- Nutrition and Female Fertility: An Interdependent Correlation. [Review]
- FEFront Endocrinol (Lausanne) 2019; 10:346
- Besides aging, a number of non-modifiable lifestyle-related factors, such as smoking, elevated consumption of caffeine and alcohol, stress, agonist sports, chronic exposure to environmental pollutant…
Besides aging, a number of non-modifiable lifestyle-related factors, such as smoking, elevated consumption of caffeine and alcohol, stress, agonist sports, chronic exposure to environmental pollutants, and other nutritional habits exert a negative impact on a women's fertility. In particular, metabolic disorders including diabetes, obesity, and hyperlipidemia commonly associated to hypercaloric diets are suspected to affect a woman's fertility either by direct damage to oocyte health and differentiation, or by indirect interference with the pituitary-hypothalamic axis, resulting in dysfunctional oogenesis. Obese women show decreased insulin sensitivity determining persistent hyperinsulinemia, which may be involved in the pathogenesis of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome. Thus, the reduced insulin secretion induced by dietary adjustments is an attractive non-pharmacological treatment to prevent infertility, and a Mediterranean diet aimed at maintaining normal body mass may be effective in the preservation of ovarian health and physiology. Furthermore, in relation to the oxidative stress as a co-factor of defective oocyte maturation, an appropriate intake of proteins, antioxidants and methyl-donor supplements (1-Carbon Cycle) may decrease the bioavailability of toxic oxidants resulting in the protection of oocyte maturation.
- Intake of coffee associated with decreased depressive symptoms among elderly Japanese women: a multi-center cross-sectional study. [Journal Article]
- JEJ Epidemiol 2019 Jun 22
- CONCLUSIONS: The result suggests that the inverse association on depressive symptoms might be expected not only caffeine intake but also some other substances in coffee or factors related to coffee intake. Because of its cross-sectional design, longitudinal studies are required to confirm the present finding.
- Impact of caffeine on myocardial perfusion reserve assessed by semiquantitative adenosine stress perfusion cardiovascular magnetic resonance. [Journal Article]
- JCJ Cardiovasc Magn Reson 2019 Jun 24; 21(1):33
- CONCLUSIONS: Caffeine consumption prior to adenosine stress CMR results in a lower global MPRI, which is driven by the decreased MPRI in remote myocardium and underlines the need of abstinence from caffeine. The splenic switch-off sign is not affected by prior caffeine intake.
- Changes in taste and food preferences in breast cancer patients receiving chemotherapy: a pilot study. [Journal Article]
- SCSupport Care Cancer 2019 Jun 22
- CONCLUSIONS: Sensitivities to sweet, salty, and sour but not bitter tastes differed between BC patients and CTRL. During treatment, sweet taste sensitivity increased while other tastes were unaffected. BC patients preferred mild/soft dishes over fried and sweetened dishes compared to CTRL. Our findings may contribute to developing dishes for breast cancer patients to increase food intake and thereby lower the risk of malnutrition.
- Caffeine Consumption and Atrial Fibrillation: A Risk Assessment. [Letter]
- CCardiology 2019 Jun 21; :1
- Treatment of pediatric restless legs syndrome. [Journal Article]
- APAdv Pharmacol 2019; 84:237-253
- Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is not uncommon in children with an estimated prevalence of 2%. There is clear evidence that RLS affects quality of life, sleep, cognition and behavior in children and ad…
Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is not uncommon in children with an estimated prevalence of 2%. There is clear evidence that RLS affects quality of life, sleep, cognition and behavior in children and adults. Although the diagnosis of RLS can be challenging in young children, the International Restless Legs Study Group (IRLSSG) has published guidelines for diagnosis which include description of symptoms in the child's own words. Once the diagnosis is made, treatment options must be explored. It is commonly accepted that non-pharmacological interventions be recommended to all affected families. These include maintaining a consistent bedtime routine, establishing healthy eating habits and exercise, avoiding caffeine and other substances that can exacerbate RLS, and stretching before bedtime. Pharmacological interventions in children are challenged by the lack of solid data supporting effectiveness and long-term safety. Historically and based on pathophysiology, iron supplementation is the first line therapy in children. Recently intravenous iron supplementation has shown promising results, following studies in adults. Most studies in children on various pharmacological options follow a robust body of data previously published in adult patient with RLS, yet data in children remain scarce. This chapter will discuss both non-pharmacologic and pharmacologic treatment options for children with RLS.
