- Phylogenetic supertree and functional trait database for all extant parrots. [Journal Article]
- DBData Brief 2019; 24:103882
- We present a complete dataset from the literature on functional traits including morphological measurements, dietary information, foraging strategy, and foraging location for all 398 extant species o…
We present a complete dataset from the literature on functional traits including morphological measurements, dietary information, foraging strategy, and foraging location for all 398 extant species of parrots. The morphological measurements include: mass, total length, wing chord, culmen length, tarsus length, and tail length. The diet data describe whether each species is known to consume particular food items (e.g. nectar, berries, and carrion), foraging strategy data describes how each species captures or accesses food, and foraging location data describe the habitat from which each species finds food (e.g. ground, canopy, and subcanopy). We also present a time-calibrated phylogenetic supertree that contains all 398 extant species as well as 15 extinct species (413 total species). These data are hosted on the Figshare data depository (https://figshare.com/s/6cdf8cf00793deab7ba6).
- Progressive brain structural changes after the first year of treatment in first-episode treatment-naive patients with deficit or nondeficit schizophrenia. [Journal Article]
- PRPsychiatry Res Neuroimaging 2019 Jun 30; 288:12-20
- Progressive brain volume atrophy has been reported in patients with schizophrenia. However, whether this progress differs between patients with primary negative symptoms (deficit schizophrenia; DS) a…
Progressive brain volume atrophy has been reported in patients with schizophrenia. However, whether this progress differs between patients with primary negative symptoms (deficit schizophrenia; DS) and those without such symptoms (nondeficit schizophrenia; NDS) is unknown. Here, we examined grey matter volume (GMV) and white matter volume (WMV) changes over 12 months in 34 first-episode treatment-naive patients with schizophrenia (14 DS and 20 NDS) and 32 healthy controls (HCs) using structural magnetic resonance imaging and voxel-based morphometry. At baseline, compared to HCs, patients with DS but not NDS had less WMV in bilateral posterior limb of the internal capsule (PLIC) and cerebellar tonsil (P < 0.05, FDR corrected) and smaller GMV in the cerebellar culmen (P < 0.05, FWE corrected). At follow-up, NDS group showed WMV reduction in bilateral PLIC (P < 0.05, FDR corrected), while DS group showed no progressive WMV changes. While both patient groups exhibited GMV reduction in the hippocampus and insular cortex, patients with NDS showed additional GMV loss in the frontal and cingulate cortex and a selective increase in GMV in the left thalamus (P < 0.05 FWE corrected). Our study revealed double dissociations in developmental brain volume changes in the first year after clinical contact for psychosis in DS versus NDS patients.
- Altered gray matter volume in patients with herpes zoster and postherpetic neuralgia. [Journal Article]
- JPJ Pain Res 2019; 12:605-616
- CONCLUSIONS: The VBM method revealed widespread GMV abnormalities in HZ and PHN patients. The brains of PHN patients have broader abnormalities in nonpain-related regions, suggesting the complexity of a central mechanism. When PHN patients were compared with HZ patients, the left cerebellar tonsil, culmen, and left lentiform nucleus corresponded to greater area under the curve, suggesting that abnormalities in these regions are risk factors for HZ patients' transformation to PHN.
- Shared and Distinct Neural Bases of Large- and Small-Scale Spatial Ability: A Coordinate-Based Activation Likelihood Estimation Meta-Analysis. [Journal Article]
- FNFront Neurosci 2018; 12:1021
- Background: Spatial ability is vital for human survival and development. However, the relationship between large-scale and small-scale spatial ability remains poorly understood. To address this issu…
Background: Spatial ability is vital for human survival and development. However, the relationship between large-scale and small-scale spatial ability remains poorly understood. To address this issue from a novel perspective, we performed an activation likelihood estimation (ALE) meta-analysis of neuroimaging studies to determine the shared and distinct neural bases of these two forms of spatial ability. Methods: We searched Web of Science, PubMed, PsycINFO, and Google Scholar for studies regarding "spatial ability" published within the last 20 years (January 1988 through June 2018). A final total of 103 studies (Table 1) involving 2,085 participants (male = 1,116) and 2,586 foci were incorporated into the meta-analysis. Results: Large-scale spatial ability was associated with activation in the limbic lobe, posterior lobe, occipital lobe, parietal lobe, right anterior lobe, frontal lobe, and right sub-lobar area. Small-scale spatial ability was associated with activation in the parietal lobe, occipital lobe, frontal lobe, right posterior lobe, and left sub-lobar area. Furthermore, conjunction analysis revealed overlapping regions in the sub-gyrus, right superior frontal gyrus, right superior parietal lobule, right middle occipital gyrus, right superior occipital gyrus, left inferior occipital gyrus, and precuneus. The contrast analysis demonstrated that the parahippocampal gyrus, left lingual gyrus, culmen, right middle temporal gyrus, left declive, left superior occipital gyrus, and right lentiform nucleus were more strongly activated during large-scale spatial tasks. In contrast, the precuneus, right inferior frontal gyrus, right precentral gyrus, left inferior parietal lobule, left supramarginal gyrus, left superior parietal lobule, right inferior occipital gyrus, and left middle frontal gyrus were more strongly activated during small-scale spatial tasks. Our results further indicated that there is no absolute difference in the cognitive strategies associated with the two forms of spatial ability (egocentric/allocentric). Conclusion: The results of the present study verify and expand upon the theoretical model of spatial ability proposed by Hegarty et al. Our analysis revealed a shared neural basis between large- and small-scale spatial abilities, as well as specific yet independent neural bases underlying each. Based on these findings, we proposed a more comprehensive version of the behavioral model.
