- The Potential Role of Medicinal Plants in Bone Regeneration. [Journal Article]
- ATAltern Ther Health Med 2019; 25(4):32-39
- CONCLUSIONS: Many plants possess components that are effective in promoting bone regeneration and new pharmaceutical technology and pharmacological researchers should be performed in order to establish the dose and the appropriate delivery vehicle of administration of the plant or its compounds.
- Antiparasitic and Antifungal Medications for Targeting Cancer Cells Literature Review and Case Studies. [Journal Article]
- ATAltern Ther Health Med 2019; 25(4):26-31
- CONCLUSIONS: Due to the complexity of the behavior and biology of cells, scientists' primary focus should be on detection and elimination of sources of inflammation. Antiparasitic medications, and also antiviral, antibiotic, and antifungal medications should be thought of as underrecognized, underappreciated, and forgotten medications that can be part of cancer therapy. The information offered in this review suggests scientists should think of cancer not only as a metabolic disease but also as a metabolic parasite and should consider using antiparasitic medications under a new understanding of the role of inflammation, infection, and mitochondrial dysfunction in the development of cancer cells.
- Modified Citrus Pectin / Alginate Dietary Supplement Increased Fecal Excretion of Uranium: A Family. [Journal Article]
- ATAltern Ther Health Med 2019; 25(4):20-24
- CONCLUSIONS: The supplement promoted fecal excretion of what is likely ongoing low-level exposure via ingestion. This is the first report of a supplement promoting uranium excretion suggesting it may reduce negative health effects in regions where chronic uranium exposure is known.
- The constitutive expression of alfalfa MsMYB2L enhances salinity and drought tolerance of Arabidopsis thaliana. [Journal Article]
- PPPlant Physiol Biochem 2019 Jun 08; 141:300-305
- MYB-type transcription factors are known to participate in the response of plants to a number of stress agents. MsMYB2L is an alfalfa member of this large gene family. Its transcription in alfalfa se…
MYB-type transcription factors are known to participate in the response of plants to a number of stress agents. MsMYB2L is an alfalfa member of this large gene family. Its transcription in alfalfa seedlings was found to be rapidly and strongly induced by salinity, moisture deficiency and exogenously supplied abscisic acid. An analysis based on a yeast one hybrid assay indicated that its product is able to activate transcription, consistent with its function as a transcription factor. When the gene was constitutively expressed in Arabidopsis thaliana, both germination and seedling growth were more sensitive to ABA treatment than wild type, and growth was less strongly compromised by salinity and moisture deficiency stress, presumably as a result of the induction of certain stress-related genes active in ABA-dependent pathways. The transgenic seedlings' enhanced the synthesis of many osmotic regulatory substances such as proline and soluble sugar, and decreased the lipid peroxidation. In all, MsMYB2L represents a potential candidate gene for manipulating the salinity and drought tolerance of alfalfa.
- Silicon nutrition improves growth of salt-stressed wheat by modulating flows and partitioning of Na+, Cl- and mineral ions. [Journal Article]
- PPPlant Physiol Biochem 2019 Jun 11; 141:291-299
- Silicon (Si) is reported to improve salt stress tolerance of cereals, but little is known about the effects of Si on flows and partitioning of sodium (Na+), chloride (Cl-), and essential mineral ions…
Silicon (Si) is reported to improve salt stress tolerance of cereals, but little is known about the effects of Si on flows and partitioning of sodium (Na+), chloride (Cl-), and essential mineral ions at the tissue and cellular level. Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) was exposed to 200 mM NaCl for 30 d in hydroponics, with or without 2 mM Si. X-ray microanalysis coupled with scanning electron microscopy (SEM) was used to quantify the cell-specific ion profiles across root and leaf cells, paralleled by measurements of wheat growth and physiological responses. Under salt stress, higher Na+ and Cl- concentrations were detected in root epidermal, cortical and stelar cells, eventually increasing their concentrations in different leaf cells, being highest in the epidermal cells and lowest in the vascular bundle cells. The potassium (K+) and magnesium (Mg2+) profiles were generally opposite to those of Na+ and Cl-. NaCl-dependent deregulation of essential nutrient homeostasis and excessive toxic ions accumulation in leaves was correlated with enhanced electrolyte leakage index (ELI), decreased chlorophyll contents, photosynthesis and other physiological parameters, and ultimately hampered plant growth. Conversely, Si addition improved the growth and physiological performance of salinized wheat by reducing Na+ and Cl- concentration in root epidermal and cortical cells, and it improved root uptake and storage of K+ and Mg2+ ions and their loading into xylem for distribution to shoots. These results suggest that Si-mediated inhibition of Na+ uptake, maintained nutrient homeostasis and improved physiological parameters to contribute to wheat growth improvement under salt stress.
