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124 results
  • Traditional uses, processing methods, phytochemistry, pharmacology and quality control of Dipsacus asper Wall. ex C.B. Clarke: A review. [Review]
    J Ethnopharmacol. 2020 Aug 10; 258:112912.Tao Y, Chen L, Yan J
  • CONCLUSIONS: Diaphoretic processing resulted in the drop in the content of asperosaponin VI, which was highly associated with bone protective effect of DA. Therefore, diaphoretic processing was not a suitable processing method for DA. Although Dipsacus asper Wall. ex C.B. Clarke was traditionally used for therapy of osteoarthritis, the in-depth study of the underlying mechanism was very rare. Much endeavor had been made on the effect of DA on bone fracture. Notably, high-dose of Dipsacus asper administration may cause adverse impacts in maternal healthy and embryo-fetal development. It's not suitable for further development in those bioactivities, such as anti-inflammatory and free radical scavenging, which are shared in many other plant species. Pharmacological effects of individual component of DA is not equivalent to its traditional usage. Attention should be paid to the traditional effect of extract of DA.
  • Fitting a Square Peg in a Round Hole: A Simple Case of Chest Pain. [Journal Article]
    Clin Pract Cases Emerg Med. 2020 Feb; 4(1):1-7.McLean ME, Beck-Esmay J
  • A 39-year-old female presents to the emergency department with chest pain and shortness of breath. Her electrocardiogram suggests ST-elevation myocardial infarction, but she has no atherosclerotic risk factors. She is gravida 4, para 4, and four weeks postpartum from uncomplicated vaginal delivery. She is diaphoretic and anxious, but otherwise her exam is unremarkable. Cardiac enzymes are markedl…
  • Pseudogout Mimicking Aortic Dissection: A Case Report. [Case Reports]
    Cureus. 2019 Nov 26; 11(11):e6239.Maloney KD, Balakumar A, … Zhang XC
  • Calcium pyrophosphate dihydrate (CPPD) crystal deposition disease or pseudogout is an idiopathic articular disease that predominantly affects elderly patients. It is caused by a systemic deposition of calcium pyrophosphate (CPP) crystals in the articular and hyaline joint cartilage. The majority of cases present as chronic arthritis, but a subset of CPPD can present as rapid onset of sharp pain a…
  • Rebound metabolic acidosis following intentional amygdalin supplement overdose. [Journal Article]
    Clin Toxicol (Phila). 2020 Apr; 58(4):290-293.Shively RM, Harding SA, … Manini AF
  • Introduction: Amygdalin, marketed misleadingly as supplement "Vitamin B17," is a cyanogenic glycoside. When swallowed, it is hydrolyzed into cyanide in the small intestine, which causes histotoxic hypoxia via inhibition of cytochrome c oxidase. It remains available for purchase online despite a ban from the US Food and Drug Administration. We report a case of massive intentional amygdalin overdos…
  • Peculiar mechanical complication of myocardial infarction. [Journal Article]
    Heart Asia. 2019; 11(1):e011156.Mathen PG, Ghosh GC, Thomson VS
  • A 58-year-old man presented to the chest pain unit with crescendo angina over 24 hours and worsening dyspnoea of 10 hours duration. He was a known diabetic and hypertensive on regular treatment for 10 years and a habitual smoker with over 15 pack-years smoking duration. Examination revealed a profusely diaphoretic and dyspnoeic (respiratory rate of 45/min) individual with a blood pressure of 100/…
  • Serotonin syndrome unmasking thyrotoxicosis. [Case Reports]
    BMJ Case Rep. 2019 Mar 07; 12(3)Ronan GP, Ronan N, … Browne G
  • A 26-year-old cachectic man presented with an altered mental status. He was agitated, tremulous, hyperthermic and diaphoretic with largely dilated pupils. Collateral history revealed acute ingestion of 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine on a background of chronic drug abuse. His condition deteriorated requiring sedation and intubation with transfer to the intensive care unit. A diagnosis of seroto…