- fMRI Stroop and behavioral treatment for cocaine-dependence: Preliminary findings in methadone-maintained individuals. [Journal Article]
- ABAddict Behav 2019; 89:10-14
- CONCLUSIONS: Diminished Stroop-related activity following treatment may be consistent with improved efficiency of cognitive-control-related activity. Although preliminary, this study is the first to demonstrate a relationship between better treatment outcomes (lower cocaine use during treatment) and greater reduction in Stroop-related activity at post- versus beginning-of-treatment in cocaine users. These findings extend prior work.
- Neural correlates of creative insight: Amplitude of low-frequency fluctuation of resting-state brain activity predicts creative insight. [Journal Article]
- PlosPLoS One 2018; 13(8):e0203071
- Creative insight has attracted much attention across cultures. Although previous studies have explored the neural correlates of creative insight by functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), littl…
Creative insight has attracted much attention across cultures. Although previous studies have explored the neural correlates of creative insight by functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), little is known about intrinsic resting-state brain activity associated with creative insight. In the present study, we used amplitude of low-frequency fluctuation (ALFF) as an index in resting-state fMRI (rs-fMRI) to identify brain regions involved in individual differences in creative insight, which was measured by the response time of creative Chinese character chunk decomposition. Our results showed that ALFF in the superior frontal gyrus (SFG) positively predicted creative insight, while ALFF in the middle cingulate cortex/insula cortex (MCC/IC), superior temporal gyrus/angular gyrus (STG/AG), anterior cingulate cortex/caudate nucleus (ACC/CN), and culmen/declive (CU/DC) negatively predicted creative insight. Moreover, these findings indicate that spontaneous brain activity in multiple regions related to breaking mental sets, solutions exploring, evaluation of novel solutions, forming task-related associations, and emotion experience contributes to creative insight. In conclusion, the present study provides new evidence to further understand the cognitive processing and neural correlates of creative insight.
- Seizure-Related Cortical Volume Alterations in Alzheimer's Disease: A Preliminary Study. [Journal Article]
- JEJ Epilepsy Res 2018; 8(1):33-40
- CONCLUSIONS: Our findings revealed that smaller temporal region volumes are predictive of cognitive dysfunction in AD patients with seizures. Given that these temporal areas overlap with regions showing abnormal brain activities in AD patients with seizures, these results suggest synergistic effects of AD and seizures on cortical volume and cognitive function.
- Relationship between ambient light and glucose metabolism in healthy subjects. [Journal Article]
- BNBMC Neurosci 2018 07 24; 19(1):44
- CONCLUSIONS: The present findings suggest that the uptake of [18F]-FDG is significantly and inversely associated with ambient light in the left cerebellar vermis in healthy subjects. The cerebellar vermis may be involved in mood suppression which may be alleviated by light exposure where glucose uptake and metabolism in this area are decreased. Trial Registration This study is a secondary analysis of the previous randomized study which was registered as UMIN000007537. Retrospectively registered (March 20th, 2012).
- Cerebellar atrophy in different subtypes of Parkinson's disease. [Journal Article]
- JNJ Neurol Sci 2018 09 15; 392:105-112
- CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that cerebellar changes are involved in PD. It also supports a possible role of the cerebellum in the depressive and anxious symptoms in PD.
New Search Next
- Neural correlates of cognitive function and symptoms in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in adults. [Journal Article]
- NCNeuroimage Clin 2018; 19:374-383
- While gray matter (GM) anomalies have been reported for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), investigating their associations with cognitive deficits and individual symptom domains can he…
While gray matter (GM) anomalies have been reported for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), investigating their associations with cognitive deficits and individual symptom domains can help pinpoint the neural underpinnings critical for the pathology of ADHD, particularly the persist form of ADHD. In this work, we performed both independent component analysis and voxel-based morphometry analysis on whole brain GM of 486 adults including 214 patients, 96 unaffected siblings, and 176 healthy controls, in relation to cognition and symptoms. Independent component analysis revealed that higher GM volume in inferior semilunar lobule, inferior frontal gyri, and superior and middle frontal gyri was associated with better working memory performance, and lower GM volume in cerebellar tonsil and culmen was associated with more severe inattention symptoms. Consistently, voxel-based morphometry analysis showed that higher GM volume in multiple regions of frontal lobe, cerebellum and temporal lobe was related to better working memory performance. Focusing on the networks derived from ICA, our results integrated prefrontal regions and cerebellar regions through associations with working memory and inattention symptoms, lending support for the theory of 'cool'-cognition dysfunction being mediated by inferior fronto-striato-cerebellar networks in ADHD. Siblings showed intermediate cognitive impairments between patients and controls but presented GM anomalies in unique focal regions, suggesting they are a separate group potentially affected by the shared genetic and environmental risks with ADHD patients.