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33,286 results
  • [Caffeine, the most frequently consumed psychostimulant: a narrative review article]. [Journal Article]
    Fortschr Neurol Psychiatr 2019Gahr M
  • Caffeine is the worldwide most frequently consumed psychostimulant. Its availability is nearly unlimited and in Europe it is not subject to state regulation. Apart from its primary role as an ingredient or additive in numerous beverages it also has medical use in apnea of prematurity, as an adjuvant in pain therapy and has regulatory approval for the short-term treatment of symptoms of fatigue. I…
  • Caffeine Restrictions in Inpatient Psychiatric Settings: Precipitating Withdrawal? [Journal Article]
    J Addict Med 2019Shapiro B
  • : Caffeine is often restricted in locked inpatient psychiatric facilities based on concern that it may exacerbate clinical symptoms. However, psychiatric inpatients may be at particularly high risk of caffeine withdrawal during psychiatric hospitalization, which may cause undue discomfort or distress, limit their engagement in inpatient treatment, and confound the management of psychiatric illnes…
  • Hypnotic Effects of Lactobacillus fermentum PS150TM on Pentobarbital-Induced Sleep in Mice. [Journal Article]
    Nutrients 2019; 11(10)Lin A, Shih CT, … Tsai YC
  • The bidirectional communication between the gastrointestinal tract and the central nervous system appears to be functionally linked to the intestinal microbiome, namely the microbiome-gut-brain axis (MGBA). Probiotics with health benefits on psychiatric or neurological illnesses are generally called psychobiotics, and some of them may also be able to improve sleep by targeting the MGBA. This stud…
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