- Huaier extract enhances the treatment efficacy of imatinib in Ik6+ Ph+ acute lymphoblastic leukemia. [Journal Article]
- BPBiomed Pharmacother 2019 Jun 12; 117:109071
- Philadelphia chromosome-positive (Ph+) is considered as a high risk of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) are tailored drug for Ph+ ALL, but Ik6 is associated with …
Philadelphia chromosome-positive (Ph+) is considered as a high risk of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) are tailored drug for Ph+ ALL, but Ik6 is associated with TKI resistance and poor outcome of Ph+ ALL. In the present study, we investigated the potential benefit of combination therapy with imatinib and Huaier extract, a traditional Chinese medicine, in Ik6+ Ph+ ALL. The Ik6+ Ph+ -ALL cell lines Sup-B15 or BV173 were treated with Huaier extract, imatinib or the combination of the two. Analysis of cell proliferation showed that the combined treatment of imatinib and Huaier extract exhibited a greater effect on cell inhibition. Using flow cytometry and Western blot, enhanced effects on the induction of cell apoptosis were observed. The combination of the two drugs also exhibited a significant effect in decreasing the protein and enzymatic activity levels of BCR-ABL. The molecular mechanisms may be involved in BCR-ABL related pathways, including the inactivation of p-AKT, p-STAT5, p-mTOR and p-Lyn. Consistent with the in vitro results, the combination of Huaier extract and imatinib inhibit the growth and infiltration of xenografted tumors. Taken together, our findings show that Huaier extract enhances the anticancer efficacy of imatinib in Ik6+ Ph+ ALL Further, it also provides a potential clinical application in the treatment of refractory Ph+ ALL.
- Long non-coding RNA CRNDE enhances cervical cancer progression by suppressing PUMA expression. [Journal Article]
- BPBiomed Pharmacother 2019 Jun 12; 117:108726
- Cervical cancer is the second most common gynecological malignancy, and it remains a leading cause of tumor-related death among female in the world. Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been indicated…
Cervical cancer is the second most common gynecological malignancy, and it remains a leading cause of tumor-related death among female in the world. Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been indicated to play essential roles in tumorigenesis, and the lncRNA colorectal neoplasia differentially expressed (CRNDE) is increased in several tumors. Nevertheless, little is known about the effects of lncRNA CRNDE on human cervical cancer. The aim of the study was to explore the clinical significance of lncRNA CRNDE expression in human cervical cancer. Our results indicated that CRNDE expression was increased in cervical cancer tissues and several cervical cancer cell lines. Through loss-of-function and gain-of-function approaches, we found that CRNDE knockdown markedly reduced cervical cancer cell proliferation, while CRNDE overexpression significantly promoted cervical cancer cell growth. Consistently, CRNDE decreasing obviously inhibited tumorigenicity of cervical cancer cells in vivo, whereas CRNDE increasing markedly promoted cervical cancer progression. Mechanistically, we verified that CRNDE bond to p53 upregulated modulator of apoptosis (PUMA), and PUMA was required for CRNDE to enhance cervical cancer cell growth. Our study demonstrated that CRNDE, combined with PUMA, could be utilized as factor for the clinical diagnosis and prognosis of cervical cancer, and might be potential target for developing effective therapeutic strategy to prevent cervical cancer progression.
- Structural change in GadD2 of Listeria monocytogenes field isolates supports nisin resistance. [Journal Article]
- IJInt J Food Microbiol 2019 Jun 04; 305:108240
- The lantibiotic nisin is used as a food additive to effectively inactivate a broad spectrum of Gram-positive bacteria such as Listeria monocytogenes. In total, 282 L. monocytogenes field isolates fro…
The lantibiotic nisin is used as a food additive to effectively inactivate a broad spectrum of Gram-positive bacteria such as Listeria monocytogenes. In total, 282 L. monocytogenes field isolates from German ready-to-eat food products, food-processing environments and patient samples and 39 Listeria reference strains were evaluated for their susceptibility to nisin. The MIC90 value was <1500 IU ml-1. Whole genome sequences (WGS) of four nisin susceptible (NS; growth <200 IU ml-1) and two nisin resistant L. monocytogenes field isolates (NR; growth >1500 IU ml-1) of serotype IIa were analyzed for DNA sequence variants (DSVs) in genes putatively associated with NR and its regulation. WGS of NR differed from NS in the gadD2 gene encoding for the glutamate decarboxylase system (GAD). Moreover, homology modeling predicted a protein structure of GadD2 in NR that promoted a less pH dependent GAD activity and may therefore be beneficial for nisin resistance. Likewise NR had a significant faster growth rate compared to NS in presence of nisin at pH 7. In conclusion, results contributed to ongoing debate that a genetic shift in GAD supports NR state.
