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531 results
  • The fear of what goes up must come down: A case report of vulnerable narcissism. [Letter]
    Asian J Psychiatr. 2020 May 17; 54:102117.Chong SC, Ang JK, Hashim H
  • Pathological narcissism or narcissistic personality disorder is commonly characterized by an exaggerated sense of self-importance, condescending attitude, need for excessive admiration, diminished empathy and exploitativeness. In contrast to these overt attributes, there is a different presentation of pathological narcissism which is underrecognized, as one's preoccupation with hypervigilant, sel…
  • Reward processing and psychopathic traits in children. [Journal Article]
    Personal Disord. 2020 Jun 25 [Online ahead of print]Gao Y, Zhang W
  • Growing evidence has suggested that the mechanisms underlying the 3 dimensions of psychopathic traits, including grandiose-manipulative, callous-unemotional, and daring-impulsive, are different. As yet, the neurobiological correlates of each dimension have not been fully understood. In this study, we examined if reward processing deficits were differentially associated with these traits, and whet…
  • Neurotropism of SARS-CoV-2: COVID-19 presenting with an acute manic episode. [Case Reports]
    BMJ Case Rep. 2020 Jun 14; 13(6)Mawhinney JA, Wilcock C, … Roshanzamir S
  • A 41-year-old man with no significant medical history presented with acute behavioural disruption on the background of a 1-day history of severe headache and a 10-day history of dry cough and fever. He was sexually disinhibited with pressured speech and grandiose ideas. His behaviour worsened, necessitating heavy sedation and transfer to intensive care for mechanical ventilation despite no respir…
  • Zen Mind, Machine Mind. [Journal Article]
    IEEE Comput Graph Appl. 2020 Jul-Aug; 40(4):5-7.Singh G
  • Artificial intelligence and machine learning are often discussed in grandiose contexts. Global technologies, trillion-dollar companies or sweeping societal implications tend to dominate the arguments. Terms like big data and petabyte storage evoke vastness. As an artist, David Young wants nothing to do with any of this. He would rather concern himself with beauty, mystery, and the little things i…
  • Narcissism, the Experience of Pain, and Risky Decision Making. [Journal Article]
    Front Psychol. 2020; 11:1128.Buelow MT, Brunell AB
  • Personality characteristics and situational factors are known to influence performance on behavioral decision making tasks; however, variability exists in the relationship between narcissism and decision making. In addition, recent research suggests that the presence of acute pain can negatively affect decisions, and even the threat of pain can also cause changes in decision making. Narcissists a…
  • Narcissism and problematic social media use: A systematic literature review. [Review]
    Addict Behav Rep. 2020 Jun; 11:100252.Casale S, Banchi V
  • CONCLUSIONS: The results generally revealed that narcissism might be involved in PFU, but it might not have consistent effects across social media platforms. The assessment of problematic social media use without distinguishing different platforms might not individuate narcissists' preferences and risks. However, our findings need to be interpreted with caution not only due to the relatively small number of studies on this topic but also because 19 studies out 21 used a cross-sectional design.
  • Narcissistic traits in young people: understanding the role of parenting and maltreatment. [Journal Article]
    Borderline Personal Disord Emot Dysregul. 2020; 7:10.van Schie CC, Jarman HL, … Grenyer BFS
  • CONCLUSIONS: Remembered childhood experiences of being overprotected, overvalued and experiencing leniency in parental discipline, were associated with higher traits of pathological narcissism in young people. Care and maltreatment were non-specific risk factors. Remembered childhood environments of being excessively pampered are associated with grandiose and vulnerable narcissistic traits, characterised by the young person expressing unrealistic self-views, entitlement beliefs and impaired autonomy. In treatment these traits may emerge in the patient-therapist relationship and working through their developmental origins may contribute to outcomes.
  • Predicting boundary violation propensity among mental health professionals. [Journal Article]
    Clin Psychol Psychother. 2020 Apr 28 [Online ahead of print]Dickeson E, Roberts R, Smout MF
  • Despite its clear importance, there have been very few empirical investigations of boundary violation propensity among mental health professionals. The present study explored the relationships between self-reported propensity for boundary violations and predictors theorized to increase their likelihood. Australian mental health professionals (N = 275) completed an online questionnaire battery inc…
  • Structure of positive psychotic symptoms in individuals at clinical high risk for psychosis. [Journal Article]
    Early Interv Psychiatry. 2020 Apr 26 [Online ahead of print]Azis M, Rouhakhtar PR, … Mittal VA
  • CONCLUSIONS: There is a clear three-dimensional model, distinguishing perceptual abnormalities, and two subgroups of delusions in CHR individuals. The factors are similar to those found in psychotic disorders. The identification and comparison of symptomatic models is useful given the prominent role positive symptoms play in diagnosis, and is crucial to our understanding of the clinical progression of psychosis. This work may provide a useful tool for future studies examining correlations with varying symptom factors and disease progression in CHR.