  • Paraneoplastic Encephalopathy in a Patient With Metastatic Lung Cancer: A Case Study. [Review]
    J Adv Pract Oncol. 2018 Mar; 9(2):216-221.Rowley SM
  • CASE STUDY RS, a 36-year-old female, presented to the emergency department (ED) of a large academic medical center upon the advice of her primary care provider because of 3 weeks of progressive mental status changes, weakness, and decreased oral intake. According to her husband, RS was diagnosed with stage IIIA large cell lung cancer 8 months earlier and was treated with concurrent chemotherapy (…
  • Analgesic, anti-inflammatory and diuretic activities of Macrotyloma uniflorum (Lam.) Verdc. [Journal Article]
    Pak J Pharm Sci. 2018 Sep; 31(5):1859-1863.Ashraf J, Baig SG, … Hasan MM
  • Macrotyloma uniflorum (Lam.) Verdc. (Papilionaceae) is commonly known as Horse gram and Kulthi. The seeds are reported as anthelmintic, diaphoretic, diuretic and emmenagogue. It is also useful in asthma, bronchitis and urolithiasis. In the present study, analgesic, anti-inflammatory and diuretic effects of the methanol extract of Macrotyloma uniflorum seeds were evaluated in doses of 200 and 400m…
  • Cytotoxicity of white birch bud extracts: Perspectives for therapy of tumours. [Journal Article]
    PLoS One. 2018; 13(8):e0201949.Isidorov V, Szoka Ł, Nazaruk J
  • Birch buds (Gemmae Betulae) are widely used in Russian and Chinese traditional medicine mainly as a diuretic and diaphoretic agent but also as an antiseptic, anti-inflammatory and analgesic. Despite the long history of therapeutic use of birch buds in folk medicine, the existing information on their chemical composition and pharmacological effects is insufficient. This circumstance warrants furth…
  • Cycling Induced Spontaneous Coronary Artery Dissection in a Healthy Male. [Case Reports]
    Case Rep Emerg Med. 2018; 2018:2740513.Jafri FN, Solarz D, Hjemdahl-Monsen C
  • CONCLUSIONS: SCAD is a rare cause of myocardial infarction, occurring in healthy individuals, which is rarely reported in the literature. Nearly 70% are diagnosed in postmortem studies after sudden cardiac death. Only 12 cases have been reported from activities involving physical exertion and no studies to our knowledge demonstrate this.
  • Bioactive properties of Sambucus nigra L. as a functional ingredient for food and pharmaceutical industry. [Review]
    J Funct Foods. 2018 Jan; 40:377-390.Młynarczyk K, Walkowiak-Tomczak D, Łysiak GP
  • European black elderberry naturally occurs in most of Europe and has been introduced into various parts of the world for fruit and flower production. Elderberry is rich in nutrients, such as carbohydrates, proteins, fats, fatty acids, organic acids, minerals, vitamins and essential oils. Elderberry also contains cyanogenic glycosides which are potentially toxic. Polyphenols, known for their free …
  • Is right atrioventricular valve always tricuspid? [Case Reports]
    Echocardiography. 2017 Nov; 34(11):1712-1713.Guner A, Kılıcgedik A, … Kahveci G
  • A 71-year-old male with a medical history of hypertension was admitted to emergency department with hypertensive pulmonary edema. The patient appeared anxious and diaphoretic, and physical examination revealed tachypnea, crepitant rales in the both lungs and a systolic ejection murmur at the right sternal border, radiating to the both carotid arteries. The electrocardiography showed sinus tachyca…
  • Is There a Role for Diaphoresis Therapy for Advanced Chronic Kidney Disease Patients? [Review]
    J Ren Nutr. 2017 09; 27(5):295-302.Hanafusa N, Lodebo BT, … Kopple JD
  • Diaphoresis therapy to remove water and solutes for the treatment of advanced chronic kidney disease (CKD) and chronic dialysis patients is an inadequately characterized treatment that was first reported over 50 years ago. Intensive diaphoresis, induced by heat treatment with saunas (dry heat) or hot baths (wet heat), can substantially increase cutaneous losses of water, urea, sodium, potassium, …
