- Endocrine disruptors and prostate cancer. [Journal Article]
- AEArch Esp Urol 2017; 70(3):331-335
- CONCLUSIONS: The problem with these toxic agents is that their peculiarities and way of acting over time make their study difficult. Nonetheless, research must be encouraged given their importance.
- Methylomic changes in individuals with psychosis, prenatally exposed to endocrine disrupting compounds: Lessons from diethylstilbestrol. [Journal Article]
- PlosPLoS One 2017; 12(4):e0174783
- CONCLUSIONS: In utero exposure to DES was not associated with methylation changes at specific CpG or regions. In exposed individuals, however, psychosis was associated with specific methylomic modifications that could impact neurodevelopment and neuroplasticity.
- Highly Sensitive Detection of Bisphenol A by NanoAptamer Assay with Truncated Aptamer. [Journal Article]
- AAACS Appl Mater Interfaces 2017 Apr 20
- For the sensitive quantification of bisphenol A (BPA), we have developed NanoAptamer assay, which employs aptamer and complementary signaling DNA, a set of quantum dots (QD), and magnetic beads (MBs)...
For the sensitive quantification of bisphenol A (BPA), we have developed NanoAptamer assay, which employs aptamer and complementary signaling DNA, a set of quantum dots (QD), and magnetic beads (MBs). Signaling DNA-QD655 was tethered to MB-QD565 via the aptamer. The affinity of the aptamer to BPA resulted in the release of the signaling DNA-QD655 from the complex and hence the corresponding decrease in the QD655 fluorescence measurement signal. Three new aptamers (23, 58, and 24-mer) were designed via truncation of the reference aptamer (73-mer). The sensitivity and selectivity of each aptamer for BPA detection via NanoAptamer assay were investigated. One of the truncated aptamers (24-mer) has shown a significantly better performance (limit of detection, LOD, 0.17 pg/mL) than the reference 73-mer aptamer (LOD, 570 pg/mL). It has also shown the best selectivity for BPA detection over BPA analogues (i.e., bisphenol B, bisphenol C, and diethylstilbestrol). It corresponded to a normalized fluorescence change of 33.7% at the environmentally relevant concentration of 1 ng/mL (1 ppb) BPA; however, the analogues remained unchanged (2.3-3.9%).
- Multiresidue determination of estrogens in different dairy products by ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography triple quadrupole mass spectrometry. [Journal Article]
- JCJ Chromatogr A 2017 May 05; 1496:58-67
- In this work, a simple and fast methodology has been validated and applied for the analysis of a group of 22 estrogenic compounds including eight phytoestrogens (i.e. daidzein, enterodiol, glycitein,...
In this work, a simple and fast methodology has been validated and applied for the analysis of a group of 22 estrogenic compounds including eight phytoestrogens (i.e. daidzein, enterodiol, glycitein, enterolactone, genistein, formononetin, prunetin, biochanin A), six mycotoxins (β-zearalanol, β-zearalenol, α-zearalanol, α-zearalenol, zearalanone, zearalenone) as well as four synthetic (i.e. ethynylestradiol, diethylstilbestrol, dienestrol, hexestrol) and four natural estrogens (i.e. estriol, 17β-estradiol, 17α-estradiol, estrone) in different dairy products. Extraction was carried out using the QuEChERS method while separation, determination and quantification of the target analytes were achieved by ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography coupled to triple quadrupole mass spectrometry with an electrospray ionization interface. The methodology was validated for four dairy product samples with relevant interest for the population including skimmed and whole cheese and goat and cow kefir, using 17β-estradiol-2,4,16,16,17-d5 as internal standard for natural and synthetic estrogens and β-zeralanol-10,10,11,12,12-d5 as internal standard for mycotoxins and phytoestrogens. Recovery ranged from 70 to 119% for the four types of matrices with RSD values lower than 14% and the limits of quantification of the method achieved were in the range 0.025-2.50μg/kg for all samples. Finally, the analysis of commercially available products was carried out finding the presence of daidzein, glycitein enterolactone and genistein in some of the studied samples.
- Using quantum chemical modeling and calculations for evaluation of cellulose potential for estrogen micropollutants removal from water effluents. [Journal Article]
- CChemosphere 2017; 178:411-423
- This paper is devoted to investigate the suitability of cellulose for estrogens micropollutants removal from water effluent. For this purpose, the sorption of eight estrogens including Estradiol, Est...
This paper is devoted to investigate the suitability of cellulose for estrogens micropollutants removal from water effluent. For this purpose, the sorption of eight estrogens including Estradiol, Estrone, Testosterone, Progesterone, Estriol, Mestranol, Ethinylestradiol and Diethylstilbestrol were investigated. The charge density profiles and sorption curves were obtained and discussed using quantum chemical calculations where the Accelrys Materials Studio software and COSMO-SAC model were employed. The geometry optimization of compound molecule and energy minimizations was performed using the Dmol3 Module and density functional theory of generalized gradient approximate and Volsko-Wilk-Nusair functional. We found that cellulose cannot be a reliable choice of sorbent for removal of Estrone and Estradiol, but it is a poor choice of sorbent for removal of Estriol, Ethinylestradiol. Cellulose can be used for Diethylstilbestrol, Mestranol, Testosterone and Progesterone removal from estrogens containing effluents.
