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(extensive limb swelling)
500 results
  • May-Thurner Syndrome: A Consideration for Deep Vein Thrombosis in Males. [Case Reports]
    Case Rep Med. 2020; 2020:2324637.Tian En Jason T, Jia Sheng T, … Sachdeva P
  • May-Thurner syndrome (MTS) is an underdiagnosed cause of lower limb deep vein thrombosis (DVT). The clinical prevalence of MTS-related DVT is likely underestimated, particularly in patients with other more recognisable risk factors. MTS is classically described in females between the age group of 20-50 years. In patients with acute iliofemoral thrombosis, medical treatment with anticoagulation al…
  • Unilateral absence of pulmonary artery and azygous continuation of interrupted inferior vena cava. [Case Reports]
    Radiol Case Rep. 2020 Jun; 15(6):688-690.Bista B, Ferris J, … Urgun D
  • Unilateral absence of pulmonary artery is a rare developmental anomaly. Infrahepatic inferior vena cava interruption is a well-recognized but uncommon developmental anomaly. Presence of both these anomalies in a single individual is extremely rare. A 58-year-old man with a history of recurrent lower extremity deep vein thrombosis and venous insufficiency presented to our emergency department with…
  • Cystic extraskeletal osteosarcoma: Three case reports and review of the literature. [Journal Article]
    Mol Clin Oncol. 2020 May; 12(5):468-474.Araki Y, Yamamoto N, … Tsuchiya H
  • Extraskeletal osteosarcoma is a rare soft tissue sarcoma and typically appears as a solid mass with variable mineralization. A few cases of extraskeletal osteosarcoma have shown extensive hemorrhagic changes or bleeding due to its high-grade malignancy; however, to the best of our knowledge, no previous reports have described the pathological characteristics of tumors with non-hemorrhagic cystic …
  • Diabetic Myonecrosis: An Uncommon Complication of a Common Condition. [Journal Article]
    Eur J Case Rep Intern Med. 2020; 7(3):001389.Storandt M, Thondapi C, Matta A
  • Diabetic myonecrosis is an uncommon complication of diabetes mellitus, most often occurring in patients with poorly controlled, insulin-dependent diabetes. Its etiology is poorly understood, with many suggesting microvascular occlusion to be a key factor resulting in necrosis of skeletal muscle.
  • Scurvy: Forgotten diagnosis, but still exist. [Case Reports]
    Int J Surg Case Rep. 2020; 68:263-266.Miraj F, Abdullah A
  • CONCLUSIONS: Because of the extremely rare occurrence of scurvy in modern society at present, it is difficult to differentiate it from other diseases such as infection. The diagnosis of scurvy is made by careful studies from history taking, physical examination, laboratory and especially radiological finding that show pathognomonic appearance. Examination of vitamin C level serum is a gold standard, but unfortunately not available in our country. Improvement after vitamin C administration also established that condition.Scurvy should have established by clinical and radiological findings that show pathognomonic signs around joint, even without supported by vitamin C serum.
  • Forequarter Amputation and Reconstructive Options. [Journal Article]
    Ann Plast Surg. 2020 Jun; 84(6):651-656.Tukiainen E, Barner-Rasmussen I, … Kaarela O
  • CONCLUSIONS: Limb-sparing treatment is preferable for most shoulder girdle and proximal upper extremity tumors. Sometimes, FQA is the only option enabling curative treatment. In palliative indications, considerable disease-free intervals and relief from disabling symptoms can be achieved. The extensive tissue defects caused by extended FQA can be safely and reliably reconstructed by means of free flaps, preferably harvested from the amputated extremity.
