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615 results
  • Comparison of post-operative outcomes of graft materials used in reconstruction of blow-out fractures. [Journal Article]
    Ulus Travma Acil Cerrahi Derg. 2020 Jun; 26(4):538-544.Düzgün S, Kayahan Sirkeci B
  • CONCLUSIONS: Results show that the auricular conchal cartilage graft was the best biomaterial used to repair defects smaller than 4 cm², where as titanium mesh was a good option to repair defects larger than 4 cm². However, selection of the optimal biomaterial to be used to repair orbital blow-out fractures should be made according to patient characteristics and preoperative findings, the severity of the injury, the cost of the biomaterial to be used, and surgeon's expertise.
  • Frontal Bone Infarctions Masquerading as Bilateral Orbital Cellulitis in a Patient with Sickle Cell Disease. [Case Reports]
    Middle East Afr J Ophthalmol. 2020 Jan-Mar; 27(1):65-67.Al Somali AI, Bin Helayel HS, … Nassim Ali HM
  • Repeated vaso-occlusive crises (VOCs) are the hallmark of sickle cell disease (SCD). These repeated crises can lead to bone infarcts, necrosis, and, over time, degenerative changes in the bone marrow. Orbital complications in SCD patients are infrequent and usually present as orbital cellulitis. We report the appearance of orbital bone infarction intraoperatively in the case of an 18-year-old Sau…
  • Defending comprehensive tobacco control policy implementation in Nepal from tobacco industry interference (2011-2018). [Journal Article]
    Nicotine Tob Res. 2020 Apr 20 [Online ahead of print]Bhatta DN, Crosbie E, … Glantz S
  • CONCLUSIONS: Both tobacco control advocates and the industry used the discursive and instrumental strategies described in the Policy Dystopia Model. The model was helpful for understanding tobacco industry activities in Nepal and could be applied to other low-and middle-income countries. Civil society, with the help of international health groups, should continue to track tobacco industry interference and learn the lessons from other countries to proactively to counter it.
  • Orbital Trapdoor Facture in Child: More Predictable Outcomes and Less Consequences. [Journal Article]
    J Craniofac Surg. 2020 Apr 10 [Online ahead of print]Guerra RC, Pulino BFB, … Hochuli-Vieira E
  • Orbital trapdoor fractures are characterized by tissue entrapment between the fractured bone fragment and the remnant of the orbital floor. This entrapment can result in immediate local and systemic complications and poor outcomes when approached late. This article presents the case of an orbital floor fracture in a child with dystopia, pain, edema and entrapment of the inferior rectus muscle and…
  • Ocular and adnexal anomalies in craniofacial microsomia: a systematic review. [Review]
    Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2020 Mar 23 [Online ahead of print]Rooijers W, Caron CJJM, … Koudstaal MJ
  • Ocular anomalies may occur in craniofacial microsomia (CFM). The aim of this systematic review was to review the literature on ocular anomalies and their incidence, in order to estimate the need for ophthalmological screening in CFM patients. Online databases were searched, and data on the number of patients, type and incidence of ocular anomalies, and visual acuity were extracted. Four subgroups…
  • [Ophthalmologic manifestations of Waardenburg syndrome]. [Case Reports]
    Vestn Oftalmol. 2019; 135(6):91-99.Astakhov YS, Tultseva SN, … Shakhnazarova AA
  • The Waardenburg syndrome is a group of rare genetic diseases, which clinical manifestations include neurosensory hearing loss, diminished pigmentation of forelock in the frontal region, iris heterochromia, medial canthus dystopia, and the presence of such changes in first-line relatives. The article presents a clinical case of type I Waardenburg syndrome, which developed de novo in a family. This…
  • Maxillofacial Manifestation of a Giant Dimension Cranial Osteoma. [Journal Article]
    J Craniofac Surg. 2020 Jan 20 [Online ahead of print]Guerra RC, de Azambuja Carvalho PH, … Hochuli-Vieira E
  • Osteoma is the most frequent benign tumor in the craniomaxillofacial region. The most common initial manifestation is facial pressure or headache.The clinical examination showed increased volume in the right supraorbital region, asymmetry of the orbital contour, exophthalmia, dystopia, proptosis and clinical restraint of ocular movement for supraversion. The lesion measured approximately 4 cm in …
  • Transhumanism, Moral Perfection, and Those 76 Trombones. [Journal Article]
    J Med Philos. 2020 Mar 19; 45(2):179-192.Koch T
  • Transhumanism advances an ideology promising a positive human advance through the application of new and as yet unrealized technologies. Underlying the whole is a libertarian ethos married to a very Christian eschatology promising a miraculous transformation that will answer human needs and redress human failings. In this paper, the supposedly scientific basis on which transhumanist promises are …
  • Intraoral Approach for Surgical Treatment of Psammomatoid Juvenile Ossifying Fibroma. [Journal Article]
