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1,067 results
  • Beyond Haeckel's Law: Walter Garstang and the Evolutionary Biology that Might Have Been. [Journal Article]
    J Hist Biol. 2020 May 07 [Online ahead of print]Esposito M
  • At the beginning of the twentieth century Haeckel's biogenetic law was widely questioned. On the one hand, there were those who wanted to dismiss it altogether: ontogeny and phylogeny did not have any systematic or interesting relation. On the other hand, there were those who sought to revise it. They argued that while Haeckel's recapitulationism might have been erroneous, this should not deter t…
  • Clinical trials and the COVID-19 pandemic. [Journal Article]
    Hell J Nucl Med. 2020 Jan-Apr; 23(1):4-5.Retsas S
  • "...but why think? Why not try the experiment?..." John Hunter (1728-1793), in a letter to Edward Jenner. August 2nd, 1775. When Galen of Pergamum (2nd c. A.D.), physician, philosopher and experimentalist, sought to ascertain the therapeutic properties of Theriac, an antidote of repute against poisons, he resorted to an experiment. Theriac or Theriaca was a compound drug, containing in some versi…
  • Low-dose X-ray imaging may increase the risk of neurodegenerative diseases. [Journal Article]
    Med Hypotheses. 2020 Apr 13; 142:109726.Rodgers CC
  • The hypothesis presented here explores the possibility that X-ray imaging commonly used in dental practices may be a shared risk factor for sporadic dementias and motor-neuron diseases. As the evidence will suggest, the brain is ill-equipped to manage the intrusion of low-dose ionizing radiation (IR) beyond that which is naturally occurring. When the brain's antioxidant defenses are overwhelmed b…
  • Use of Robotic Technology in the Management of Complex Colorectal Pathology. [Journal Article]
    Mo Med. 2020 Mar-Apr; 117(2):149-153.Wunker C, Montenegro G
  • Use of robotic surgery is increasing in multiple surgical specialties including colorectal. We argue that the improved visualization and better instrumentation outweigh the increased cost and operating room time. However, the indications for its use are not clearly defined. This is especially true in complex pathologies such as rectal cancer and complicated diverticulitis. We explore the limited …
  • Action Effects on Visual Perception of Distances: A Multilevel Bayesian Meta-Analysis. [Journal Article]
    Psychol Sci. 2020 May; 31(5):488-504.Molto L, Nalborczyk L, … Morgado N
  • Previous studies have suggested that action constraints influence visual perception of distances. For instance, the greater the effort to cover a distance, the longer people perceive this distance to be. The present multilevel Bayesian meta-analysis (37 studies with 1,035 total participants) supported the existence of a small action-constraint effect on distance estimation, Hedges's g = 0.29, 95%…
  • Pulmonary vein occlusion and veno-occlusive disease in a bilateral lung transplant patient: A case report. [Case Reports]
    Respir Med Case Rep. 2020; 30:101031.Wang X, Zheng K, … Allen T
  • A pulmonary vein occlusion and biopsy proven pulmonary veno-occlusive disease (PVOD) and hemangiomatosis is found in a bilateral lung transplant patient. A 61-year-old male presents with dyspnea and chest pain with minimal exertion at routine follow up on post-transplant day of 50. Chest CT demonstrates new occlusion of bilateral superior pulmonary veins and diffuse pulmonary edema. Pulmonary vei…
  • Successful Treatment of Insulin Allergy with Desensitization Therapy: A Case Report and Literature Review. [Case Reports]
    Iran J Allergy Asthma Immunol. 2019 Oct 23; 18(5):572-583.Elfekih H, Hadjkacem F, … Abid M
  • Insulin therapy is an essential treatment for type 1 and uncontrolled type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM). Hypersensitivity reactions have been described since the first administration of insulin, the same as any other therapy. Despite being a rare situation nowadays, it requires careful intra-hospital monitoring and multidisciplinary management. Here, we present a case of a 57-year-old patient with ty…
  • "Stronger Is Better": Gale Gillingham, the Weight-Trained Green Bay Packer All-Pro. [Journal Article]
    J Strength Cond Res. 2020 May; 34(5):1201-1212.Shurley JP
  • Shurley, JP. "Stronger is better": Gale Gillingham, the weight-trained Green Bay Packer all-pro. J Strength Cond Res 34(5): 1201-1212, 2020-In the 1960s, many sport coaches advised their athletes not to lift weights, with some going so far as to threaten to dismiss or punish any who were caught engaging in such training. Their advice or threats were well intentioned as both were prompted by fears…
  • Evaluation of confounding in epidemiologic studies assessing alcohol consumption on the risk of ischemic heart disease. [Journal Article]
    BMC Med Res Methodol. 2020 Mar 14; 20(1):64.Wallach JD, Serghiou S, … Ioannidis JPA
  • CONCLUSIONS: There is large variation in the confounders considered across observational studies evaluating the impact of alcohol on ischemic heart disease risk and almost all studies spuriously ignore or eventually dismiss confounding in their conclusions. Given that study results and interpretations may be affected by the mix of potential confounders included within multivariate models, efforts are necessary to standardize approaches for selecting and accounting for confounders in observational studies.
