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1,513 results
  • Cranial Fossa Development in Differing Subtypes of Crouzon Syndrome. [Journal Article]
    J Craniofac Surg 2020Lu X, Forte AJ, … Persing JA
  • CONCLUSIONS: Pansynostosis is the most often form of associated craniosynostoses of Crouzon syndrome, however bilateral coronal synostosis may not dominate this form of Crouzon syndrome. The anterior, middle and posterior cranial fossae may have simultaneously reduced volume if the midline suture synostosis is involved. Individualized treatment planning for Crouzon syndrome patient, theoretically should include the patient's age and temporal associated maldevelopment suture sequence.
  • Extraoral anatomy in CBCT – a literature review. Part 2: Zygomatico-orbital region [Review]
    Swiss Dent J 2020; 130(2):126-138von Arx T, Lozanoff S, Bornstein MM
  • This second article about extraoral anatomy as seen in cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) images presents a literature review of the zygomatico-orbital region. The latter bounds the maxillary sinus superiorly and laterally. Since pathologic changes of the maxillary sinus are a frequent indication for three-dimensional radiography, the contiguous orbital cavity and the zygomatic bone may become …
  • Numerical simulation of nasal airflows and thermal air modification in newborns. [Journal Article]
    Med Biol Eng Comput 2019Moreddu E, Meister L, … Nicollas R
  • Warming, filtering, and humidification of inspired air are major functions of the upper airway, which can be negatively altered by local disorders or surgical interventions. These functions have not been described in neonates because of ethical and technical problems difficult to solve. Numerical simulations can get around these limitations. The objective of this study was to analyze physiologica…
  • [Results of surgical treatment of skull-base primary malignant tumors with intracranial invasion]. [Journal Article]
    Zh Vopr Neirokhir Im N N Burdenko 2019; 83(5):31-43Cherekayev VA, Kozlov AV, … Shishkina LV
  • CONCLUSIONS: The impact on life expectancy was largely provided by postoperative radiation therapy, the repeated nature of operation, and the presence of brain infiltration. In the total cohort of patients 5-year OS, 5-year RVS, 5-year-old IDF and 5-year LC were 50.7, 35, 54.2 and 36.4%, respectively. In group I, the medians OS and IDF were equal and amounted to 138.3 months. The median RVS was 43.8 months. 5-year OS equal to 63.6%, 5-year RVS - 40.8%, 5-year-IDF - 64.8%, 5-year LC was up to 65.7%. The survival rate in the analyzed cohort for 1, 2, 3 years was 81.4, 71.8 and 67.8%, respectively. In group II, the treatment results for the group of repeatedly treated patients were significantly worse. There were no cases of 5-year survival. The 1-, 2-, and 3-year survival rates were 59.3, 50.8 and 31.8%, respectively. The median OS was 27.1 months, IDF was 27.1 months, RVS was 18.2 months, and LC was 9.1 months.The results and analysis of literature justify the feasibility of surgical treatment of patients with malignant tumors of craniofacial localization at T4 stage. The purpose of surgical intervention should be: elimination of the immediate threat to the patient's life due to edema and dislocation of the brain; the maximum possible removal of tumor tissue (cytoreduction); if possible, the elimination of the most significant symptoms for the patient (pain, nasal breathing disorders, cosmetic defect). If there are special reserves, it is obligatory to include radiation and chemotherapy in the treatment process.
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