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11,382 results
  • Deep Infections After Pediatric Spinal Arthrodesis: Differences Exist with Idiopathic, Neuromuscular, or Genetic and Syndromic Cause of Deformity. [Journal Article]
    J Bone Joint Surg Am 2019Sullivan BT, Abousamra O, … Sponseller PD
  • CONCLUSIONS: Deep surgical site infections were more common in genetic and syndromic scoliosis than in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis and kyphosis, but less common than in neuromuscular scoliosis. Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis and kyphosis had the highest ratio of late to early deep surgical site infections. Patients with genetic and syndromic scoliosis had predominantly gram-negative microorganisms, particularly in early deep surgical site infections. Methicillin-resistant S. aureus infection was rare, occurring in only 2 patients with neuromuscular scoliosis. Gram-negative and gram-positive prophylactic antibiotics may be indicated for patients with genetic and syndromic scoliosis after spinal arthrodesis.
  • Cervical Spondylotic Amyotrophy: Case Series and Review of the Literature. [Journal Article]
    Neurospine 2019; 16(3):579-588Takahashi T, Hanakita J, … Kanematsu R
  • CONCLUSIONS: The present study focused on the surgical results in patients who were surgically treated for CSA along with updated information from a literature review. Improvement of motor weakness is expected with acceptable prevalence although higher age can be a negative factor. Surgical outcomes and predictive factors related to a poor prognosis were determined and compared with those of previous articles.
  • Cervical Spine Deformity Correction Techniques. [Journal Article]
    Neurospine 2019; 16(3):470-482Dru AB, Lockney DT, … Hoh DJ
  • Cervical kyphotic deformity can be a debilitating condition with symptoms ranging from mechanical neck pain, radiculopathy, and myelopathy to impaired swallowing and horizontal gaze. Surgical correction of cervical kyphosis has the potential to halt progression of neurological and clinical deterioration and even restore function. There are various operative approaches and deformity correction tec…
  • Posterior Surgical Techniques for Cervical Spondylotic Myelopathy: WFNS Spine Committee Recommendations. [Journal Article]
    Neurospine 2019; 16(3):421-434Bajamal AH, Kim SH, … World Federation of Neurosurgical Societies (WFNS) Spine Committee
  • CONCLUSIONS: It is necessary to consider multiple factors when deciding on the appropriate operation for a particular patient. Surgeons need to tailor preoperative discussions to ensure that patients are aware of these facts. Further research is needed on the cost-to-benefit analysis of various surgical approaches, the comparative efficacy of surgical approaches using various techniques, and long-term outcomes, as current knowledge is deficient in this regard.
  • Effect of cervical flexion and extension on thoracic sagittal alignment. [Journal Article]
    J Orthop Surg (Hong Kong) 2019 Sep-Dec; 27(3):2309499019876999Konishi T, Endo K, … Yamamoto K
  • CONCLUSIONS: Cervical flexion affects the T1S and T5-T8 angle, but there is no significant change in T1-T4 and T9 and lower spino-pelvic columns. This study suggests that T2-T4 can be considered as a stable distal end when cervical long fixation for corrective surgery is performed.
  • Spondylocostal Dysostosis Associated with Split Spinal Cord and Other Malformations. [Journal Article]
    Pediatr Neurosurg 2019; :1-8Milić I, Milić M, … Marinković S
  • Spondylocostal dysostosis is a very rare combination of complex vertebra and rib malformations, accompanied occasionally by other disorders. A 3-year-old girl presented kyphoscoliosis, foot deformities, gate disturbance, and urinary incontinence. The CT and MRI examination revealed kyphosis and scoliosis with a double curve, some absent, broadened, bifurcating and fused ribs, hemivertebrae, butte…
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