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560 results
  • Household energy efficiency and health: Area-level analysis of hospital admissions in England. [Journal Article]
    Environ Int 2019; 133(Pt A):105164Sharpe RA, Machray KE, … Wheeler BW
  • CONCLUSIONS: Despite a range of limitations and some mixed and contrasting findings across the national and local analyses, there was some evidence that areas with more energy efficiency improvements resulted in higher admission rates for respiratory and cardiovascular diseases. This builds on existing evidence highlighting the complex relationships between health and housing. While energy efficiency measures can improve health outcomes (especially when targeting those with chronic respiratory illness), reduced household ventilation rates can impact indoor air quality for example and increase the risk of diseases such as asthma. Alternatively, these findings could be due to the ecological study design, reverse causality, or the non-detection of more vulnerable subpopulations, as well as the targeting of areas with poor housing stock, low income households, and the lack of "whole house approaches" when retrofitting the existing housing stock.To be sustainable, household energy efficiency policies and resulting interventions must account for whole house approaches (i.e. consideration of the whole house and occupant lifestyles). These must consider more alternative 'greener' and more sustainable measures, which are capable of accounting for variable lifestyles, as well as the need for adequate heating and ventilation. Larger natural experiments and more complex modelling are needed to further investigate the impact of ongoing dramatic changes in the housing stock and health.
  • Stage III Non-small Cell Lung Cancer Management in England. [Journal Article]
    Clin Oncol (R Coll Radiol) 2019; 31(10):688-696Adizie JB, Khakwani A, … Harden SV
  • CONCLUSIONS: We highlight important gaps in the optimal care of patients with stage III NSCLC in England. Multimodality treatment with either surgery or radical radiotherapy combined with chemotherapy was delivered to less than one-fifth of patients, even though these regimens are considered optimal. Timely access to specialist resources and staff, the practice of effective shared decision making and challenging preconceptions have the potential to optimise management.
  • Common errors in writing the cause of death certificate in the Middle East. [Review]
    J Forensic Leg Med 2019; 68:101864Madadin M, Alhumam AS, … Menezes RG
  • A death certificate is an official document in which the medical practitioner primarily records the cause of death sequence, the time interval between the onset of the cause of death and death, and personal details of the deceased. Errors in death certificate documentation are not uncommon. We aim to review the common errors in writing the cause of death certificate in the Middle East. For this r…
  • Early Practice Patterns of Hand Surgeons: An American Board of Orthopaedic Surgery Database Study. [Journal Article]
    J Hand Surg Am 2019Mann TR, James MA, … Kaplan FTD
  • CONCLUSIONS: A large proportion of fellowship-trained orthopedic hand surgeons are not on track to meet the minimum eligibility requirements for the ABOS SCOSH during their part II case collections. Their case profile is not sufficiently diverse to be considered an active hand surgery practice for the purpose of SCOSH eligibility.This study highlights 1 possible reason why over one-third of young hand surgeons do not obtain their subspecialty certification.
  • Place of death by region and urbanization among gynecologic cancer patients: 2006-2016. [Journal Article]
    Gynecol Oncol 2019Puechl AM, Chino F, … Chino JP
  • CONCLUSIONS: The place of death for patients with gynecologic malignancies varies by US region and urbanization. These disparities are multifactorial in nature, likely influenced by both sociodemographic factors and regional resource availability. In this study, however, rural and central metro areas are identified as regions that may benefit from further hospice development and advocacy.
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