- Economic Evaluation of a Sun Protection Promotion Program in California Elementary Schools. [Journal Article]Am J Health Promot 2020; :890117120905217AJ
- CONCLUSIONS: Coaching of elementary school personnel can stimulate sun safety practice implementation at a reasonable cost. Findings can assist schools in implementing appropriate sun safety practices.
- Work motivation perceptions of students with intellectual disabilities before and after participation in a short-term vocational rehabilitation summer programme: An exploratory study. [Journal Article]J Appl Res Intellect Disabil 2020JA
- CONCLUSIONS: Work motivation has been previously associated with positive employment participation. Findings provide some support for assessment of work motivation in school-to-work transition planning.
- Surgical Release of the Adductor Longus With or Without Sports Hernia Repair Is a Useful Treatment for Recalcitrant Groin Strains in the Elite Athlete. [Journal Article]Orthop J Sports Med 2020; 8(1):2325967119896104OJ
- CONCLUSIONS: In this study of elite athletes, adductor longus tenotomy with or without a concomitant sports hernia repair provided overall acceptable and excellent results. Athletes were able to return to their previous level of athletic competition and performance with consistent relief of groin pain. Return to play in an NFL game averaged 12 weeks following surgery.
- Barriers and Facilitators to Discussing Goals of Care among Nephrology Trainees: A Qualitative Analysis and Novel Educational Intervention. [Journal Article]J Palliat Med 2020JP
- Background: Goals of care (GOC) conversations are critical to advance care planning but occur infrequently in nephrology. National workshops have improved trainee comfort with initiating GOC conversations but lack interface with palliative subspecialists and can incur travel-related costs. We developed an educational intervention focused on GOC convers…
Background: Goals of care (GOC) conversations are critical to advance care planning but occur infrequently in nephrology. National workshops have improved trainee comfort with initiating GOC conversations but lack interface with palliative subspecialists and can incur travel-related costs. We developed an educational intervention focused on GOC conversations for nephrology trainees that incorporated into routine schedules and offered feedback from palliative subspecialists. Objective: To explore barriers and facilitators to discussing GOC and uncover perceptions of GOC-related behavior change post-intervention. Design: Qualitative study. Setting/Subjects: Sixteen nephrology trainees at an academic medical center. Measurements: Analyses of semistructured interviews occurred in phases: (1) isolation of quotes; (2) development of a coding system; and (3) creation of a framework of interrelationships between quotes using an inductive/deductive approach. Results: We captured the following themes: (1) prior knowledge (ability to define GOC, knowledge of communication frameworks and prognostic data, exposure to outpatient GOC conversations; (2) attitudes related to GOC conversations (responsibility, comfort, therapeutic alliance, patient preparedness, partnership with care teams); and (3) potential change in behaviors (increased likelihood to initiate GOC conversations early, more accurate identification of patients appropriate for a GOC conversation). Conclusions: Prior knowledge of, exposure to, and attitudes toward advance care planning were key determinants of a nephrology trainees' ability to initiate timely GOC conversations. After our intervention, trainees reported increased comfort with and likelihood to initiate GOC conversations and an improved ability to identify appropriate candidates. Our intervention may be a novel, feasible way to coach nephrologists to initiate timely GOC conversations.
- How to Continue Learning After a Gastroenterology Fellowship With a Peer-Coach. [Journal Article]Gastroenterology 2020G
- Promoting physical activity among children with cancer through an integrated experiential training programme with coaching: A qualitative study. [Journal Article]Patient Educ Couns 2020PE
- CONCLUSIONS: This study addressed a gap in the literature by exploring how an integrated programme promoted and maintained physical activity in childhood cancer patients.The integrated experiential training programme is feasible and can be easily sustained. Future studies could extend the programme beyond aspects of physical activity to help people change their health practices and maintain a healthy lifestyle.
- Exploring peer coaches' outcomes: Findings from a clinical trial of patients with chronic pain. [Journal Article]Patient Educ Couns 2020PE
- CONCLUSIONS: Despite prior studies suggesting that peer coaches benefit from serving as a coach, the current study failed to support that conclusion.Peer coaching remains a promising model, with high potential for implementation, for a number of chronic conditions requiring self-management. However, to maximize the benefits of such interventions, it is essential to monitor both those being coached and the coaches themselves, and not to assume that serving as a coach is inherently beneficial.
- Navigation ability test: a new specific test to asses spatial orientation ability in football players and healthy. [Journal Article]J Sports Med Phys Fitness 2020JS
- CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that Navigation Ability Test could suggest to the coach and trainers valuable information about the characteristics of the players and how they should play in the field. Although there are some intrinsic difficulties, for example in creating patient-specific versions of the test, preliminary normative data indicate that this original test is workable and provides important information in therapy rehabilitation for vestibular disorder.
- The impact of human trafficking in relation to maternity care: A literature review. [Review]Midwifery 2020; 83:102645M
- CONCLUSIONS: Women who have been trafficked are at risk of physical and emotional health issues that may affect maternal and fetal outcomes. Multiple barriers to care exist for women who have been trafficked, and social factors including housing, poverty and dispersal policies may impact upon both health and access to care. Healthcare staff do not feel adequately prepared to respond to the needs of this vulnerable group and no midwifery-specific guidance exists.Midwives need awareness of the complex range of health and social factors that may affect women who have been trafficked. Midwives and maternity care professionals require more specialised training to better identify, refer and support women who have been trafficked.
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- Influence of Contextual Variables in the Changes of Direction and Centripetal Force Generated during an Elite-Level Soccer Team Season. [Journal Article]Int J Environ Res Public Health 2020; 17(3)IJ
- The study of the contextual variables that affect soccer performance is important to be able to reproduce the competition context during the training sessions. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of match outcome as related to goal difference (large win, >2 goals, LW; narrow win, 1-2 goals, NW; drawing, D; narrow loss, 1-2 goals, NL; or large loss, >2 goals, LL), ma…
The study of the contextual variables that affect soccer performance is important to be able to reproduce the competition context during the training sessions. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of match outcome as related to goal difference (large win, >2 goals, LW; narrow win, 1-2 goals, NW; drawing, D; narrow loss, 1-2 goals, NL; or large loss, >2 goals, LL), match location (home, H; away, A; neutral, N), type of competition (international, INT; national, NAT; friendly, F), phase of the season (summer preseason, SPS; in-season 1, IS1; winter preseason, WPS; in-season 2), and the field surface (natural grass, NG; artificial turf, TF) on the change of direction (COD) and centripetal force (CentF) generated during official games. Thirty male elite-level soccer players (age: 26.57 ± 5.56 years) were assessed while using WIMU PROTM inertial devices (RealTrack Systems, Almeria, Spain) in 38 matches during the 2017-2018 season, selecting for analysis the number of COD at different intensities and the CentF, depending on the turn direction. Statistical analyses comprised a one-way ANOVA with the Bonferroni post-hoc and t-test for independent samples. The main results showed that the match outcome (ωp² = 0.01-0.04; NW = D = NL > LL), match location (ωp² = 0.01-0.06; A = N > H), type of competition (ωp² = 0.01-0.02; INT > NAT > F), and period of the season (ωp² = 0.01-0.02; SPS = IS1 = WPS > IS2) all exert some influence. No effect was found for the playing surface. Therefore, match outcome, match location, type of competition, and period of the season influence the demands of centripetal force and changes of direction. These aspects should be considered in the design of training sessions and microcycle workload planning during the season to improve competitive success.