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228,453 results
  • Ethical Framework for Nutrition Support Resource Allocation During Shortages: Lessons From COVID-19. [Journal Article]
    Nutr Clin Pract. 2020 Jun 03 [Online ahead of print]Barrocas A, Schwartz DB, … Mueller CM
  • The coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic has impacted all aspects of our population. The "Troubling Trichotomy" of what can be done technologically, what should be done ethically, and what must be done legally is a reality during these unusual circumstances. Recent ethical considerations regarding allocation of scarce resources, such as mechanical ventilators, have been proposed. These can app…
  • The case for why Africa should host COVID-19 candidate vaccine trials. [Journal Article]
    J Infect Dis. 2020 Jun 03 [Online ahead of print]Singh JA
  • In response to provocative comments by two European clinicians and scientists, the WHO Director General has declared that Africa will not host COVID-19 vaccine trials. Such a stance risks stigmatising COVID-19 vaccine trials in Africa and depriving Africa of critical research. To the contrary, there is a critical need for Africa to host COVID-19 vaccine trials on public health, scientific, and et…
  • Six Propositions against Ageism in the COVID-19 Pandemic. [Journal Article]
    J Aging Soc Policy. 2020 Jun 03 [Online ahead of print]Ehni HJ, Wahl HW
  • The risk of developing severe illness from COVID-19 and of dying from it increases with age. This statistical association has led to numerous highly problematic policy suggestions and comments revealing underlying ageist attitudes and promoting age discrimination. Such attitudes are based on negative stereotypes on the health and functioning of older adults. As a result, the lives of older people…
  • [Ethics and medicine]. [Journal Article]
    Zh Nevrol Psikhiatr Im S S Korsakova. 2020; 120(4):145-149.Damulin IV, Strutzenko AA, Konotop AV
  • The article deals with the problem of ethical constituent both in medical and teaching practice. As to the medical practice, its ethical component is treated as an obligatory one, no matter what physician specialty is. That is why, the importance of ethical aspects in medicine increases greatly now. Neurology is one of the quickly developing disciplines, new data being obtained on etiology, patho…
  • Overview of clinical forensic services in various countries of the European Union. [Journal Article]
    Forensic Sci Res. 2020; 5(1):74-84.Kerbacher S, Pfeifer M, … Yen K
  • Examination of a person who has been a victim of a physical or sexual assault may be very important for upcoming legal proceedings. In the context of a clinical forensic examination, physical findings are recorded and biological trace material is gathered and secured. Ideally, all forensic findings are documented in a detailed report combined with photographic documentation, which employs a foren…
  • Spirituality and effective factors in education: A qualitative study. [Journal Article]
    J Educ Health Promot. 2020; 9:52.Nasrollahi Z, Eskandari N, … Tasuji MHHR
  • CONCLUSIONS: The intensification of the insight, religious worldview and the basic of beliefs, consolidating ethics and empowering faculty members in teaching skills along with building a positive and constructive relationship with the students, as well as institutionalizing spirituality as the inseparable teaching element can facilitate the transfer of spirituality concepts. More studies are needed in this regard.
  • Ethical considerations of gene editing and genetic selection. [Journal Article]
    J Gen Fam Med. 2020 May; 21(3):37-47.Rothschild J
  • For thousands of years, humans have felt the need to understand the world around them-and ultimately manipulate it to best serve their needs. There are always ethical questions to address, especially when the manipulation involves the human genome. There is currently an urgent need to actively pursue those conversations as commercial gene sequencing and editing technologies have become more acces…
  • A systematic literature review of the ethics of conducting research in the humanitarian setting. [Journal Article]
    Confl Health. 2020; 14:27.Bruno W, Haar RJ
  • CONCLUSIONS: Interest in the ethics of studying humanitarian crises has been dramatically increasing in recent years. While key concepts within all research settings such as beneficence, justice and respect for persons are crucially relevant, there are considerations unique to the humanitarian context. The particular vulnerabilities of conflict-affected populations, the contextual challenges of working in humanitarian settings, and the need for ensuring strong community engagement at all levels make this area of research particularly challenging. Humanitarian crises are prevalent throughout the globe, and studying them with the utmost ethical forethought is critical to maintaining sound research principles and ethical standards.
