
  • Survival Following Cytoreductive Nephrectomy: A Comparison of Existing Prognostic Models. [Journal Article]
    BJU Int. 2020 Jul 04 [Online ahead of print]Westerman ME, Shapiro DD, … Wood CG
  • CONCLUSIONS: Currently used prognostic models have limited discriminatory capacity when applied to a modern cohort of patients undergoing CN. They are inadequate for risk stratification and randomization in prospective clinical trials of untreated mRCC patients. Caution should be used when using these models for clinical decision making.
  • Severe acute exacerbation of HCV infection in cancer patients who undergo chemotherapy: some issues. [Letter]
    J Viral Hepat. 2020 Jul 05 [Online ahead of print]Dai CY, Huang JF, … Yu ML
  • We read with interest the manuscript published by Li et al. reporting the severe acute exacerbation of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy without anti-viral prophylaxis in their retrospective study. The authors concluded that HCV infection increases the risk of acute severe liver injury in cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy. Several issues have to be…
  • Non-linearity in interspecific interactions in response to climate change: cod and haddock as an example. [Journal Article]
    Glob Chang Biol. 2020 Jul 04 [Online ahead of print]Durant JM, Ono K, … Langangen Ø
  • Climate change has profound ecological effects, yet our understanding of how trophic interactions among species are affected by climate change is still patchy. The sympatric Atlantic haddock and cod are co-occurring across the North Atlantic. They compete for food at younger stages and thereafter the former is preyed by the latter but climate change might affect the interaction and coexistence of…
  • The molecular mechanism of vernalization in Arabidopsis and Cereals: Role of Flowering Locus C and its homologs. [Review]
    Physiol Plant. 2020 Jul 04 [Online ahead of print]Sharma N, Geuten K, … Varma A
  • Winter varieties of plants can flower only after exposure to prolonged cold. This phenomenon is known as vernalization and has been widely studied in the model plant Arabidopsis thaliana as well as in monocots. Through the repression of floral activator genes, vernalization prevents flowering in winter. In Arabidopsis, FLOWERING LOCUS C or FLC is the key repressor during vernalization, while in m…
  • Release behavior of metals from tin-lined copper cookware into food simulants during cooking and cold storage. [Journal Article]
    Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2020 Jul 05 [Online ahead of print]Banavi P, Sadeghi E, … Rouhi M
  • The copper pots with an inner coating layer of tin have been remarkably used in many countries for a long time. In this study, leaching of some metals from tin-lined copper pots into food simulators at different pHs (4, 5.5, 7, and 8.5) during boiling processing (95 °C for 1, 2, and 3 h) or refrigerated storage (4 °C for 1, 2, and 3 days) was investigated. Citric acid and sodium hydroxide were us…
  • Traffic noise prediction model of an Indian road: an increased scenario of vehicles and honking. [Journal Article]
    Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2020 Jul 04 [Online ahead of print]Thakre C, Laxmi V, … Kumar R
  • Noise is considered as an underrated and underemphasized pollutant in contrast to other pollutants of the environment. Due to the non-acute response of health effects, people are not vigilant towards consequences regarding noise pollution. The expansion of the transportation industry is contributing towards the increment in the public and private vehicular volume which causes an increment in nois…
  • The effects of a short-term exposure to propiconazole in zebrafish (Danio rerio) embryos. [Journal Article]
    Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2020 Jul 04 [Online ahead of print]Zhao F, Cao F, … Qiu L
  • Propiconazole (PCZ) is a widely used fungicide around the world and was frequently detected in surface waters, which would pose risk to aquatic organisms. Previous studies indicated that PCZ has high toxicity to different kinds of fish. However, most of the studies focus on the toxicity and mechanisms of PCZ to adult fish, the potential toxicity mechanism of PCZ to fish embryos is still poorly un…
  • Intra-articular injection of etanercept versus glucocorticoids in rheumatoid arthritis patients. [Journal Article]
    Clin Rheumatol. 2020 Jul 04 [Online ahead of print]Salem RM, El-Deeb AE, … El-Khouly R
  • CONCLUSIONS: Intra-articular injection of etanercept is a safe and promising option; with comparable results to intra-articular injection of corticosteroid; however, its rapid absorption from the synovium may necessitate frequent injections. Key Points • Persistent inflammatory mono-arthritis is a common clinical problem that is often difficult to treat; it is a debilitating and destructive condition. • Intra-articular injection of TNF inhibitors is an encouraging treatment modality in managing refractory mono-arthritis in rheumatoid arthritis.
