- Desmopressin and the risk of hyponatremia: A population-based cohort study. [Journal Article]PLoS Med 2019; 16(10):e1002930PM
- CONCLUSIONS: Use of an older formulation of desmopressin was associated with a marked increased rate of subsequent hyponatremia compared to use of other medications indicated for lower urinary tract symptoms. Such risks should be clearly communicated to patients prescribed this formulation of desmopressin.
- Re: Renal Transplant Recipients Receiving Loop Diuretic Therapy Have Increased Urinary Tract Infection Rate and Altered Medullary Macrophage Polarization Marker Expression. [Journal Article]J Urol 2019; :10109701JU000061149295835d4JU
- Are There Differences Between Patients with Extreme Stenosis and Non-extreme Stenosis in Terms of Pain, Function or Complications After Spinal Decompression Using a Tubular Retractor System? [Journal Article]Clin Orthop Relat Res 2019CO
- CONCLUSIONS: The results in terms of improvement in VAS for leg and back pain and ODI scores were not different between patients with extreme and non-extreme stenosis. Micro-tubular decompression can be thus considered an alternative for patients with extreme stenosis. Future studies, ideally multicentre, comparative trials, are needed to confirm our preliminary results.
- Syndrome of inappropriate anti-diuretic hormone secretion in cancer patients: results of the first multicenter Italian study. [Journal Article]Ther Adv Med Oncol 2019; 11:1758835919877725TA
- CONCLUSIONS: Hyponatremia due to SIADH could result in longer hospitalization and in a decreased overall survival when not adequately treated, and tolvaptan represents an effective treatment with a potential effect of both improving overall survival and decreasing duration of hospitalization.
- Conservative management in congenital severe bilateral hydronephrosis related to uretero-pelvic junction obstruction. [Journal Article]J Biol Regul Homeost Agents 2019 Sep-Oct; 33(5 Suppl. 1):33-37JB
- We report our experience in conservative management of patients with prenatal and neonatal diagnosis of severe bilateral ureteropelvic junction obstruction (UPJO), focusing on the actual predictors of renal function impairment or spontaneous resolution. Between 1996 and 2006, 20 patients with bilateral severe hydronephrosis related to UPJO were included in the study. Indications for surgery were …
We report our experience in conservative management of patients with prenatal and neonatal diagnosis of severe bilateral ureteropelvic junction obstruction (UPJO), focusing on the actual predictors of renal function impairment or spontaneous resolution. Between 1996 and 2006, 20 patients with bilateral severe hydronephrosis related to UPJO were included in the study. Indications for surgery were an increased hydronephrosis, decreased renal function, onset of symptoms. Conservatively treated patients were followed up for 3 months to 10 years with renal ultrasound, DTPA diuretic, urine culture. At first renal scan, 22 out of 40 renal units had a poor, 10 an intermediary and 8 a good drainage. Pyeloplasty was required in 10 of the 40 kidneys, while 30 out of 40 kidneys were followed conservatively. At the end of follow up, sieric normalized creatinine and estimated glomerular filtration rate were normal in all patients. Our data showed that bilateral severe hydronephrosis related to UPJO can be safely managed in a similar manner of a unilateral case. A poor drainage could be considered a negative predictive factor in the feasibility of a conservative management.
- Rationale and Strategies for Preserving Residual Kidney Function in Dialysis Patients. [Review]Am J Nephrol 2019; :1-11AJ
- CONCLUSIONS: In this article, we first review the definition and measurement of RKF, including newly proposed markers such as serum levels of beta2-microglobulin, cystatin C and beta-trace protein. We then discuss the predictors of RKF loss in new dialysis patients. We review several strategies to preserve RKF such as renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system blockade, incremental dialysis, use of biocompatible membranes and ultrapure dialysate in hemodialysis (HD) patients, and use of biocompatible solutions in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. Despite their generally adverse effects on renal function, aminoglycoside antibiotics have not been shown to have adverse effects on RKF in well-hydrated patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Presently, the roles of better blood pressure control, diuretic usage, diet, and dialysis modality on RKF remain to be clearly established. Key Messages: RKF is an important and favorable prognostic indicator of reduced morbidity, mortality, and higher quality of life in both PD an HD patients. Further investigation is warranted to uncover factors that protect or impair RKF. This should lead to improved quality of life and prolonged lifespan in patients with ESRD and cost-reduction through patient centeredness, individualized therapy, and precision medicine approaches.