- Full-scale comparison of UV/H2O2 and UV/Cl2 advanced oxidation: The degradation of micropollutant surrogates and the formation of disinfection byproducts. [Journal Article]
- WRWater Res 2019 Jun 13; 161:448-458
- The photolysis of chlorine by UV light leads to the formation of the hydroxyl radicals (OH) as well as reactive chlorine species (RCS) that can be effective as advanced oxidation processes (AOPs) for…
The photolysis of chlorine by UV light leads to the formation of the hydroxyl radicals (OH) as well as reactive chlorine species (RCS) that can be effective as advanced oxidation processes (AOPs) for water treatment. Much of the research to date has been done at laboratory- or bench-scale. This study reports results from a model that demonstrates that the relative effectiveness of the UV/Cl2 AOP compared to the more traditional UV/H2O2 AOP is a function of optical path length. As such, the relative effectiveness of the two treatment options evaluated at small scale may not reflect the relative performance at full-scale, making results previously obtained at small-scale potentially less scalable. This study therefore compares the performance of UV/Cl2 to UV/H2O2 at a full-scale water treatment plant, using sucralose and caffeine as spiked surrogates for contaminants that are reactive solely to OH radicals, and to both OH and RCS, respectively. pH was varied between 6.5 and 8.0. The results demonstrated that when using a medium pressure UV lamp, UV/Cl2 might lead to approximately twice the production of OH radicals as UV/H2O2 at pH 6.5 when using the same molar oxidant concentration, but adding chlorine to the UV reactor at pH 8.0 had a negligible impact on OH radical concentration in comparison to UV alone. The study also confirmed previous small-scale results that RCS can be a major contributor to UV/Cl2 treatment for compounds such as caffeine that are susceptible to RCS, with UV/Cl2 effective at both pH 6.5 and 8.0 for such compounds. Disinfection byproducts were monitored, with adsorbable organohalide (AOX) formation increasing by approximately 10 μg-Cl/L due to chlorine photolysis, but only at pH 6.5 and not at pH 8.0. This implies that UV/Cl2 might increase AOX mostly due to reaction between OH and organic precursors to make them more reactive with chlorine, and not due to RCS. The formation of specific DBPs of current or emerging regulatory interest was minimal under all conditions, except for chlorate. Chlorate yields were in the order of 6-18% of the photolysed chlorine.
- A review of pregnancy apps freely available in the Google Play Store. [Journal Article]
- HPHealth Promot J Austr 2019 Jun 21
- CONCLUSIONS: Although there are a large number of pregnancy apps available, few are of high quality and most contain only a small number of pregnancy-focused nutrition topics. It is important to be aware of the limitations of current apps in providing dietary advice during this key life stage. SO WHAT?: The current review does not support the use of freely available android apps currently on the market as an appropriate nutrition resource for pregnant women. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
- Eating Behaviors and Dietary Intakes of Older Adults: What We Eat in America, NHANES 2015-2016 (FS02-07-19). [Journal Article]
- CDCurr Dev Nutr 2019; 3(Suppl 1)
- CONCLUSIONS: With the number and proportion of older adults increasing in the U.S., understanding their eating behaviors and dietary intakes can inform strategies for well-being during this life stage.
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- Caffeinated Beverage Intake and Serum Caffeine Metabolites and Risk of Pregnancy Loss (OR17-04-19). [Journal Article]
- CDCurr Dev Nutr 2019; 3(Suppl 1)
- CONCLUSIONS: Collectively, these data suggest that caffeine intake prior to pregnancy may increase risk of pregnancy loss, particularly in early gestation.