  • Nurses' Perspectives on the Dismissal of Vaccine-Refusing Families From Pediatric and Family Care Practices. [Journal Article]
    Am J Health Promot. 2020 Feb 20 [Online ahead of print]Deem MJ, Kronk RA, … Lucas D
  • CONCLUSIONS: Almost all nurses working in primary care encounter vaccine refusal, and most consider all Centers for Disease Control and Prevention-recommended childhood vaccines to be important to public health. There is significant polarization of nurses' attitudes toward the appropriateness of dismissal as a response to vaccine refusal. We recommend the development of professional nursing guidelines for responding to vaccine refusal. However, because there are no data on the community health impact of dismissal policies, we recommend further research on outcomes of dismissal policies to inform such guidelines.
  • Minilaparotomic incision for haemorrhagic corpus luteum: a case report. [Journal Article]
    G Chir. 2020 Jan-Feb; 41(1):110-113.Leanza V, Mininni C, … Palumbo M
  • Corpus luteum cyst rupture with consequent hemoperitoneum is a common cause of admission to the emergency room. This condition is frequently misdiagnosed because of overlapping of clinical findings in acute gynecologic diseases. However, an incorrect identification may lead to delay in surgical treatment, which can Romabe a life-threatening condition. Ultrasound (US) is the first technique used f…
  • Eudaimonia and well-being: questioning the moral authority of advance directives in dementia. [Journal Article]
    Theor Med Bioeth. 2020 Feb; 41(1):23-37.Byers P
  • This paper revisits Ronald Dworkin's influential position that a person's advance directive for future health care and medical treatment retains its moral authority beyond the onset of dementia, even when respecting this authority involves foreshortening the life of someone who is happy and content and who no longer remembers or identifies with instructions included within the advance directive. …
  • Drug Liver Injury Induced by Olmesartan Mediated by Autoimmune-Like Mechanism: A Case Report. [Journal Article]
    Eur J Case Rep Intern Med. 2020; 7(1):001407.de la Torre-Aláez M, Iñarrairaegui M
  • Autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) was the first liver disease for which an effective therapeutic intervention was carried out, using prednisolone; its usefulness was demonstrated in several clinical trials. Nevertheless, AIH still remains a difficult diagnosis in some cases, because it is necessary to dismiss other possible diagnoses, and perhaps due to it being a heterogeneous disease. The relationship…
  • Retained sponges in abdomen: an analysis of the judgments of the Italian Supreme Court. [Journal Article]
    G Chir. 2019 Jul-Aug; 40(4):290-297.Gioia S, Lancia M, … Carlini L
  • The administration of justice in Italy includes first, second and third instance. The first and second instances are represented by the Court of First Instance and the Court of Appeal: these are judgment of Romamerit. The court of last appeal for both the civil and the criminal jurisdiction is the Court of Cassation, the Italian Supreme Court. It is a court of legitimacy that should provide for a…
  • Oral granular cell tumour: A multicentric study of 56 cases and a systematic review. [Journal Article]
    Oral Dis. 2020 Jan 03 [Online ahead of print]Lafuente Ibáñez de Mendoza I, López Ortega K, … Pérez Sayans M
  • CONCLUSIONS: Although the etiopathogenesis of this oral tumour is unknown, its characteristics suggest that it could have a reactive nature. Conducting a complete clinicopathological study in all intraoral GCT is fundamental in order to dismiss other entities, including oral carcinoma.
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