- UV protective heterocyclic disperse azo dyes: Spectral properties, dyeing, potent antibacterial activity on dyed fabric and comparative computational study. [Journal Article]
- SASpectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc 2019 Jul 08; 223:117353
- Disperse azo dyes are synthesized and characterized by 1H NMR, 13C NMR, LC-MS, Elemental analysis, UV-visible, and fluorescence spectroscopy methods. The azo dyes show absorption maxima in the range …
Disperse azo dyes are synthesized and characterized by 1H NMR, 13C NMR, LC-MS, Elemental analysis, UV-visible, and fluorescence spectroscopy methods. The azo dyes show absorption maxima in the range of 460-493 nm. Dye with benzothiazole moiety i.e. VM7a and VM8a show a bathochromic shift in absorption maxima of 90 and 26 nm respectively in a polar aprotic solvent (i.e. DMF, DMSO). The dyes show deep red emission in a polar aprotic solvent (i.e. DMF, DMSO) with a Stokes shift of 62 to 180 nm. The dyes are applied on polyester fabric and the dyed fabric exhibit excellent to a good wash and sublimation fastness property. They show a very good UPF rating and almost blocking 95 to 98% of harmful UV radiation. Antibacterial activity of dyed polyester fabric is assessed qualitatively and quantitatively by using AATCC 147 and 100 test method respectively. The dyed fabrics exhibit excellent antibacterial activities against S.aureus (Gram-positive) and K. pneumoniae (Gram-negative). DFT method was used to identify the stable conformer. HOMO-LUMO gap and global reactivity descriptors were calculated using DFT method and correlated with antibacterial activities and light fastness properties respectively.
- A Surface Dielectric Barrier Discharge Plasma for Preparing Cotton-Fabric-Supported Silver Nanoparticles. [Journal Article]
- NNanomaterials (Basel) 2019 Jul 01; 9(7)
- Cotton-fabric-supported silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) have aroused great attention due to their remarkable physical and chemical properties and excellent broad-spectrum antibacterial performance.In t…
Cotton-fabric-supported silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) have aroused great attention due to their remarkable physical and chemical properties and excellent broad-spectrum antibacterial performance.In this work, a surface dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) plasma method is developed and employed to prepare cotton fabric supported Ag NPs (Ag/cotton) for the first time. UV-Vis and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) results confirm the formation of Ag NPs. TEM images show that the size of Ag NPs is in the range 4.8-5.3 nm. Heat-sensitive cotton fabrics are not destroyed by surface DBD plasma according to FTIR and XRDresults. Wash fastness of the Ag/cotton samples is investigated using ultrasonic treatment for 30 min and it is shown that the Ag NPs possess good adhesion to the cotton fabric according to UV-Vis spectra. Antibacterial activity of the Ag/cotton samples shows that obvious bacteriostasis loops are observed around the samples with the appearance of both Gram-negative bacterium Escherichia coli (E. coli) and Gram-positive bacterium Bacillus subtilis (B. subtilis). The average diameter of the bacteriostasis loops against both E. coli and B. subtilis becomes larger with an increasing silver loading amount.This work provides a universal, fast, simple, and environmentally-friendly cold plasma method for synthesizing Ag NPs on heat-sensitive materials at atmospheric pressure.
