- Cost Savings from a Navigator Intervention for Repeat Detoxification Clients. [Journal Article]J Ment Health Policy Econ 2019; 22(1):3-13JM
- CONCLUSIONS: While the results for total spending did not reach statistical significance, they suggest some potential for insurers to reduce the health care costs associated with repeat detox utilization by using a navigator-based intervention. Analyses reported elsewhere found that this intervention had favorable effects on rates of initiation of SUD treatment. Limitations of the study include the fact that neither subjects nor sites were randomized between study groups; lack of data on crime or productivity outcomes; low participant use of RSN services; and a policy change which altered the participant pool and truncated follow-up for some.These results suggest some potential for payers to reduce the health care costs associated with repeat detox by using a navigator-based intervention. To the extent that this results in shifting resources from repeat detox to actual treatment, the result should provide longer term benefit to the population coping with SUD.These results may encourage Medicaid and other payers to further experiment with similar interventions using navigators to decrease health care costs and improved the lives of SUD patients.It could be informative to test similar navigator interventions for detox patients in other settings where enrollment periods are longer.
- Posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms and television viewing patterns in the Nurses' Health Study II: A longitudinal analysis. [Journal Article]PLoS One 2019; 14(3):e0213441Plos
- CONCLUSIONS: TV viewing following trauma exposure may be a marker of vulnerability for developing PTSD and also a consequence of having PTSD. High TV viewing levels may be linked with ineffective coping strategies or social isolation, which increase risk of developing PTSD.
- Acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) experiences among COPD patients with comorbid gastrooesophageal reflux disease. [Journal Article]J Clin Nurs 2019; 28(9-10):1925-1935JC
- CONCLUSIONS: Patients with severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease with comorbid gastrooesophageal reflux disease presented with some distinctly different atypical symptoms yet used common respiratory symptom management strategies. Patients and practitioners alike need to be more aware of the possibility of other symptoms such as nonspecific symptoms being clues of exacerbation onset for a more effective intervention.The medical community needs to educate patients to understand and manage not only chronic obstructive pulmonary disease but also gastrooesophageal reflux disease symptoms so that they are better able to identify the cause of their symptoms, treat them appropriately and seek out medical assistance when necessary.
- Existence, triggers, and coping with chronic sorrow: a qualitative study of caretakers of children with sickle cell disease in a National Referral Hospital in Kampala, Uganda. [Journal Article]BMC Psychol 2018; 6(1):50BP
- CONCLUSIONS: Caretakers of children with sickle cell disease experienced chronic sorrow and employed both internal and external coping strategies to deal with it, which could be either effective or ineffective. This study recommends that health workers should routinely screen for chronic sorrow among caretakers of children with sickle cell disease and assist caretakers to strengthen effective coping strategies to ameliorate the negative effects of chronic sorrow.
- [Nursing Experience With Reconstructing Self-Control Using Rational-Emotive Behavior Therapy on a Patient With Schizophrenia and Obsessive-Compulsive Symptoms]. [Case Reports]Hu Li Za Zhi 2018; 65(5):112-119HL
- This case report describes a nursing experience caring for a patient with schizophrenia and obsessive-compulsive symptoms. This patient suffered from symptoms of being controlled, obsessive thoughts, and compulsive behaviors. In addition, the patient showed no interest in implementing strategies for dealing with anxiety, no motivation for changing this suffering, and an inability to receive a hig…
This case report describes a nursing experience caring for a patient with schizophrenia and obsessive-compulsive symptoms. This patient suffered from symptoms of being controlled, obsessive thoughts, and compulsive behaviors. In addition, the patient showed no interest in implementing strategies for dealing with anxiety, no motivation for changing this suffering, and an inability to receive a higher level of rehabilitative job training in daycare. These problems impeded this patient's reintegration into the community. Therefore, the authors employed a five-dimension assessment (physical, emotional, cognitive, social, and spiritual) in order to address the two major nursing problems. The period of nursing care was from October 21, 2016 to January 10, 2017. The two nursing problems addressed included: 1) altered thought processes and 2) ineffective coping. The author provided potentially helpful nursing processes based on the theory of Rational-Emotive Behavior Therapy in order to help the patient cope with symptoms, including being controlled and obsessive-compulsive behaviors. Meanwhile, a relaxation technique was applied to reduce the patient's feelings of discomfort during the nursing processes. As a result, the patient's coping skills to deal with symptoms of being controlled, obsession, and compulsion were improved through refutation of irrational beliefs. In addition to showing rational emotions and appropriate behavior to handle pressures, the patient was also able to apply the relaxation technique to relieve the discomfort from anxiety and pain as needed. This case report suggests that nurses may implement the irrational beliefs refutation training regimen under Rational-Emotive Behavior Therapy for similar cases at the beginning of nursing-patients relationships. Furthermore, providing relaxation techniques in the nursing process may assist patients to deal with stressful life events. The results of this nursing experience are expected to help nursing colleagues apply the above theory and skills with schizophrenia patients with obsessive-compulsive symptoms.
