- Treatment of painful left bundle branch block syndrome with cardiac resynchronization therapy or right-ventricular pacing. [Case Reports]
- HCHeartRhythm Case Rep 2019; 5(6):321-324
- Left ventricular mechanical dyssynchrony in patients with chest pain and normal epicardial coronary arteries. [Journal Article]
- JNJ Nucl Cardiol 2019 Jul 02
- CONCLUSIONS: Higher ventricular volumes in females and dyssynchrony are associated with inducible ischemia in MPI in patients with chest pain and normal coronaries. Stress-induced ischemia increases degree of dyssynchrony.
- Interventricular dyssynchrony during continuous-flow left ventricular assist device support: observation using the conductance method. [Journal Article]
- JAJ Artif Organs 2019 Jul 02
- The purpose of this study was to observe and clarify the interventricular dysscynchrony caused by continuous-flow left ventricular assist device (CF-LVAD) support using the conductance method. During…
The purpose of this study was to observe and clarify the interventricular dysscynchrony caused by continuous-flow left ventricular assist device (CF-LVAD) support using the conductance method. During CF-LVAD support, the systolic phase of the left ventricle (LV) becomes shorter than that of the right ventricle (RV). Accordingly, timing of the systole and diastole during the cardiac cycle is not synchronous between the LV and RV. In this study, we evaluated this phenomenon in a normal heart model using the adult goat (n = 5, body weight 44.5 ± 2.9 kg). A centrifugal LVAD was implanted under general anesthesia. We inserted the conductance catheter into the RV and LV to obtain the pressure-volume relationship of the two ventricles simultaneously. We defined the dyssynchronous status as the sign (plus or minus) of the LV volume-change opposite to that of RV volume-change. Dyssynchronous phase of the cardiac cycle was observed in 5.6 ± 0.65% of hearts under LVAD pump-off and 25.3 ± 3.3% under LVAD full bypass, respectively (p < 0.05). To the best of our knowledge, this is the first experimental report clarifying interventricular dyssynchrony during CF-LVAD support using the conductance method. Quantification of this phenomenon under various support conditions and assessment of influences on the right ventricular function will be studied in future studies.
- Accuracy of three-dimensional systolic dyssynchrony and sphericity indexes for identifying early left ventricular remodeling after acute myocardial infarction. [Journal Article]
- AJAnatol J Cardiol 2019; 22(1):13-20
- CONCLUSIONS: 3DE parameters, especially 3D SI and SDI, play important roles in the prediction of LV remodeling after AMI and can be used in clinical practice.
- 2D/3D Echocardiographic features of patients with reverse remodeling after cardiac resynchronization therapy. [Journal Article]
- EEchocardiography 2019 Jul 01
- CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that end-stage HF patients, presenting before CRT with LVEF <22.15%, may not benefit from the procedure after 6 months. Mechanical dyssyncronicity did not provide additional information to improve candidate selection.
- Outcome of patients with functional single ventricular heart after pacemaker implantation: What makes it poor, and what can we do? [Journal Article]
- HRHeart Rhythm 2019 Jun 25
- CONCLUSIONS: A higher proportion of VP was associated with poor outcome and higher plasma BNP levels, probably due to ventricular dyssynchrony. In epicardial ventricular pacing, apical pacing is better to avoid the increase in ventricular stress and plasma BNP level.
- Improved Left Ventricular Strain and Dyssynchrony After Pulmonary Artery Banding in an Infant with End-Stage Dilated Cardiomyopathy: Insights from Three-Dimensional Speckle Tracking. [Journal Article]
- PCPediatr Cardiol 2019 Jun 25
- Pulmonary artery banding may benefit infants with dilated cardiomyopathy. We present the case of an infant with end-stage dilated cardiomyopathy and intractable heart failure who received pulmonary a…
Pulmonary artery banding may benefit infants with dilated cardiomyopathy. We present the case of an infant with end-stage dilated cardiomyopathy and intractable heart failure who received pulmonary artery banding. Serial follow-up through two-dimensional and three-dimensional echocardiography revealed gradual improvement in the left ventricular ejection fraction and favorable remodeling. The result of three-dimensional speckle tracking suggested that this benefit is associated with improvements in global strain and intraventricular dyssynchrony.
- Unconventional 2:1 Ventricular Pacing in a Neonate with Congenital Heart Block and Biventricular Noncompaction. [Case Reports]
- THTex Heart Inst J 2019; 46(2):136-138
- Congenital complete heart block with concomitant biventricular noncompaction cardiomyopathy has been reported once previously. Although not universal, when restrictive physiology is present, impaired…
Congenital complete heart block with concomitant biventricular noncompaction cardiomyopathy has been reported once previously. Although not universal, when restrictive physiology is present, impaired diastolic filling may pose a distinct challenge to pacing during the neonatal period. We present the case of a neonate with congenital complete heart block and biventricular noncompaction that resulted in severe diastolic dysfunction and atrioventricular dyssynchrony. We intentionally used 2:1 ventricular pacing to provide atrioventricular synchrony with every paced beat, and this resulted in hemodynamic and clinical improvement. This unconventional pacing technique may be beneficial in other neonates who have complete heart block and diastolic dysfunction.
- Use of Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy Defibrillator in US Hospitals. [Journal Article]
- JCJAMA Cardiol 2019 Jun 19
- CONCLUSIONS: Rates of guideline-concordant CRT-D implantation increased during the study. The major fraction of guideline-discordant implants were clustered at a minority of hospitals. Conduction abnormalities, particularly non-left bundle branch block and nonspecific intraventricular conduction delay, correlated with guideline-discordant implants indicating continued opportunity for dissemination and understanding of guideline updates.
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- Quantification of interventricular dyssynchrony during continuous-flow left ventricular assist device support. [Journal Article]
- JAJ Artif Organs 2019 Jun 15
- Under continuous-flow left ventricular assist device (CF-LVAD) support, the ventricular volume change and cardiac cycle between the left ventricle (LV) and right ventricle (RV) become dyssynchronous …
Under continuous-flow left ventricular assist device (CF-LVAD) support, the ventricular volume change and cardiac cycle between the left ventricle (LV) and right ventricle (RV) become dyssynchronous due to the shortening of the LV systole. The purpose of this study was to quantify interventricular dyssynchrony based on different CF-LVAD support conditions and assess its relationship with LV unloading. In this study, we evaluated seven goats (body weight 44.5 ± 6.5 kg) with normal hearts. A centrifugal LVAD was implanted under general anesthesia. We inserted the conductance catheters into the left ventricle (LV) and right ventricle (RV) to assess the volume signal simultaneously. We defined the interventricular dyssynchrony as a signal (increase or decrease) of LV volume (LVV) change opposite to that of RV volume (RVV) (i.e., (dLVV/dt) × (dRVV/dt) < 0). The duration of interventricular dyssynchrony (DYS) was reported as the percentage of time that a heart was in a dyssynchronous state within a cardiac cycle. The mean DYS of normal hearts, hearts with LVAD clamp and hearts supported by LVADs with a bypass rate of 50%, 75% and 100% were 5.6 ± 1.6%, 8.7 ± 2.4%, 8.6 ± 2.8%, 15.1 ± 5.1%, and 25.6 ± 8.0%, respectively. Furthermore, the DYS was found to be associated with the degree of LV stroke volume reduction caused by LV unloading. These findings may be useful for understanding interventricular interactions and physiology during CF-LVAD support. Influences on the right ventricular function and heart failure models warrant further study.