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4,835 results
  • Bubbles determine the amount of alcohol in Mezcal. [Journal Article]
    Sci Rep. 2020 Jul 03; 10(1):11014.Rage G, Atasi O, … Zenit R
  • Mezcal is a traditional Mexican spirit, obtained from the distillation of fermented agave juices. Its preparation has been conducted for centuries in an artisanal manner. The method used to determine the correct alcohol content is of particular interest: a stream of the liquor is poured into a small vessel to induce surface bubbles. These bubbles, known as pearls by the Mezcal artisans, remain st…
  • Quantification of amygdalin, prunasin, total cyanide and free cyanide in powdered loquat seeds. [Journal Article]
    Food Addit Contam Part A Chem Anal Control Expo Risk Assess. 2020 Jul 03 [Online ahead of print]Tanaka T, Kimura K, … Sasamoto T
  • Amygdalin, prunasin, total cyanide and free cyanide concentrations in 12 powdered loquat seeds were investigated. Loquat (Eriobotrya japonica) is a species of flowering plant in the family Rosaceae, and its fruit is quite popular in Japan. Amygdalin and prunasin were measured using LC-MS/MS. Total cyanide was measured by enzymatic treatment, steam distillation and colorimetric quantification usin…
  • Energy-efficient separation alternatives: metal-organic frameworks and membranes for hydrocarbon separation. [Review]
    Chem Soc Rev. 2020 Jun 24 [Online ahead of print]Yang L, Qian S, … Xing H
  • Hydrocarbon separation is one of the most critically important and complex industrial separation processes, offering versatile bulk chemicals and vital support to the national economy. Traditional separation technologies, such as cryogenic distillation and solvent extraction, are energy-intensive and cause serious environmental stress. Moreover, the growth of industries and technologies and the g…
  • Characterization of By-products from Commercial Cannabidiol Production. [Journal Article]
    J Agric Food Chem. 2020 Jun 23 [Online ahead of print]Leyva Gutierrez F, Munafo JP, Wang T
  • The chemical compositions of by-products from commercial cannabidiol (CBD) extraction were characterized and quantitated employing gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GC-MS) and gas chromatography flame-ionization detection (GC-FID). The four major by-products included an ethanol-wax suspension (WAX), terpenoid distillate (DIST-A), tar-like residue (TAR), and red resin (RES). The composition of…
  • ECG signal classification with binarized convolutional neural network. [Journal Article]
    Comput Biol Med. 2020 Jun; 121:103800.Wu Q, Sun Y, … Wu X
  • Arrhythmias are a group of common conditions associated with irregular heart rhythms. Some of these conditions, for instance, atrial fibrillation (AF), might develop into serious syndromes if not treated in time. Therefore, for high-risk patients, early detection of arrhythmias is crucial. In this study, we propose employing deep convolutional neural network (CNN)-based algorithms for real-time a…
  • Removal of pharmaceuticals from nitrified urine by adsorption on granular activated carbon. [Journal Article]
    Water Res X. 2020 Dec 01; 9:100057.Köpping I, McArdell CS, … Udert KM
  • Nitrification and distillation of urine allow for the recovery of all nutrients in a highly concentrated fertilizer solution. However, pharmaceuticals excreted with urine are only partially removed during these two process steps. For a sustainable and safe application, more extensive removal of pharmaceuticals is necessary. To enhance the pharmaceutical removal, which is already occurring during …
  • Carbonized Bark by Laser Treatment for Efficient Solar-Driven Interface Evaporation. [Journal Article]
    ACS Omega. 2020 Jun 16; 5(23):13482-13488.Zhao Z, Jia G, … Chang K
  • Interfacial localization of solar thermal energy conversion to drive evaporation is a promising water treatment technology, especially for gaining pure water in freshwater-deficient areas. Phoenix tree bark is chosen as the raw material mainly because of its low cost and renewability. The carbonized bark with broadened pore sizes possess efficient steam escape channels and light absorption struct…
