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(electrocerebral silence)
92 results
  • Terminal spreading depolarization and electrical silence in death of human cerebral cortex. [Case Reports]
    Ann Neurol 2018; 83(2):295-310Dreier JP, Major S, … Hartings JA
  • Restoring the circulation is the primary goal in emergency treatment of cerebral ischemia. However, better understanding of how the brain responds to energy depletion could help predict the time available for resuscitation until irreversible damage and advance development of interventions that prolong this span. Experimentally, injury to central neurons begins only with anoxic depolarization. Thi…
  • Spinal Decerebrate-Like Posturing After Brain Death: A Case Report and Review of the Literature. [Case Reports]
    J Intensive Care Med 2016; 31(9):622-4Kumar A, Tummala P, … Dhar R
  • CONCLUSIONS: Extension-pronation movements that mimic decerebrate posturing may be seen in a delayed fashion after BD. Verification of lack of any brain activity (by both examination and multiple ancillary tests) in this case and others prompts us to attribute these movements as spinal cord reflexes and propose they be recognized within the rubric of accepted post-BD automatisms that should not delay diagnosis or necessitate confirmatory testing.
  • EEG guidelines in the diagnosis of brain death. [Practice Guideline]
    Neurophysiol Clin 2015; 45(1):97-104Szurhaj W, Lamblin MD, … Société de Neurophysiologie Clinique de Langue Française
  • In France, for the determination and diagnostic validation of brain death the law requires either two EEG recordings separated by a 4-hour observation period, both showing electrocerebral inactivity; or cerebral angiography examination. Since EEG is available in most hospitals and clinics, it is often used in this indication, at the patient's bedside, especially in the context of organ donation. …
  • A rapid course through the five electrographic stages of status epilepticus. [Case Reports]
    Epilepsia 2012; 53(11):e193-5Pender RA, Losey TE
  • A 54-year-old woman was transferred to a university hospital for severe sepsis and multiorgan failure. A complex partial seizure was noted and she was placed on continuous electroencephalography (EEG). During EEG monitoring she developed generalized convulsive status epilepticus. After consultation with family it was decided not to escalate treatment due to her overall medical condition. She proc…
  • [Communication with the relatives of a patient presumed brain dead]. [Case Reports]
    Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd 2011; 155(18):A3404Kompanje EJ, de Groot YJ, … van der Jagt M
  • CONCLUSIONS: A patient is dead after complete brain death determination or after circulatory arrest. Loss of consciousness (Glasgow Coma score of 3) and absence of brain stem reflexes lead to a state of catastrophic cerebral damage, but not to brain death. In such a situation, wording such as 'brain death', 'deceased' and 'clinical brain death' should be avoided in conversations with the relatives.
  • EMG artifact in brain death electroencephalogram, is it a cry of "medullary death"? [Case Reports]
    Clin Neurol Neurosurg 2008; 110(7):729-31Sethi NK, Sethi PK, … Labar D
  • The Uniform Determination of Death Act (UDDA) defines death as irreversible cessation of the functions of the entire brain including the brainstem. Many individuals meeting the clinical criteria of brain death can be documented to have some residual sub-cortical and brainstem function on careful testing. Determination of brain death still remains a persistently unresolved issue in health law and …
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