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(craniology)
265 results
  • A network approach to brain form, cortical topology and human evolution. [Journal Article]
    Brain Struct Funct 2019; 224(6):2231-2245Bruner E, Esteve-Altava B, Rasskin-Gutman D
  • Network analysis provides a quantitative tool to investigate the topological properties of a system. In anatomy, it can be employed to investigate the spatial organization of body parts according to their contiguity and patterns of physical contact. In this study, we build a model representing the spatial adjacency of the major regions of the human brain often considered in evolutionary neuroanat…
  • The 'Scientific' phrenologist - Bernard Hollander (1864-1934). [Journal Article]
    J Med Biogr 2019; :967772019840170McEniery DF
  • Bernard Hollander (1864-1934), a Viennese-born British physician, scientist, and author, was best known for his late 19th century and early 20th century revival of a 'Scientific Phrenology'. Hollander, motivated by the advances in cerebral localisation and neuroscience that appeared to justify Franz Joseph Gall's (1758-1828) initial interests in craniology, hoped to use this new framework to subs…
  • Mark Twain's life-long fascination with phrenology. [Historical Article]
    J Hist Behav Sci 2019; 55(2):99-121Finger S
  • Samuel Langhorne Clemens (Mark Twain; 1835-1910), American humorist and writer, followed scientific and medical developments, and relished exposing questionable practices and ideas. In his youth, he pondered how phrenologists were assessing character, and in 1855 he copied sections of a phrenology book and a skull diagram into a notebook. Later, in London, he had two phrenological examinations by…
  • Human paleoneurology: Shaping cortical evolution in fossil hominids. [Review]
    J Comp Neurol 2019; 527(10):1753-1765Bruner E
  • Evolutionary neuroanatomy must integrate two different sources of information, namely from fossil and from living species. Fossils supply information concerning the process of evolution, whereas living species supply information on the product of evolution. Unfortunately, the fossil record is partial and fragmented, and often cannot support validations for specific evolutionary hypotheses. Living…
  • Human Paleoneurology and the Evolution of the Parietal Cortex. [Review]
    Brain Behav Evol 2018; 91(3):136-147Bruner E
  • Paleoneurology deals with the study of brain anatomy in fossil species, as inferred from the morphology of their endocranial features. When compared with other living and extinct hominids, Homo sapiens is characterized by larger parietal bones and, according to the paleoneurological evidence, also by larger parietal lobes. The dorsal elements of the posterior parietal cortex (superior parietal lo…
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