- Help me Feel Better! Ecological Momentary Assessment of Anxious Youths' Emotion Regulation with Parents and Peers. [Journal Article]J Abnorm Child Psychol 2019; 47(2):313-324JA
- Anxious youth often have trouble regulating negative affect (NA) and tend to over-rely on parents when faced with challenges. It is unclear how social interactions with parents or peers actually helps or hinders anxious youths' success in regulating NA. The aim of this study was to examine whether the success of anxious youths' emotion regulation strategies differed according to social context. W…
Anxious youth often have trouble regulating negative affect (NA) and tend to over-rely on parents when faced with challenges. It is unclear how social interactions with parents or peers actually helps or hinders anxious youths' success in regulating NA. The aim of this study was to examine whether the success of anxious youths' emotion regulation strategies differed according to social context. We compared the effectiveness of co-ruminating, co-problem solving and co-distracting with parents/peers for regulating anxious youth's NA in response to stress in their daily lives. We also examined the benefit of attempting each strategy socially vs. non-socially (e.g., co-ruminating vs. ruminating). One-hundred-seventeen youth (9-14) with a current diagnosis of Separation Anxiety Disorder, Generalized Anxiety Disorder, and/or Social Phobia completed an ecological momentary assessment (14 calls over 5 days), reporting on recent stressors, their affective state, presence of others, and emotion regulation strategies within the prior hour. Mixed linear models revealed that co-distracting was the most effective social strategy for reducing NA, but only for boys. Co-rumination was the least effective social strategy for regulating NA. Regarding social context, only co-distracting was more effective for regulating NA over distracting alone, but only among anxious boys. Results suggest that co-rumination is an ineffective use of social support for regulating NA. Anxious boys may benefit from social support by co-distracting with parents/peers, but improper use may reflect avoidance and contribute to long-term anxiety maintenance. Results extend research on gender differences in interpersonal relationships and emotion regulation.
- A Cross-Disciplinary Successful Aging Intervention and Evaluation: Comparison of Person-to-Person and Digital-Assisted Approaches. [Journal Article]Int J Environ Res Public Health 2018; 15(5)IJ
- CONCLUSIONS: A continuous, well-designed and evidence-based intervention program is beneficial for improving the health of older adults, or at least delaying its decline.
- Preference for cesarean section in young nulligravid women in eight OECD countries and implications for reproductive health education. [Journal Article]Reprod Health 2017; 14(1):116RH
- CONCLUSIONS: Education sessions delivered online, through social media, and face-to-face using drama and stories told by peers (young women who have recently had babies) or celebrities could be designed to maximize young women's capacity to understand the physiology of labor and birth, and the range of methods available to support them in coping with labor pain and to minimize invasive procedures, therefore reducing fear of pain, bodily damage, and loss of control. The most efficacious designs and content for such education for young women and girls remains to be tested in future studies.
- Examining the effectiveness of parental strategies to overcome bedwetting: an observational cohort study. [Journal Article]BMJ Open 2017; 7(7):e016749BO
- CONCLUSIONS: These findings provide evidence that common strategies used to overcome bedwetting in 7½-year-olds are not effective in reducing the risk of bedwetting at 9½ years. Parents should be encouraged to seek professional advice for their child's bedwetting rather than persisting with strategies that may be ineffective.
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- Use of Play Therapy in Nursing Process: A Prospective Randomized Controlled Study. [Randomized Controlled Trial]J Nurs Scholarsh 2017; 49(2):162-169JN
- CONCLUSIONS: Play therapy helped pre-school children to improve their social, emotional, and behavioral skills. It also provided benefits for the children to decrease their fear and anxiety levels, to improve their communication and coping skills, and to increase their self-esteem.