  • Family overrule of registered refusal to donate organs. [Journal Article]
    J Intensive Care Soc. 2020 May; 21(2):179-182.Shaw D, Lewis P, … Gardiner D
  • It is well known that families frequently overrule the wishes of dying patients who had previously expressed a wish to donate their organs. Various strategies have been suggested to reduce the frequency of these 'family overrules'. However, the possibility of families overruling a patient's registered decision not to donate has not been discussed in the medical literature, although it is legally …
  • Moral courage and psychological empowerment among nurses. [Journal Article]
    BMC Nurs. 2020; 19:43.Khoshmehr Z, Barkhordari-Sharifabad M, … Fallahzadeh H
  • CONCLUSIONS: The findings suggested a correlation between moral courage and psychological empowerment. Thus, nurses' moral courage could be enhanced by reinforcing their psychological empowerment leading to increased patient satisfaction and quality care.
  • French West Indies castaway children as a result of the covid-19 outbreak. [Letter]
    Acta Paediatr. 2020 Jun 02 [Online ahead of print]Rambaud J, Flechelle O
  • I read with interest the submission of Haward et al. (1) dealing with the pediatrical ethics issues during this Covid-19 outbreak. I was particularly sensitive to the chapter dedicated to neonatal which highlighted very clearly the indirect consequences of this pandemic on the paediatric population. I would like to insist on the situation in the West Indies. The numbers of adult's vital distress …
  • 2017-19 governmental decisions to allow home use of misoprostol for early medical abortion in the UK. [Journal Article]
    Health Policy. 2020 May 23 [Online ahead of print]Parsons JA
  • Home use of misoprostol for early medical abortion has long been an established practice in several countries. It is a safe, effective, and dignified means of obtaining a legal abortion, with a low risk of complications. In the UK, however, the practice has only recently been permitted. Prior to the change, women were required to attend a clinic to be observed taking the drug, before being discha…
  • A relational ethic of rural home support on two Gulf Island communities, 1978-2018. [Journal Article]
    J Aging Stud. 2020 Jun; 53:100847.Barken R, Davies MJ
  • Since their widespread establishment in the 1970s, home support services across Canada have been subject to shifting state logics, policies, and funding models. The impacts and responses of local actors differ across historical, socio-cultural, and geographical settings. This paper traces the development and evolution of a small home support society on two rural islands off the coast of British C…
  • Perceptions of plagiarism by biomedical researchers: an online survey in Europe and China. [Journal Article]
    BMC Med Ethics. 2020 Jun 01; 21(1):44.Yi N, Nemery B, Dierickx K
  • CONCLUSIONS: Findings indicate that nearly all biomedical researchers understand (and disapprove of) the most obvious forms of plagiarism, but uncertainties and doubts were apparent for many aspects. And the minority of researchers who did not recognize some types of plagiarism as plagiarism was larger among China-based respondents than among Europe-based respondents. The authors conclude that biomedical researchers need clearer working definitions of plagiarism in order to deal with grey zones.
  • Capacity building for implementation research: a methodology for advancing health research and practice. [Journal Article]
    Health Res Policy Syst. 2020 Jun 01; 18(1):53.Dako-Gyeke P, Asampong E, … Aikins M
  • CONCLUSIONS: The approach for training both researchers and practitioners offers a dynamic opportunity for the acquisition and sharing of knowledge for both categories of learners. This approach was crucial in demonstrating a key characteristic of implementation research (e.g. multidisciplinary) practically evident during the training sessions. Using such a model to effectively train participants from various low- and middle-income countries shows the opportunities this training curriculum offers as a capacity-building tool.
  • Teachers' Constructivist and Ethical Beliefs. [Journal Article]
    Behav Sci (Basel). 2020 May 29; 10(6)Sharkey M, Gash H
  • Teachers' approaches and beliefs are key determinants of teachers' practice. This study was designed to examine whether two aspects of Irish primary teacher beliefs are associated, their views on constructivist practices and their views on two ethical dimensions (idealism and relativism). The views of a sample of 35 teachers were assessed using the Constructivist Learning Environment Survey (CLES…
  • Positive Public Health Ethics: Toward Flourishing and Resilient Communities and Individuals. [Journal Article]
    Am J Bioeth. 2020 Jun 02 [Online ahead of print]Prah Ruger J
  • The COVID-19 pandemic is a global contagion of unprecedented proportions and health, economic, and social consequences. As with many health problems, its impact is uneven. This article argues the COVID-19 pandemic is a global health injustice due to moral failures of national governments and international organizations to prepare for, prevent and control it. Global and national health communities…
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