- Letter to the editor concerning the cancer risk in women exposed to diethylstilbestrol in utero. [Letter]
- TTherapie 2016 Oct 18
- Answer to UCB letter to the editor concerning "cancer risk in women exposed to diethylstilbestrol in utero". [Letter]
- TTherapie 2016 Oct 18
- Perinatal Exposure to Low-Dose Bisphenol-A Disrupts the Structural and Functional Development of the Hypothalamic Feeding Circuitry. [Journal Article]
- EEndocrinology 2017 Apr 01; 158(4):768-777
- Bisphenol-A (BPA) is a component of polycarbonate and other plastics to which humans are regularly exposed at low levels. BPA is characterized as an endocrine disruptor because of observations of its...
Bisphenol-A (BPA) is a component of polycarbonate and other plastics to which humans are regularly exposed at low levels. BPA is characterized as an endocrine disruptor because of observations of its estrogenic activity in various experimental models. We have previously shown evidence of disrupted hypothalamic feeding circuitry and leptin sensitivity in adult BPA-exposed animals subjected to a high-fat diet, but because these animals were already exhibiting a diet-induced obese phenotype, we could not rule out the possibility that these observations were simply consequences of the obesity, not a preexisting phenotype produced by BPA exposure. Here, we studied leptin sensitivity and hypothalamic structure in young BPA-exposed animals before the onset of a body weight or metabolic phenotype. Pregnant and lactating CD-1 mice were exposed to either BPA or diethylstilbestrol (DES) at low, environmentally relevant doses via their diet. Studies of leptin function and neurobiology were conducted on offspring at several time points. Young adult offspring from this experiment were resistant to leptin-induced suppression of food intake, body weight loss, and hypothalamic pro-opiomelanocortin (POMC) upregulation. Both male and female BPA-exposed mice showed a reduced density of POMC projections into the paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus (PVN). BPA- and DES-exposed pups had respectively delayed and blunted postnatal leptin surges, and POMC projections into the PVN were rescued in female BPA-exposed animals given daily injections of supplemental leptin. Our findings suggest that BPA, a putative obesogen, may exert its effects through developmental programming of the hypothalamic melanocortin circuitry, permanently altering the neurobiology of metabolic homeostasis.
- Diethylstilbestrol induces oxidative DNA damage, resulting in apoptosis of spermatogonial stem cells in vitro. [Journal Article]
- TToxicology 2017 Mar 14; 382:117-121
- The spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs) are the only germline stem cells in adults that are responsible for the transmission of genetic information from mammals to the next generation. SSCs play a very ...
The spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs) are the only germline stem cells in adults that are responsible for the transmission of genetic information from mammals to the next generation. SSCs play a very important role in the maintenance of progression of spermatogenesis and help provide an understanding of the reproductive biology of future gametes and a strategy for diagnosis and treatment of infertility and male reproductive toxicity. Androgens/oestrogens are very important for the suitable maintenance of male germ cells. There is also evidence confirming the damaging effects of oestrogen-like compounds on male reproductive health. We investigated the effects in vitro, of diethylstilbestrol (DES) on mouse spermatogonial stem cells separated using Staput unit-gravity velocity sedimentation, evaluating any DNA damage using the Comet assay and apoptotic cells in the TUNEL assay. Immunocytochemistry assays showed that the purity of isolated mouse spermatogonial cells was 90%, and the viability of these isolated cells was over 96%. Intracellular superoxide anion production (O2(-)) in SSCs was detected using p-Nitro Blue Tetrazolium (NBT) assay. The viability of cells after DES treatment was examined in the CCK8 (cell counting kit-8) cytotoxicity assay. The results showed that DES-induced DNA damage causes an increase in intracellular superoxide anions which are reduced by the flavonoid, quercetin. Investigating the molecular mechanisms and biology of SSCs provides a better understanding of spermatogonial stem cell regulation in the testis.
New Search Next
- Clear cell adenocarcinoma of cervix in 1-year-old girl without in utero exposure to diethylstilbestrol: an uncommon tumour at an uncommon age and site. [Journal Article]
- BCBMJ Case Rep 2017 Mar 16; 2017
- Adenocarcinoma of cervix constitutes about 10-15% cases of carcinoma cervix. Clear cell variant is even a rarer variant of adenocarcinoma. It rarely occurs in the paediatric age group and a known ris...
Adenocarcinoma of cervix constitutes about 10-15% cases of carcinoma cervix. Clear cell variant is even a rarer variant of adenocarcinoma. It rarely occurs in the paediatric age group and a known risk factor is in utero exposure to diethylstilbestrol (DES). We report here a case of primary cervical tumour in a 1-year-old girl, which was initially suspected to be an embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma botryoides. Histopathology with immunohistochemical analysis revealed clear cell adenocarcinoma. There was no maternal history of DES intake during pregnancy. We discuss the histopathological characteristics and clinical course of this unusual tumour.