- Bacterial content and characterization of antibiotic resistant Staphylococcus aureus in Danish sushi products and association with food inspector rankings. [Journal Article]
- IJInt J Food Microbiol 2019 Jun 03; 305:108244
- This study examined the prevalence and phenotypic and genotypic antibiotic resistance patterns of Staphylococcus aureus in sushi from 20 Danish outlets. Microbial quality of sushi products and food i…
This study examined the prevalence and phenotypic and genotypic antibiotic resistance patterns of Staphylococcus aureus in sushi from 20 Danish outlets. Microbial quality of sushi products and food inspector ranking of outlets were assessed and results for thirteen of the outlets were compared with findings from a previous study in 2012. Inspector rankings were similar in the two studies. The mesophilic aerobic counts were slightly lower (p = 0.0296) in 2017 than in 2012 with average values of the 13 shops of 5.2 log CFU/g and 5.7 log CFU/g, respectively. In both studies E. coli was only found in the products from outlets that did not have consistently superior rankings. On the other hand prevalence and average counts of Staphylococcus spp. were slightly higher in 2017 (p = 0.0286) but no methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) were observed in the present study. Methicillin-sensitive S. aureus (MSSA) were, however, isolated from 18.7% of sushi products with an average count below 2 log CFU/g. Based on spa and multilocus sequence typing (MLST), isolates belonged to clonal complex CC7 (t2016), CC20 (t7836), CC45 (t065, t127, t362), CC88 (t1998) and CC398 (t164, t331, t1451). The Panton-Valentine leukocidin (PVL)-encoding gene lukF was detected only in isolates of the t065 spa-type whereas the scn gene from the ΦSa3 prophage was detected in 76.5% of the isolates, supporting that the majority of isolates were of likely human origin. Thirty-six isolates (70.6%) were resistant to at least one of the antibiotic compounds tested. Antibiotic resistance genes that confer resistance to β-lactams (blaZ) and macrolides (ermC) were detected in 33.3% and 9.8% of isolates, respectively. The tet(K) gene that encode tetracycline resistance was only found in a t7836 strain. Overall, this study indicates that S. aureus in sushi products in Denmark do not represent a major food safety hazard due to, firstly, the low temperature and limited time of storage of product may prevent significant growth and production of toxic levels of enterotoxin of this species. Secondly, the S. aureus isolates obtained did not include MRSA variants and none of them encoded PVL that constitute one of the virulence factors in pathogenesis. Several MSSA isolates contained however genes encoding antibiotic resistance, which emphasize the potential role of foods as vehicles for transmission of such variants.
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- Remediation of heavy metal contaminated soils by biochar: Mechanisms, potential risks and applications in China. [Review]
- EPEnviron Pollut 2019 May 31; 252(Pt A):846-855
- There are global concerns about heavy metal (HM) contamination in soils, which in turn has produced an increased demand for soil remediation. Biochar has been widely documented to effectively immobil…
There are global concerns about heavy metal (HM) contamination in soils, which in turn has produced an increased demand for soil remediation. Biochar has been widely documented to effectively immobilize metals in contaminated soils and has received increasing attention for use in soil remediation. Here, we review recent progresses in understanding metal-biochar interactions in soils, potential risks associated with biochar amendment, and application of biochar in soil remediation in China. These recent studies indicate that: (1) the remediation effect depends on the characteristics of both biochar and soil and their interactions; (2) biochar applications could decrease the mobility/bioavailability of HMs in soils and HM accumulation in plants; and (3) despite its advantages, biochar applications could pose ecological and health risks, e.g., by releasing toxic substances into soils or by inhalation of biochar dust. Research gaps still exist in the development of practical methods for preparing and applying different biochars that target specific HMs. In the future, the long term effects and security of biochar applications on soil remediation, soil organisms and plant growth need to be considered.