    J Craniofac Surg. 2020 May/Jun; 31(3):e306-e309.Diniz JA, Siqueira ADS, … Laureano Filho JR
  • Psammomatoid juvenile ossifying fibroma (PJOF) is a rare benign tumor that usually affects the paranasal sinuses, orbit, and skull. In most cases, extensive incisions are necessary for full access to the tumor site. The aim of this paper is to report a case of extensive PJOF in which an intraoral surgical approach was performed with complete excision of the tumor. A female patient, 18-year old ha…
  • [Impacted teeth extraction in patients with hematological disorders]. [Journal Article]
    Stomatologiia (Mosk). 2019; 98(6):121-123.Shinkevich DS, Afanasyev VV
  • The operation of complex tooth extraction in patients with hemorrhagic syndrome is a difficult task. The authors developed a method of complex tooth extraction in their retention in patients with hemorrhagic syndrome. The study found that the proposed method allowed to reduce the risk of hemorrhagic complications and optimize the healing of post-extraction wounds. The procedure was carried-out in…
  • Help or Hindrance? The Alcohol Industry and Alcohol Control in Portugal. [Journal Article]
    Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2019 11 18; 16(22)Paixão MM, Mialon M
  • The influence of the alcohol industry, also known as "corporate political activity" (CPA), is documented as one of the main barriers in implementing effective alcohol control policies. In Portugal, despite an alcohol consumption above the European average, alcohol control does not feature in the current National Health Plan. The present research aimed to identify and describe the CPA of the alcoh…
  • Does Early Repair of Orbital Fractures Result in Superior Patient Outcomes? A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. [Journal Article]
    J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2020 Apr; 78(4):568-577.Jazayeri HE, Khavanin N, … Dorafshar AH
  • CONCLUSIONS: Differences in the timing of surgery and definition of patient outcomes, as well as variations in methods of evaluating postoperative outcomes, potentiate the risk of bias and warrant downgrading of the quality of evidence in a study. The timing of repair varied among 2, 4, and 8 weeks after injury. However, a short time to surgical intervention was significantly associated with resolution of vertical dystopia, postoperative enophthalmos, and motility restriction.
  • The Use and Misuse of Brave New World in the CRISPR Debate. [Journal Article]
    CRISPR J. 2019 10; 2(5):316-323.So D
  • When writing about CRISPR and similar technologies, many bioethicists use science-fiction references to help readers picture the ramifications of germline gene editing. By a large margin, the most frequently referenced novel in this debate is Aldous Huxley's 1932 dystopia Brave New World. Despite its iconic status and effectiveness at communicating specific ethical issues, Brave New World provide…
  • Waardenburg syndrome with dry eyes: A rare association. [Case Reports]
    Taiwan J Ophthalmol. 2019 Jul-Sep; 9(3):198-201.Shrinkhal , Singh A, … Yadav P
  • Waardenburg syndrome (WS) is a rare congenital disorder primarily characterized by characteristic facial abnormalities as dystopia canthorum and synophrys; depigmentation of the hair, skin (premature graying of hair), and/or the iris of both eyes; and/or congenital deafness. Here, we report a rare case of WS with associated dry eyes. A 4-year-old female presented with blue eyes and no tear and na…
  • Neglected orbitozygomaticomaxillary fractures with complications: A case report. [Journal Article]
    Int J Surg Case Rep. 2019; 62:35-39.Isya Wahdini S, Dachlan I, … Afandy D
  • CONCLUSIONS: Several examinations before reconstruction of the injury has to be done, especially radiological examinations to decide proper diagnosis and reconstruction plans. Some complications may make difficulties in establishing precise time for surgery. Three-dimensional (3-D) reconstrucion model can help increase accuracy of the reconstruction but consume more time.Severe maxillofacial fracture should be treated immediately to avoid further complications. Multidisciplinary examinations can provide more accurate preliminary recommendations particularly when combine with properly calibrated CT scan imaging.
  • Novel anti-obesity effect of scutellarein and potential underlying mechanism of actions. [Journal Article]
    Biomed Pharmacother. 2019 Sep; 117:109042.Lin Y, Ren N, … Pu P
  • CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that Sc possesses important novel anti-obesity effects accompanying lipid lowering and anti-inflammation-based liver protective effects. These favorable effects are causally associated with the suppression of gene expression of inflammatory cytokines and fine regulation of genes responsible for energy metabolism. Our results advance the understanding of the pharmacological actions of Sc, and provides a role for Sc in effective management of obesity.
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