  • Temperature data during steam pressure filtration in combination with a water insoluble pore liquid. [Journal Article]
    Data Brief. 2020 Aug; 31:105812.Esser S, Peuker UA
  • Data presented in this article focus on the application of steam pressure filtration in combination with a water insoluble pore liquid. The article describes measured temperature profiles during steam pressure filtration within a filter cake. This article is co-submitted to the article 'Steam Pressure Filtration in Combination with a Water Insoluble Pore Liquid' [1] (DOI: 10.1016/j.ces.2020.11578…
  • Advances in various techniques for isolation and purification of sterols. [Review]
    J Food Sci Technol. 2020 Jul; 57(7):2393-2403.Dikshit S, Bubna S, … Kumar P
  • Plants consist of triterpenoids such as phytosterols (PT) (C29H50O) with steroidal nuclei, including sitosterol, stigmasterol, brassicasterol and campesterol. They are hydrophobic but soluble in alcohol and other organic solvents and are isolated from industrial waste deodorizer distillates of various edible oil industries. They exist as free PT or their ester derivatives in soybean, rice, wheat,…
  • Artificial Intelligence Medical Ultrasound Equipment: Application of Breast Lesions Detection. [Journal Article]
    Ultrason Imaging. 2020 Jun 16 [Online ahead of print]Zhang X, Lin X, … Yuan K
  • Breast cancer ranks first among cancers affecting women's health. Our work aims to realize the intelligence of the medical ultrasound equipment with limited computational capability, which is used for the assistant detection of breast lesions. We embed the high-computational deep learning algorithm into the medical ultrasound equipment with limited computational capability by two techniques: (1) …
  • GO/Bi2S3 Doped PVDF/TPU Nanofiber Membrane with Enhanced Photothermal Performance. [Journal Article]
    Int J Mol Sci. 2020 Jun 13; 21(12)Yang W, Li Y, … Ramakrishna S
  • Photothermal conversion materials have attracted wide attention due to their efficient utilization of light energy. In this study, a (GO)/Bi2S3-PVDF/TPU composite nanofiber membrane was systematically developed, comprising GO/Bi2S3 nanoparticles (NPs) as a photothermal conversion component and PVDF/TPU composite nanofibers as the substrate. The GO/Bi2S3 NPs were synthesized in a one-step way and …
  • Synthesis of Ionic Ultramicroporous Polymers for Selective Separation of Acetylene from Ethylene. [Journal Article]
    Adv Mater. 2020 Jun 11 [Online ahead of print]Suo X, Cui X, … Xing H
  • The design of highly stable and efficient porous materials is essential for developing breakthrough hydrocarbon separation methods based on physisorption to replace currently used energy-intensive distillation/absorption technologies. Efforts to develop advanced porous materials such as zeolites, coordination frameworks, and organic polymers have met with limited success. Here, a new class of ion…
  • Application of citronella and rose hydrosols reduced enzymatic browning of fresh-cut taro. [Journal Article]
    J Food Biochem. 2020 Jun 09 [Online ahead of print]Xiao Y, He J, … Wang B
  • Hydrosols are byproducts produced by steam distillation of aromatic plant materials. Previous studies reported hydrosols owned effectively inhibitory effects on microbials, but few focused on the effects in reducing enzymatic browning of fresh-cut products. Here, application of citronella hydrosol (CH) and rose hydrosol (RH) obviously reduced values of L*, a* and b* in surfaces of fresh-cut taros…
  • Metal-Organic Framework Membranes and Membrane Reactors: Versatile Separations and Intensified Processes. [Review]
    Research (Wash D C). 2020; 2020:1583451.Ban Y, Cao N, Yang W
  • Metal-organic frameworks are an emerging and fascinating category of porous solids that can be self-assembled with metal-based cations linked by organic molecules. The unique features of MOFs in porosity (or surface areas), together with their diversity for chemical components and architectures, make MOFs attractive candidates in many applications. MOF membranes represent a long-term endeavor to …
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