- Household energy efficiency and health: Area-level analysis of hospital admissions in England. [Journal Article]Environ Int 2019; 133(Pt A):105164EI
- CONCLUSIONS: Despite a range of limitations and some mixed and contrasting findings across the national and local analyses, there was some evidence that areas with more energy efficiency improvements resulted in higher admission rates for respiratory and cardiovascular diseases. This builds on existing evidence highlighting the complex relationships between health and housing. While energy efficiency measures can improve health outcomes (especially when targeting those with chronic respiratory illness), reduced household ventilation rates can impact indoor air quality for example and increase the risk of diseases such as asthma. Alternatively, these findings could be due to the ecological study design, reverse causality, or the non-detection of more vulnerable subpopulations, as well as the targeting of areas with poor housing stock, low income households, and the lack of "whole house approaches" when retrofitting the existing housing stock.To be sustainable, household energy efficiency policies and resulting interventions must account for whole house approaches (i.e. consideration of the whole house and occupant lifestyles). These must consider more alternative 'greener' and more sustainable measures, which are capable of accounting for variable lifestyles, as well as the need for adequate heating and ventilation. Larger natural experiments and more complex modelling are needed to further investigate the impact of ongoing dramatic changes in the housing stock and health.
- Stage III Non-small Cell Lung Cancer Management in England. [Journal Article]Clin Oncol (R Coll Radiol) 2019; 31(10):688-696CO
- CONCLUSIONS: We highlight important gaps in the optimal care of patients with stage III NSCLC in England. Multimodality treatment with either surgery or radical radiotherapy combined with chemotherapy was delivered to less than one-fifth of patients, even though these regimens are considered optimal. Timely access to specialist resources and staff, the practice of effective shared decision making and challenging preconceptions have the potential to optimise management.
- Common errors in writing the cause of death certificate in the Middle East. [Review]J Forensic Leg Med 2019; 68:101864JF
- A death certificate is an official document in which the medical practitioner primarily records the cause of death sequence, the time interval between the onset of the cause of death and death, and personal details of the deceased. Errors in death certificate documentation are not uncommon. We aim to review the common errors in writing the cause of death certificate in the Middle East. For this r…
A death certificate is an official document in which the medical practitioner primarily records the cause of death sequence, the time interval between the onset of the cause of death and death, and personal details of the deceased. Errors in death certificate documentation are not uncommon. We aim to review the common errors in writing the cause of death certificate in the Middle East. For this review, we searched the PubMed database using a comprehensive search strategy to identify studies from the Middle East that reported errors in the cause of death certification from inception to August 17, 2019. Of the 308 items initially identified, 5 were eligible for inclusion. These studies were reported from only a few countries (Saudi Arabia, Iran, Lebanon and Palestine) in the Middle East and did not represent all the countries geographically located in the Middle East. The Middle East is not immune to errors in the medical certification of the cause of death. The absence of the cause of death, inappropriate listing and sequencing of the causes of death, mentioning the mechanism or mode of death instead of the cause of death, absence of time interval between the onset of the cause of death and death, use of abbreviations and symbols instead of formal medical terminology, and absence of the certifying medical practitioner's signature were the commonly death certification errors observed in this regional literature review. Additional studies to assess death certification errors in all the Middle East countries are needed. Efforts should be made to compulsorily include the teaching and learning of the cause of death certification in the undergraduate medical curriculum. Interactive workshops on drafting the cause of death certificate should be periodically conducted for the benefit of the interns and residents.
- Early Practice Patterns of Hand Surgeons: An American Board of Orthopaedic Surgery Database Study. [Journal Article]J Hand Surg Am 2019JH
- CONCLUSIONS: A large proportion of fellowship-trained orthopedic hand surgeons are not on track to meet the minimum eligibility requirements for the ABOS SCOSH during their part II case collections. Their case profile is not sufficiently diverse to be considered an active hand surgery practice for the purpose of SCOSH eligibility.This study highlights 1 possible reason why over one-third of young hand surgeons do not obtain their subspecialty certification.
- [Characteristics of patients who received an indication of involuntary admission, with or without the involvement of a third party, in a Parisian psychiatric emergency unit]. [Journal Article]Encephale 2019E
- CONCLUSIONS: Our exploratory results help to better understand how the ASPPI procedure is used in psychiatric emergency wards six years after enactment of the law. They highlight the differences between ASPPI patients and ASPDT/u and raise ethical issues regarding involuntary psychiatric care.
- Preeclamptic Women Are at Significantly Higher Risk of Future Cardiovascular Outcomes Over a 15-Year Period. [Journal Article]J Womens Health (Larchmt) 2019JW
- CONCLUSIONS: This 15-year study indicates that women who have PE with their first pregnancy have a significantly higher risk of adverse CV outcomes compared to controls and suggest a heightened and continued CV monitoring after birth for this population of women.