- Optimization and characterization of red pigment production from an endophytic fungus, Nigrospora aurantiaca CMU-ZY2045, and its potential source of natural dye for use in textile dyeing. [Journal Article]
- AMAppl Microbiol Biotechnol 2019 Jun 26
- Some of the most important natural pigments have been produced from fungi and used for coloring in food, cosmetics, textiles, and pharmaceutical products. Forty-seven isolates of endophytic fungi wer…
Some of the most important natural pigments have been produced from fungi and used for coloring in food, cosmetics, textiles, and pharmaceutical products. Forty-seven isolates of endophytic fungi were isolated from Cinnamomum zeylanicum in northern Thailand. Only one isolate, CMU-ZY2045, produced an extracellularly red pigment. This isolate was identified as Nigrospora aurantiaca based on morphological characteristics and the molecular phylogenetic analysis of a combined four loci (large subunit and internal transcribed spacer of ribosomal DNA, β-tubulin, and translation elongation factor 1-alpha genes). The optimum conditions for red pigment production from this fungus were investigated. The results indicated that the highest red pigment yield was observed in the liquid medium containing glucose as a carbon source and yeast extract as a nitrogen source, at a pH value of 5.0 and at 27 °C with shaking for 5 days. The crude red pigment revealed the highest level of solubility in methanol. A fungal red pigment was found to have high stability at temperatures ranging from 20 to 50 °C and pH values at a range of 5.0-6.0. Based on liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry analyses, the red pigment was characterized as bostrycin. The extracted pigment was used for the textile dyeing process. Crude fungal red pigment revealed the highest staining ability in cotton fabrics and displayed excellent fastness to washing, which showing negative cytotoxicity at the concentrations used to cell culture. This is the first report on bostrycin production from N. aurantiaca.
- Study of photoluminescence property on cellulosic fabric using multifunctional biomaterials riboflavin and its derivative Flavin mononucleotide. [Journal Article]
- SRSci Rep 2019 Jun 18; 9(1):8696
- Flavins are ubiquitous in nature and participate in various biochemical reactions mainly in the form of coenzyme Flavin mononucleotide (FMN) or as precursor such as Riboflavin (RF). Both flavins, RF …
Flavins are ubiquitous in nature and participate in various biochemical reactions mainly in the form of coenzyme Flavin mononucleotide (FMN) or as precursor such as Riboflavin (RF). Both flavins, RF and FMN are multifunctional bio-based molecules yielding yellow coloration and exhibit photoluminescence, UV protection, and redox properties. The aim of the present research study was to investigate the diffusion method as a technique to obtain photoluminescent cellulosic fabric using multifunctional RF and FMN. The photoluminescent moiety RF and FMN exhibited three maximum absorbance peaks at about 270 nm, 370 nm and 446 nm in aqueous solution at pH 7. The solutions of RF and FMN with concentration 4% and 20% (owf) at pH 7 were prepared and used in diffusion method for cellulosic fabric dyeing. The study involved the determination of color performance and evaluation of luminescence property of the dyed fabric using UV-visible spectrophotometer and photoluminescence spectroscopy, respectively. Under monochromatic UV lamp exposure emitting at 370 nm, the dyed fabric showed an intense emission of greenish yellow color, which was later confirmed by the intense photoluminescence observed at a wavelength of about 570 nm. The study demonstrates the theoretical evaluation of quantum efficiency (φ) obtaining maximum φ value of 0.28. Higher color strength value and improved wash fastness were obtained by treatment with different biobased mordants such as tannic acid and citric acid as well as calcium chloride for both RF and FMN. Additionally, ultraviolet (UV) protection ability for both RF and FMN dyed fabric were determined and showed UPF factor of 50+ and 35 respectively. The work allowed us to explore the photoluminescence property of riboflavin and Flavin mononucleotide for its application in the field of textiles as a new scope of producing photoluminescent textile along with multifunctional properties such as coloration and UV protection.
- One-Bath Pretreatment for Enhancing the Color Yield and Anti-Static Properties of Inkjet Printed Polyester Using Disperse Inks. [Journal Article]
- MMaterials (Basel) 2019 Jun 05; 12(11)
- This paper presents a simple and economical method for preparing durable anti-static functionalized inkjet prints by using P[St-BA-F6]-novel antistatic agents synthesized by an oxidative polymerizati…
This paper presents a simple and economical method for preparing durable anti-static functionalized inkjet prints by using P[St-BA-F6]-novel antistatic agents synthesized by an oxidative polymerization of styrene, butyl acrylate, and allyl alcohol polyether F6. The P[St-BA-F6] was characterized by gel permeation chromatography and Fourier transformation infrared spectroscopy. One bath pretreatment solution containing P[St-BA-F6] and pentaerythritol tetraacrylate (PETA) were applied to polyester fabrics before inkjet printing, in order to enhance the color yield and the anti-static properties. The pretreatment conditions, including the concentrations of P[St-BA-F6], curing temperature, and time, were optimized based on inkjet printed polyester fabrics. SEM (scanning electron microscope), XPS (X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy), XRD (X-ray diffractometer), TG (thermogravimetric), and DSC (differential scanning calorimetry) examined the fabrics. The results showed that the treated PET fabrics exhibited good applied performances, such as higher color yield, better dry rubbing fastness, lower electrostatic voltage, and durable anti-static properties, even after washing 10 times. These results can be attributed to alcohol polythene group (F6) and allyl group (PETA). PETA can be cross-linked with P[St-BA-F6] and PET fiber. The thermal stability of the treated fabric was lower than that of the untreated fabric, owing to the presence of resin film on the fiber surface.