  • Delirious mania as a frequent and recognizable neuropsychiatric syndrome in patients with anti-NMDAR encephalitis. [Journal Article]
    Gen Hosp Psychiatry. 2020 May - Jun; 64:50-55.Restrepo-Martinez M, Ramirez-Bermudez J, … Espinola-Nadurille M
  • CONCLUSIONS: Delirious mania proved to be a frequent neuropsychiatric presentation of ANMDARE, and its presence should warn the physician about the possibility of this diagnosis. It was mainly associated with higher rates of catatonia, psychomotor agitation, disinhibition, and psychotic symptoms. The lack of recognition of delirious mania as a neuropsychiatric presentation in ANMDARE may be a source of diagnostic and therapeutic errors, as most physicians associate this with bipolar disorder.
  • The Bright and Dark Aspects of Grit in the Pursuit of Success. [Journal Article]
    Psychol Rep. 2020 Feb 20 [Online ahead of print]Houston JM, Luchner A, … Leftwich C
  • Grit, defined as passion and perseverance for long-term goals, predicts success in a number of social domains. The present two studies examined grit and its subscales, and how these relate to both adaptive and maladaptive personality traits pertaining to success. For Study 1, based on data from 249 participants, results indicated that grit was correlated positively with proactive personality, per…
  • The origin of our modern concept of mania in texts from 1780 to 1900. [Review]
    Mol Psychiatry. 2020 Feb 07 [Online ahead of print]Kendler KS
  • The development of the modern concept of mania is explored by a review and analysis of 28 psychiatric texts in English, French, and German published in Western Europe and North America from 1780 to 1900. From 1780 until the 1820s, mania was consistently viewed as a disorder of reasoning/judgment manifest by total insanity and/or the state of undifferentiated fury. For the next 30 years, the conse…
  • [The Psychoactive Power of Foods: A Case of Acute Nutmeg Intoxication]. [Journal Article]
    Acta Med Port. 2019 Sep 30 [Online ahead of print]Duarte D, Mendonça M, Ramos L
  • Ingestion of high doses of nutmeg causes potentially serious and disabling medical and psychiatric consequences. No isolated component of nutmeg has been identified as responsible for all symptoms observed during intoxication, however myristicin, one of the essential oil's components of this spice, is believed to be responsible for most psychoactive effects, although the exact mechanism is not kn…
  • The "Why" and "How" of Narcissism: A Process Model of Narcissistic Status Pursuit. [Journal Article]
    Perspect Psychol Sci. 2020 01; 15(1):150-172.Grapsas S, Brummelman E, … Denissen JJA
  • We propose a self-regulation model of grandiose narcissism. This model illustrates an interconnected set of processes through which narcissists (i.e., individuals with relatively high levels of grandiose narcissism) pursue social status in their moment-by-moment transactions with their environments. The model shows that narcissists select situations that afford status. Narcissists vigilantly atte…
  • Understanding, treating, and renaming grandiose delusions: A qualitative study. [Journal Article]
    Psychol Psychother. 2019 Nov 29 [Online ahead of print]Isham L, Griffith L, … Freeman D
  • CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that grandiosity is a psychologically rich experience, with a number of maintenance factors that may be amenable to a targeted psychological intervention. Importantly, the term 'grandiose delusion' is an imprecise description of the experience; we suggest 'delusions of exceptionality' may be a credible alternative.
  • Neurotic personality traits and associated dysfunctional attitudes as factors predisposing patients to suicidal ideations at the end of intensive psychotherapy. [Journal Article]
    Psychiatr Pol. 2019 Aug 31; 53(4):883-899.Rodziński P, Ostachowska A, … Mielimąka M
  • CONCLUSIONS: In patients who declared these attitudes, there was a higher risk of SI at the end of the psychotherapy cycle than in the remaining patients (10-30% vs. 4%), which indicates the presence of specific dysfunctions of personality, in the case of which intensive psychotherapeutic work requires particular caution -it can trigger emotional stress leading to SI instances. It can be assumed that SI are the result of the reconstruction of defense mechanisms while working on insight, confrontation with the causes and consequences of the patients' own physical aggression towards the loved ones, the realization of the size of their grandiose thinking and the insight into its function, and the insight into the causes of resignation attitudes.
  • Optic Nerve Atrophy in N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) Encephalitis. [Journal Article]
    Can J Neurol Sci. 2020 Jan; 47(1):139-141.Schulz DC, Pandey SK, Bursztyn LLCD
  • N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDA) encephalitis is a recently described autoimmune disease that typically presents with prodromal symptoms including upper respiratory tract infection, headache, fever, nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. Psychiatric symptoms follow within weeks, including anxiety, insomnia, mania, paranoia and grandiose delusions. The diagnosis is confirmed by the detection of NMDA a…
  • A case report of persistent risky dietary behaviors in a bipolar disorder patient. [Case Reports]
    BMC Psychiatry. 2019 11 08; 19(1):353.Duan Y, Cao J, … Wei J
  • CONCLUSIONS: The case describes persistent risky dietary behaviors in a bipolar patient even after affective symptoms were under control, which ultimately led to diverse parasitic infections and chronic encephalopathy. We call for clinical and scientific attention to possible dangerous behavior changes in bipolar patients even after their emotions are stabilized.
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