  • Is there a relationship between serum omentin level and acute phase response in patients with familial Mediterranean fever? [Journal Article]
    Clin Rheumatol. 2020 Jul 04 [Online ahead of print]Can Sandikci S, Omma A, … Omma T
  • CONCLUSIONS: FMF patients with colchicine resistance are associated with decreased omentin concentrations, probably mediated by inflammation-driven mechanisms. Key Points • Omentin is a type of adipokine which has an anti-inflammatory effect by inhibiting the inflammatory cytokine network. • Decreased omentin levels are associated with increased obesity, insulin resistance and comorbidities. • We report that omentin levels fluctuate in various diseases. In addition, we have focused on the levels of omentin in patients with FMF, as it may act as a biomarker for colchicine resistance.
  • Systemic immune-inflammation index combined with ferritin can serve as a reliable assessment score for adult-onset Still's disease. [Journal Article]
    Clin Rheumatol. 2020 Jul 04 [Online ahead of print]Kim JW, Jung JY, … Kim HA
  • CONCLUSIONS: Laboratory inflammatory scores can be used as a practical tool for diagnosing AOSD. The SII and ferritin combination proved to be the most powerful assessment tool. Key Points • The systemic immune-inflammation index (SII), C-reactive protein/albumin ratio (CAR), ferritin/erythrocyte sedimentation rate ratio (FER), prognostic nutritional index (PNI), and albumin/globulin ratio (AGR) can be used as initial assessment scores for AOSD. • SII combined with ferritin (AUC = 0.904; 95% CI, 0.863-0.945) appears to be the most effective and valuable assessment score for AOSD.
  • On the three-objective static unconstrained leaf sequencing in IMRT. [Journal Article]
    Med Biol Eng Comput. 2020 Jul 04 [Online ahead of print]Medeiros H, Goldbarg EFG, Goldbarg MC
  • Algorithms are an essential part of radiation therapy planning, which includes three optimizations problems: beam angle configuration, fluence map, and realization. This study addresses the third one, also called the leaf sequencing problem, which arises for each chosen irradiation angle, given the optimized fluence map. It consists in defining a sequence of configurations of a device (called mul…
  • Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) and the liver: a comprehensive systematic review and meta-analysis. [Journal Article]
    Hepatol Int. 2020 Jul 04 [Online ahead of print]Kumar-M P, Mishra S, … Sharma V
  • CONCLUSIONS: The most frequent abnormality in liver functions was hypoalbuminemia followed by derangements in gamma-glutamyl transferase and aminotransferases, and these abnormalities were more frequent in severe disease. The systematic review was, however, limited by heterogeneity in definitions of severity and liver function derangements. Graphical depiction of the summary of meta-analytic findings a) pooled prevalence of abnormalities b) Risk ratio of abnormality in severe versus non-severe COVID-19 c) standardized mean difference (SMD) between severe and non-severe group and d) pooled prevalence for parameters based on severity stratification for bilirubin, alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), gamma-glutamyl transferase (GGT), albumin, globulin and acute hepatic injury (AHI) . Also estimates for overall/total liver disease (TLD) and chronic liver disease (CLD) amongst COVID-19 patients are depicted in a, b, d. For d) In addition to severity stratification, Overall (all studies for a particular estimate) and combined (only those studies which reported severity) estimates are provided.
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