- A novel green approach for dyeing polyester using glycerine based eutectic solvent as a dyeing medium. [Journal Article]
- HHeliyon 2019; 5(5):e01606
- In the past decade, water scarcity has become major concern and is going to be reality in future too. At the same time textile is necessity which needs a billion liters of fresh water for its process…
In the past decade, water scarcity has become major concern and is going to be reality in future too. At the same time textile is necessity which needs a billion liters of fresh water for its processing. Out of this 16 % of water is only used for dyeing of textile materials. In a quest to develop a sustainable approach to reduce water scarcity, an attempt has been made to minimize water consumption in textile wet processing. In this work, an eco-friendly glycerine based eutectic solvent (GES) was prepared by using choline chloride, urea and glycerin to reduce water consumption in polyester dyeing. The prepared solvent was characterized in terms of FTIR. Dyeing parameters like time, temperature and pH were optimized for dyeing of polyester using GES as a dyeing medium. The efficacy of dyeing was analyzed by colour strength and colour performance properties; sublimation, wash and light fastness. In comparison with conventional dyed polyester overall dyeing performance was found to be better without affecting tensile strength of polyester which remains almost same whereas thermal stability of solvent dyed polyester was slightly improved compared with aqueous dyed polyester. The results obtained from this study suggest that the GES as a polyester dyeing medium can be a green approach in dyeing of polyester.
- A new durable pigment with hydrophobic surface based on natural nanotubes and indigo: Interactions and stability. [Journal Article]
- JCJ Colloid Interface Sci 2019 Apr 24; 552:204-217
- Covering with polyorganosilane (POS) was proved as an effective way to enhance the chemical and thermal stability of clay/dye hybrid pigments. But the photostability and interactions with clay minera…
Covering with polyorganosilane (POS) was proved as an effective way to enhance the chemical and thermal stability of clay/dye hybrid pigments. But the photostability and interactions with clay minerals, dyes and POS layer has never been reported. In order to investigate above issues, new organic-inorganic hybrid pigments based on halloysite (Hal) and indigo (In) were prepared by grinding method. X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, thermogravimetry, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy were applied to characterize the structure of In-Hal (without POS layer) and In-Hal-POS (with POS layer) pigments. Solid state nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) was employed to reveal the interactions between Hal, In and POS. Reflection spectra and CIE 1976 color space system were used to evaluate the color parameters and color changes of pigments. Thermal stability, chemical resistance to ethanol, 1 mol·L-1 HCl and 1 mol⋅L-1 NaOH, and light fastness to visible light were tested. Indigo molecules dispersed on the surface of Hal nanotubes. POS layer homogeneously covered on the surface of hybrid pigments, without changing the crystal structure and morphology of Hal. Covering with POS layer seldomly affect the color of hybrid pigments. However, In-Hal-POS exhibited better stability than In-Hal, due to hydrophobic surface which can prevent indigo molecules from chemical reactions and degradation. A new route was proposed to prepare organic-inorganic hybrid pigments, ignoring the interaction between dye molecules and substrates.