  • High-Altitude Decompression Sickness Treated with Hyperbaric Therapy and Extracorporeal Oxygenation. [Journal Article]
    Aerosp Med Hum Perform. 2020 Feb 01; 91(2):106-109.Siewiera J, Szałański P, … Kot J
  • BACKGROUND: High-altitude decompression sickness (HADCS) is a rare condition that has been associated with aircraft accidents. To the best of our knowledge, the present paper is the first case report of a patient treated for severe HADCS using recompression therapy and veno-venous extracorporeal oxygenation (VV-ECMO) with a complete recovery.CASE REPORT: After depressurization of a cabin, the 5…
  • A Case Report of Extensive Cerebral Venous Sinus Thrombosis as a Presenting Sign of Relapsing Nephrotic Syndrome. [Case Reports]
    Case Rep Neurol Med. 2019; 2019:6840240.Lee JK, Murray K, Renati S
  • Nephrotic syndrome is defined by three characteristic features including proteinuria of >3 g in 24 hours, hypoalbuminemia of less than 3 g/dL, and peripheral edema. Multiple nephropathies can result in nephrotic syndrome. Most commonly, minimal change disease is seen in children under the age of 10, while adults are more commonly found to have membranous nephropathy. Hypercoagulability and thromb…
  • Lessons of the month 2: Connecting the clues: limb swelling and pain. [Journal Article]
    Clin Med (Lond). 2020 Jan; 20(1):105-106.Prossor T, Sriskandarajah K, … Dani M
  • A 28-year-old man presented with a sudden onset of left leg pain and swelling. There was no history of preceding trauma. Initial blood tests were unremarkable, ultrasound imaging showed extensive subcutaneous oedema. He then developed similar symptoms in his right leg, followed by both arms, and finally his forehead. A fluctuating peripheral eosinophilia subsequently developed. Biopsies of the ar…
  • [The swollen leg and clarification of bilateral leg swelling : Practical procedure in general practice]. [Review]
    Internist (Berl). 2020 Jan; 61(1):36-43.Burchert D
  • Swelling of soft parts of the lower extremities, whether uni- or bilateral, is a common reason for consulting a general practitioner (GP). Complex interactions mean that GPs are faced with a wide range of differential diagnoses during clarification of such findings. Of enormous importance is the prevention of a dangerous course, e.g., by initiating weight-adapted calculated antibiotic treatment, …
  • [Dermatomyositis combined with IgA vasculitis: A case report]. [Case Reports]
    Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban. 2019 Dec 18; 51(6):1173-1177.Xu J, Xu J, … Li SG
  • Dermatomyositis (DM) is an autoimmune disease characterized by muscle involvement of the proximal extremities and specific skin involvement, like Gottron sign and heliotrope rash. HenochSchonlein purpura (IgA vasculitis) nephritis is characterized by hematuria and/or proteinuria clinically, with histologic evidence of IgA nephropathy, and also can be clinically characterized by non-thrombocytope…
  • Surgical Management of Idiopathic Ulcerative Calcinosis Cutis in the Lower Extremity: A Case Report. [Case Reports]
    J Foot Ankle Surg. 2020 May - Jun; 59(3):603-607.Johnson AR, Mooshol D, … Williams M
  • The purpose of this case study is to describe the surgical treatment of idiopathic ulcerative cutaneous calcinosis or calcinosis cutis of the lower extremity. A 77-year-old Latin American female who reported no significant past medical history presented to our hospital's emergency department from her home complaining of worsening right lower extremity erythema, edema, increased temperature, and p…
  • Osteoid Osteoma in Children Younger than 3 Years of Age. [Case Reports]
    Case Rep Orthop. 2019; 2019:8201639.Laliotis N, Chrysanthou C, … Papadopoulou L
  • We present a case series of four children, younger than 3 years old, with osteoid osteoma of the lower limb. Pain and limping were the main symptoms. With careful clinical examination, we could localize the affected area. Radiological evaluation revealed cortical thickening in 3 children. On MRI examination, we found extensive edema, with normal bony cortices. The central nidus was found in 3 chi…
  • Holohemispheric Invasive Aspergillus Granulomatous Cerebritis of the Brain. [Case Reports]
    World Neurosurg. 2020 Feb; 134:170-175.Kulanthaivelu K, Prasad C, … Mahadevan A
  • CONCLUSIONS: Diffuse holohemispheric, progressive presentation of a granulomatous form of invasive aspergillosis is a rare entity. The miliary pattern of heterogenous enhancement, holohemispheric conglomerate T2 hypointensities, interspersed hemorrhage, juxtacortical punctate T2 hyperintense foci, low perfusion, and the relative absence of diffusion abnormality are distinctive features. Early diagnosis of this atypical imaging phenotype of Aspergillus infection and appropriate treatment is critical for better prognosis.
  • Intraosseous epithelioid haemangioendothelioma of the mandible: A case report and literature review. [Case Reports]
    Medicine (Baltimore). 2019 Jul; 98(30):e16572.Yang H, Wang J, … Zou H
  • CONCLUSIONS: Intraosseous EHE of the mandible is an unpredictable lesion with a relatively benign course; however, the few reported cases of this disease do not highlight any factors that can predict the risk of locoregional recurrence or metastasis. There is also no consensus regarding the optimal treatment for intraosseous EHE; however, we recommend extensive local excision with close clinical follow-up.
  • Canine Snake-Eye Myelopathy: Clinical, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, and Pathologic Findings in Four Cases. [Case Reports]
    Front Vet Sci. 2019; 6:219.Rossmeisl JH, Cecere TE, … Stahle JA
  • Intramedullary signal change (ISC) is a non-specific finding that is frequently observed on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examinations of the canine spinal cord. ISC can represent a variety of primary pathological processes such as neoplasms or myelitides or secondary changes such as edema, cysts, gliosis, or myelomalacia. An unusual phenotype of ISC is the "snake-eye" myelopathy (SEM), which …
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