- Avoidable, amenable, and preventable mortalities in South Korea, 2000-2017: Age-period-cohort trends and impact on life expectancy at birth. [Journal Article]Soc Sci Med 2019; 237:112482SS
- This study aimed to estimate age-period-cohort effects on avoidable mortality and quantify the impact of avoidable mortality changes on life expectancy (LE) at birth in the South Korean population aged 0-74 years. Using death certificate and resident population data from 2000 to 2017, trends in age-standardized avoidable mortality rates were analyzed with joinpoint regression. Intrinsic estimator…
This study aimed to estimate age-period-cohort effects on avoidable mortality and quantify the impact of avoidable mortality changes on life expectancy (LE) at birth in the South Korean population aged 0-74 years. Using death certificate and resident population data from 2000 to 2017, trends in age-standardized avoidable mortality rates were analyzed with joinpoint regression. Intrinsic estimator regression analysis was conducted to estimate age-period-cohort effects on avoidable mortality. Arriaga's method was used to measure the contributions of avoidable causes to changes in LE gaps between adjacent three-year periods by age and avoidable cause of death groups. Avoidable mortality decreased annually by 4.6% between 2000 and 2017. There were strong age and cohort effects and a weak period effect on avoidable mortality. In the overall decreasing trend, avoidable mortality declined less in cohorts born after the 1950-1953 Korean War and economic recession in the 1970s, with further reductions in cohorts born after the 1987 democratic reform and 1997-1998 economic crisis. Avoidable mortality was reduced after implementation of major health policies, but the decrease stagnated during the 2008-2009 financial crisis. Avoidable mortality reduction resulted in LE gains of 3.1 years, which accounted for 80% of total LE gains. Contribution to LE gains by causes of death was the largest for cerebrovascular disease. Major social changes and health policies influenced the avoidable mortality trend through cohort and period effects. Health care and public health policies implemented since the 2000s might have contributed substantially to gains in LE.
- Association between maternal pre-pregnancy obesity and preterm birth according to maternal age and race or ethnicity: a population-based study. [Journal Article]Lancet Diabetes Endocrinol 2019; 7(9):707-714LD
- CONCLUSIONS: Maternal pre-pregnancy obesity is significantly associated with the risk of preterm birth in the general population, but the risk differs according to maternal age and race or ethnicity. Future investigation is warranted to understand the underlying mechanisms.
- Place of death by region and urbanization among gynecologic cancer patients: 2006-2016. [Journal Article]Gynecol Oncol 2019GO
- CONCLUSIONS: The place of death for patients with gynecologic malignancies varies by US region and urbanization. These disparities are multifactorial in nature, likely influenced by both sociodemographic factors and regional resource availability. In this study, however, rural and central metro areas are identified as regions that may benefit from further hospice development and advocacy.
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- Rational construction of triangle-like nickel-cobalt bimetallic metal-organic framework nanosheets arrays as battery-type electrodes for hybrid supercapacitors. [Journal Article]J Colloid Interface Sci 2019; 555:42-52JC
- Reasonably designing self-supported metal-organic framework (MOF) nanoarrays is profound for applications in energy storage and conversion. Herein, we construct a triangle-like nickel-cobalt bimetallic metal-organic framework nanosheet array on nickel foam (NiCo-MOF/NF) via facile one-step hydrothermal reaction, served as battery-like electrode material for hybrid supercapacitors. By adjusting th…
Reasonably designing self-supported metal-organic framework (MOF) nanoarrays is profound for applications in energy storage and conversion. Herein, we construct a triangle-like nickel-cobalt bimetallic metal-organic framework nanosheet array on nickel foam (NiCo-MOF/NF) via facile one-step hydrothermal reaction, served as battery-like electrode material for hybrid supercapacitors. By adjusting the molar ratio of Ni and Co, the optimal NiCo-MOF/NF with Ni/Co = 3:2 (3-2 NiCo-MOF/NF) produces an impressive specific capacity of 1003.5 C/g (2230 F/g) at 1 A/g, surpassing most of the previously reported MOF based electrode materials. The superior electrochemical performances may be related to their 3D well-aligned MOF nanosheets arrays, which provides enlarged electroactive areas. Meanwhile, the tight junction of electrode materials and conductive substrate nickel foam (NF) can guarantee their sufficient electric contact, contributing to fast electron transfer from electrodes to conductive substrates. Finally, a hybrid supercapacitor fabricated by the 3-2 NiCo-MOF/NF against active carbon (AC) delivers an advantageous energy density of 34.3 Wh/kg at a power density of 375 W/kg. These results certificate that such bimetallic NiCo-MOF nanosheets arrays hold great potential as novel electrode materials for hybrid supercapacitors.