- Sorocea guilleminiana Gaudich.: Wound healing activity, action mechanisms, and chemical characterization of the leaf infusion. [Journal Article]J Ethnopharmacol 2019; :112307JE
- CONCLUSIONS: AESg is not cytotoxic. The results confirm the popular use of the leaf infusion of S. guilleminiana for the treatment of cutaneous wounds, possibly by stimulating the proliferation of fibroblasts with a consequent deposition of collagen, fastening rearrangement of collagen fibers, and greater transformation into myofibroblasts, essential in the healing process. Preliminary chemical analyzes of AESg revealed the presence mainly of phenolic compounds, being salicylic acid, gallic acid, pinocembrin and isoquercitrin the majoritarian ones.
- Long-term effect of the perindopril/indapamide/amlodipine single-pill combination on left ventricular hypertrophy in outpatient hypertensive subjects. [Journal Article]Biomed Pharmacother 2019; 120:109539BP
- CONCLUSIONS: Independently of BP values achieved, the antihypertensive TFC therapy was more effective than FCT in LVMI reduction and LVH regression, possibly related to drugs' intrinsic properties and to BPV modulation.
- Impaired chloride homeostasis in epilepsy: Molecular basis, impact on treatment, and current treatment approaches. [Journal Article]Pharmacol Ther 2019; :107422P&T
- Epilepsies represent one of the most common neurological diseases worldwide. They are characterized by recurrent spontaneous seizures with severe impact on a patient's life. An imbalance in excitatory and inhibitory signalling is considered the main underlying pathophysiological mechanism. Therefore, GABA-mimetic drugs, strengthening the main inhibitory signalling system in the CNS, are frequentl…
Epilepsies represent one of the most common neurological diseases worldwide. They are characterized by recurrent spontaneous seizures with severe impact on a patient's life. An imbalance in excitatory and inhibitory signalling is considered the main underlying pathophysiological mechanism. Therefore, GABA-mimetic drugs, strengthening the main inhibitory signalling system in the CNS, are frequently used as antiepileptic or anticonvulsant drugs. However, the therapeutic effect of such treatment depends on the chloride gradient along the plasma membrane. Impairment of chloride homeostasis, caused by alterations in the functional balance of chloride transporters, was implicated in the pathophysiology of epilepsy and numerous other diseases. Breakdown or even inversion of the chloride gradient may result in ineffective or in worst cases proconvulsant effects of GABA-mimetics. Unfortunately, such situations are reported in considerable number. Consequently, bumetanide, an inhibitor of Na-K-Cl cotransporters gained interest as potential add-on therapy re-establishing the chloride gradient and thereby the hyperpolarizing effects of GABA-mimetic drugs. Indeed, preclinical studies yielded encouraging results, especially when applied in combination with GABA-mimetics in epilepsy models. However, bumetanide induces a strong diuretic effect and displays poor penetration across the blood-brain barrier, two adverse features for chronic antiepileptic treatment. Therefore, new compounds overcoming these limitations are under development. This review focuses on alterations in chloride homeostasis and its underlying molecular mechanisms in epilepsy, on the potential impact of impaired chloride homeostasis on the treatment of epilepsy and on concepts to overcome this problem including recent development of bumetanide derivatives with improved pharmacological profile.
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- Comparison of the outcomes of laparoscopic pyeloplasty with and without concomitant pyelolithotomy. [Journal Article]Int Braz J Urol 2019 Sep-Oct; 45(5):965-973IB
- CONCLUSIONS: Laparoscopic pyeloplasty with concomitant pyelolithotomy is a safe and effective intervention with associated good cosmetic results and high stone-free rates without significant increase in operative time or complications.