  • Exploration of Underlying Mechanism of Anti-adipogenic Activity of Sulfuretin. [Journal Article]
    Biol Pharm Bull. 2017 Sep 01; 40(9):1366-1373.Lamichhane R, Kim SG, … Jung HJ
  • Sulfuretin is a natural flavonoid found in the plant Rhus verniciflua STOKES. The plant has been traditionally used as medicinal agent for antiviral, cathartic, diaphoretic, anti-rheumatic and sedative activities in East Asia. In this study we isolated and identified sulfuretin from R. verniciflua and investigated its anti-adipogenic activity against 3T3-L1 preadipocytes cells. We evaluated the e…
  • A review of the ethnopharmacology, phytochemistry and pharmacology of Notopterygium incisum. [Review]
    J Ethnopharmacol. 2017 Apr 18; 202:241-255.Azietaku JT, Ma H, … Chang YX
  • CONCLUSIONS: In this paper, we have reviewed various researches conducted on N. incisum especially in areas of its ethnopharmacological use, phytochemicals, pharmacology and developed analytical methods. This herb has been used over the years in treating headache, rheumatoid arthritis, cold, diaphoretic etc, prompting many types of research into identifying which compounds are responsible for these activities and their mechanism of action. More research is needed in the area of pharmacokinetics and toxicology to give further information on the clinical use and control the quality of the herb.
  • Triterpenoid Acids as Important Antiproliferative Constituents of European Elderberry Fruits. [Journal Article]
    Nutr Cancer. 2017 May-Jun; 69(4):643-651.Gleńsk M, Czapińska E, … Seweryn E
  • In Europe, both the fruits and flowers of Sambucus nigra L. have been used against cold, as well as laxative, diaphoretic, and diuretic remedies. There are also a number of commercially available food products that contain elderberry juice, puréed or dried elderberries. Recent comprehensive literature data on pharmacology and chemistry of Sambuci fructus have encouraged us to screen extracts with…
  • Managing Opioid Withdrawal for Hospital Patients in Custody. [Journal Article]
    Hastings Cent Rep. 2017 Mar; 47(2):9-10.Shi CR, Kandola MS, … Singer E
  • Dr. Brown, a hospitalist, admits Mark, a patient transferred from a local jail for management of cellulitis. The patient, who was taken into custody two days prior to hospital admission, has a history of intravenous heroin use. Mark explains that he had been prescribed buprenorphine-naloxone maintenance therapy for opioid use disorder for several years prior to being arrested and had not used oth…
  • A case of recent myocardial infarction with cardiac failure. [Case Reports]
    Heart. 2017 04; 103(7):508-516.Nair A, Sajeev CG, Muneer K
  • A 50-year-old hypertensive smoker presented with a typical angina of 2 days duration. An urgent ECG revealed extensive anterior wall myocardial infarction. In view of the delayed presentation, the patient was conservatively managed with heparin. In-hospital echocardiogram showed akinesia of entire left anterior descending artery (LAD) territory with severe left ventricular (LV) dysfunction. He wa…
  • Acute gastric volvulus: a deadly but commonly forgotten complication of hiatal hernia. [Case Reports]
    Autops Case Rep. 2016 Jan-Mar; 6(1):21-6.Imperatore K, Olivieri B, Vincentelli C
  • Gastric volvulus is a rare condition resulting from rotation of the stomach beyond 180 degrees. It is a difficult condition to diagnose, mostly because it is rarely considered. Furthermore, the imaging findings are often subtle resulting in many cases being diagnosed at the time of surgery or, as in our case, at autopsy. We present the case of a 76-year-old man with an extensive medical history, …
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