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1,186 results
  • Bias in the evaluation of psychology studies: A comparison of parapsychology versus neuroscience. [Journal Article]
    Explore (NY). 2019 Dec 28 [Online ahead of print]Butzer B
  • Research suggests that scientists display confirmation biases with regard to the evaluation of research studies, in that they evaluate results as being stronger when a study confirms their prior expectations. These biases may influence the peer review process, particularly for studies that present controversial findings. The purpose of the current study was to compare the evaluation of a parapsyc…
  • Camille Flammarion on the powers of the soul; with an introduction by Carlos S. [Journal Article]
    Hist Psychiatry. 2020 Jun; 31(2):237-252.Alvarado CS, Zingrone NL
  • There is a long conceptual tradition that interprets phenomena such as clairvoyance and apparitions as evidence for a spiritual component in human beings. Examples of this appear in the literatures of mesmerism, Spiritualism and psychical research. The purpose of this Classic Text is to present excerpts from a book by French astronomer Camille Flammarion touching on this perspective. They are sel…
  • Mark Twain's phrenological experiment: Three renditions of his "small test". [Journal Article]
    J Hist Neurosci. 2020 Jan-Mar; 29(1):101-118.Finger S
  • Samuel Langhorne Clemens (1835-1910), the American humorist and author better known as Mark Twain, was skeptical about clairvoyance, supernatural entities, palm reading, and certain medical fads, including phrenology. During the early 1870s, he set forth to test phrenology-and, more specifically, its reliance on craniology-by undergoing two head examinations with Lorenzo Fowler, an American phren…
  • Market trends and ethnobotany of orchids of Mount Cameroon. [Journal Article]
    J Ethnobiol Ethnomed. 2019 Jun 25; 15(1):29.Fonge BA, Essomo SE, … Assoua EM
  • CONCLUSIONS: The level of awareness on uses of orchids in the MCR is low. Many people consume orchids mixed with different species of plants for herbal treatment. Orchid trade is used as a part of subsistence by orchid cultivators and vendors.
  • Searching for the impossible: Parapsychology's elusive quest. [Journal Article]
    Am Psychol. 2020 04; 75(3):391-399.Reber AS, Alcock JE
  • Recently, American Psychologist published a review of the evidence for parapsychology that supported the general claims of psi (the umbrella term often used for anomalous or paranormal phenomena). We present an opposing perspective and a broad-based critique of the entire parapsychology enterprise. Our position is straightforward. Claims made by parapsychologists cannot be true. The effects repor…
  • An Empirical Investigation of Alleged Mediumistic Writing: A Case Study of Chico Xavier's Letters. [Case Reports]
    J Nerv Ment Dis. 2019 06; 207(6):497-504.Paraná D, Rocha AC, … Moreira-Almeida A
  • The scientific study of mediumship can contribute to the understanding of the mind-brain relationship. This study investigated a letter written by the influential Brazilian "medium" Chico Xavier, whose authorship was attributed to a deceased person. We identified the letter's pieces of information that were objectively verifiable, and we analyzed their accuracy based on documents and on interview…
  • Human Biofield Therapy and the Growth of Mouse Lung Carcinoma. [Journal Article]
    Integr Cancer Ther. 2019 Jan-Dec; 18:1534735419840797.Yang P, Jiang Y, … Cohen L
  • Biofield therapies have gained popularity and are being explored as possible treatments for cancer. In some cases, devices have been developed that mimic the electromagnetic fields that are emitted from people delivering biofield therapies. However, there is limited research examining if humans could potentially inhibit the proliferation of cancer cells and suppress tumor growth through modificat…
  • Jules Bernard Luys on magnetic pathology. [Historical Article]
    Hist Psychiatry. 2019 Sep; 30(3):359-374.Alvarado CS
  • In the mesmeric movement, one of the phenomena cited to defend the existence of magnetic and nervous forces was the visual perception of them in the form of luminous emanations from people, or effluvia. This Classic Text is an 1892 article by French neurologist, Jules Bernard Luys (1828-97), about the observation of such effluvia by hypnotized individuals. Interestingly, the luminous phenomena pe…
  • Registered reports: an early example and analysis. [Journal Article]
    PeerJ. 2019; 7:e6232.Wiseman R, Watt C, Kornbrot D
  • The recent 'replication crisis' in psychology has focused attention on ways of increasing methodological rigor within the behavioral sciences. Part of this work has involved promoting 'Registered Reports', wherein journals peer review papers prior to data collection and publication. Although this approach is usually seen as a relatively recent development, we note that a prototype of this publish…
  • Exceptional experiences reported by scientists and engineers. [Letter]
    Explore (NY). 2018 09; 14(5):329-341.Wahbeh H, Radin D, … Delorme A
  • Throughout history people have reported exceptional experiences that appear to transcend the everyday boundaries of space and time, such as perceiving someone's thoughts from a distance. Because such experiences are associated with superstition, and some violate currently accepted materialist conventions, one might assume that scientists and engineers would be much less likely to report instances…
  • Remote Viewing of Concealed Target Pictures Under Light and Dark Conditions. [Journal Article]
    Explore (NY). 2019 Jan - Feb; 15(1):27-37.Krippner S, Saunders DT, … Quan A
  • CONCLUSIONS: The findings may have implications for the use of participant judgments in future remote viewing research. Furthermore, because there are several advantages to what parapsychologists refer to as "free response" targets as opposed to "forced choice" targets (Honorton, 1975), the findings for target numinosity may have implications for the future selection of target material.