- Grafting of chitosan-acrylamide hybrid on the wool: Characterization, reactive dyeing, antioxidant and antibacterial studies. [Journal Article]
- IJInt J Biol Macromol 2019 Aug 01; 134:1170-1178
- This study presents a new approach to enhance reactive dye uptake and functional finishing of wool yarns via simple grafting with synthesized chitosan-acrylamide (Ch-Ac) hybrid. To this, Ch-Ac was sy…
This study presents a new approach to enhance reactive dye uptake and functional finishing of wool yarns via simple grafting with synthesized chitosan-acrylamide (Ch-Ac) hybrid. To this, Ch-Ac was synthesized and characterized with fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) techniques. Then, Ch-Ac was grafted on wool, characterized with FTIR, SEM, and weight gain analysis and dyeability with two commercial reactive dyes. Results showed that Ch-Ac treated wool could be dyed at lower temperatures (ca. 40 °C), times (ca. 30 min), and amount of reactive dye (2% owf) as compared to raw wool. Also, deeper shades not obtainable in conventional dyeing could be attained using Ch-Ac treated wool. In addition, Ch-Ac treatment imparted very good radical scavenging and excellent antibacterial activity against gram-negative (E. coli) and gram-positive (S. aureus) bacteria. Color fastness results confirmed that Ch-Ac treatment had no adverse effect on durability of dyes against washing, light, rubbing and perspiration. The results of this study clearly indicated that Ch-Ac can be used in eco-friendly functional finishing of wool with enhanced reactive dye uptake, minimized residual dye in wastewater, saving in consumption of chemicals, energy, and time of dyeing.
- [Speckle Tracking Echocardiography - a New Tool for the Intensive Care Unit?] [Journal Article]
- AIAnasthesiol Intensivmed Notfallmed Schmerzther 2019; 54(5):356-363
- The noninvasive evaluation of cardiac morphology and function by echocardiography is an essential part of modern intensive care therapy. However, this procedure can be challenging and beginners often…
The noninvasive evaluation of cardiac morphology and function by echocardiography is an essential part of modern intensive care therapy. However, this procedure can be challenging and beginners often lack the ability to objectively state the correct global and regional myocardial function. Recent developments allow a semi-automatic deformation (strain) analysis by a couple of more objective respective parametric techniques. Strain describes the change in length of a myocardial segment during the cardiac cycle. While this is primarily a regional analysis, an insight into the global left ventricular deformation is possible by averaging all relevant segments. Speckle tracking echocardiography (STE) is actually the only clinically relevant technique and is well scientifically and clinically approved. The advantages of STE are the angle-independency, the ease and fastness of its use, the availability at the bedside and low costs. Through proven good reproducibility it should be a good method for repeated analysis even by different echocardiographers. However, actually the greatest disadvantage is the variation of measures between different vendors of ultrasound machines and software-packages. At the moment, a task force of leading echocardiography experts and industry personal is working on a solution. Normal values have been published for healthy collectives and STE has been in use in the majority of cardiac diseases. Besides from a few research studies, the usage in critically ill patients actually is still limited.
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- In Situ Surface Modification of Paper-Based Relics with Atmospheric Pressure Plasma Treatment for Preservation Purposes. [Journal Article]
- PPolymers (Basel) 2019 May 02; 11(5)
- Paper-based relics, which are an important part of cultural heritage worldwide, are at risk of imminent damage from various environmental sources. To protect them, the atmospheric pressure plasma pol…
Paper-based relics, which are an important part of cultural heritage worldwide, are at risk of imminent damage from various environmental sources. To protect them, the atmospheric pressure plasma polymerization of hexamethyldisiloxane (HMDSO) precursor has been explored on paper-based relics in situ. The macro and micro images taken during this process suggest that the in situ plasma treatment does not change the macro morphology and the micro structure of the treated paper-based relic samples. On the other hand, plasma treatment causes the polymerization of the HMDSO which then produces nanoparticles deposited onto the paper-based relics. These nanoparticles provide good waterproof properties with large static water contact angles and smaller rolling angles, which protect the paper-based relics from water penetration. Moreover, since the nanoparticles are deposited onto the fibers, waterproof fastness is ensured. Also, the examined mechanical properties of the treated and untreated paper-based relics indicate that the atmospheric pressure plasma treatment does not affect the strength of the paper very much. The results in this study show that atmospheric pressure plasma treatment with the use of HMDSO precursor is a good method to preserve paper-based relics.