  • Paranormal belief, thinking style preference and susceptibility to confirmatory conjunction errors. [Journal Article]
    Conscious Cogn. 2018 10; 65:182-196.Rogers P, Fisk JE, Lowrie E
  • This study examines the extent to which belief in extrasensory perception (ESP), psychokinesis (PK) or life after death (LAD), plus need for cognition (NFC) and faith in intuition (FI), predict the generation of confirmatory conjunction errors. An opportunity sample (n = 261) completed sixteen conjunction problems manipulated across a 2 event type (paranormal vs. non-paranormal) × 2 outcome type …
  • Bayesian adaptive algorithms for locating HIV mobile testing services. [Journal Article]
    BMC Med. 2018 09 03; 16(1):155.Gonsalves GS, Copple JT, … Warren JL
  • CONCLUSIONS: BYM narrowly outperformed TS in our simulation, suggesting that small improvements in yield can be achieved by accounting for spatial correlation. However, the comparative simplicity with which TS can be implemented makes a field evaluation critical to understanding the practical value of either of these algorithms as an alternative to existing approaches for deploying HIV testing resources.
  • Expressivism, Psychic Health, and the First-Person Stance. [Journal Article]
    J Pers Disord. 2018 Jun; 32(3):351-373.Leite A
  • This article addresses the psychotherapeutically important phenomenon of relating first-personally to one's own emotion, belief, desire, or other attitude. The fundamental theoretical challenge is to understand how one can relate to one's attitudes as one's attitudes without occupying a position that is alienated from them. Philosophical questions in this area are significantly illuminated by con…
  • The experimental evidence for parapsychological phenomena: A review. [Review]
    Am Psychol. 2018 Jul-Aug; 73(5):663-677.Cardeña E
  • This article presents a comprehensive integration of current experimental evidence and theories about so-called parapsychological (psi) phenomena. Throughout history, people have reported events that seem to violate the common sense view of space and time. Some psychologists have been at the forefront of investigating these phenomena with sophisticated research protocols and theory, while others …
  • The Uncanny: A Biopsychosocial Perspective. [Journal Article]
    Am J Psychother. 2018 Jul 01; 71(1):39-49.Merced M
  • A biopsychosocial model provides a framework for a contemporary understanding of paranormal phenomena. From this perspective, paranormal beliefs and experiences are best understood by identifying biological, psychological, and sociocultural explanatory factors. Treatment recommendations are provided.
  • Pierre Janet and the enchanted boundary of psychical research. [Journal Article]
    Hist Psychol. 2018 May; 21(2):100-125.Evrard R, Pratte EA, Cardeña E
  • Among the founders of French psychology, Pierre Janet (1859-1947) is recognized for both his scientific and institutional roles. The psychology born at the turn of the 20th century was initially partly receptive to, but then engaged in, a battle with the "psychical marvelous," and Janet was no exception. He was involved in the split between psychology and parapsychology (or "metapsychics" in Fran…
  • The Moderating Effect of Mental Toughness: Perception of Risk and Belief in the Paranormal. [Journal Article]
    Psychol Rep. 2019 Feb; 122(1):268-287.Drinkwater K, Dagnall N, … Parker A
  • This research demonstrates that higher levels of mental toughness provide cognitive-perceptual processing advantages when evaluating risk. No previous research, however, has examined mental toughness in relation to perception of risk and paranormal belief (a variable associated with distorted perception of causality and elevated levels of perceived risk). Accordingly, the present paper investigat…
  • About an energy functioning by fusion, independently. [Journal Article]
    Hell J Nucl Med. 2017 Sep-Dec; 20(3):190-191.Melfou F, Lambrianidis C, Grammaticos PC
  • An innovative biological energy has been observed related to the eye sight and fusing with another energy over tap water through a small metallic chain. The fused energy has been repeatedly described under standard conditions and it is characteristics vary according to the condition of the eye sight and the water content. This energy may be called: "EFI" (energy functioning, by fusion, independen…
  • Functional MRI Study to Examine Possible Emotional Connectedness in Identical Twins: A Case Study. [Journal Article]
    Explore (NY). 2018 Jan - Feb; 14(1):86-91.Karavasilis E, Christidi F, … Efstathopoulos EP
  • In the present case study, we investigated possible emotional connectedness between monozygotic twins by means of functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). During the experimental condition, Twin 2 was randomly selected to participate in the neuroimaging protocol while Twin 1 participated in the experimental condition outside the MRI scanner (none of them was aware of the experimental procedu…
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