- Comment on "Botulinum toxin type-A as an alternative treatment for gummy smile: a case report". [Journal Article]
- DODermatol Online J 2019 Jun 15; 25(6)
- Currently, the search for esthetic excellence has become the main objective in the facial treatment. The gummy smile is one of the complaints from the patients, since this situation may influence the…
Currently, the search for esthetic excellence has become the main objective in the facial treatment. The gummy smile is one of the complaints from the patients, since this situation may influence their self-esteem and social relationship. The development of new techniques, such as the application of botulinum toxin, may be a conservative therapeutic option in the treatment of gummy smile. The purpose of this letter is to comment some points about a case report publicated in Dermatology Online Journal, of a patient with dentogingival discrepancy and severe gummy smile, who was treated with application of botulinum toxin in order to optimize the harmony of the smile.
- Ethnic Diversity, Ideological Climates, and Intergroup Relations: A Person × Context Approach. [Journal Article]
- PBPsychol Belg 2019 Jan 23; 59(1):33-49
- Intergroup relations represent one of the most difficult and complex knots which we are confronted with in contemporary society. Given that intergroup dynamics permeate all spheres of our daily socia…
Intergroup relations represent one of the most difficult and complex knots which we are confronted with in contemporary society. Given that intergroup dynamics permeate all spheres of our daily social lives, it seems vital to systematically investigate how to best predict and explain when, why, and for whom intergroup relations symbolize conflict rather than harmony. This critical review evaluates how the societal context in which individuals live shapes how their personal social-ideological views, their values, norms and beliefs, are associated with their intergroup and related attitudes. Such an approach not only examines psychological/individual and sociological/contextual levels of analysis simultaneously, it also assesses how both work together (i.e., interact) in influencing intergroup relations across various domains of life. In sum, I found that adopting a person × context interaction approach yields interesting and more profound insights in individuals' attitudes towards ethnicity-, gender, and age-based outgroups, their specifisc expressions of ethnic prejudice (e.g., outgroup negativity, outgroup threat, intergroup contact, and trust within and between ethnic-cultural groups), and even their political attitudes, political party support, neighborhood attitudes and moving intentions.
- Estimation of air pollutants emission (PM10, CO, SO2 and NOx) during development of the industry using AUSTAL 2000 model: A new method for sustainable development. [Journal Article]
- MMethodsX 2019; 6:1581-1590
- There is well-documented relationship between industrial development and environmental pollution, but there are no enough studies that have predicted development impacts on pollutants emission. In th…
There is well-documented relationship between industrial development and environmental pollution, but there are no enough studies that have predicted development impacts on pollutants emission. In the current study, impacts of three development periods of Bojnourd cement factory on pollutants emission (CO, SO2, NOx, and PM10) were investigated using the AUSTAL 2000 model. The collected emission data during 19 years were classified for each period and analyzed via the model, separately. Two sets of monitoring point (each contains 5 points) determined at the model; first set for estimation of pollutants concentration in residential areas (three villages, one suburban, and one city), and the second set for model validity assessment which located near the factory. •According to model results, the second development period had the highest emission load per unit area for PM10 and SO2 by 164% and 262%, respectively. However, by applying the bag filter at the beginning of the third period, SO2 and PM10 concentrations were reduced significantly to the same as the first period.•Unlike the two previous pollutants, emissions load of NOx and CO per unit area were increased in both the second period (167% and 154%, respectively) and third period (182% and 337%, respectively). Moreover, the model showed a good agreement compared with the field measured data that it could be usable to predict pollutants emission.•The findings of this paper prove the predicting importance of the emissions prior to construction or any stages of industries upgrading and development. In other words, it emphasizes environmental protection during economic boost to maintain harmony between nature and sustainable development. Also, the model showed how the use of pollution control equipment (bag filter) during development can be effective to reduce the pollutants emission.
- Consensus Opinions on Facial Beauty and Implications for Aesthetic Treatment in Middle Eastern Women. [Journal Article]
- PRPlast Reconstr Surg Glob Open 2019; 7(4):e2220
- CONCLUSIONS: Middle Eastern beauty is characterized by striking eyes, defined cheeks, and full lips. These consensus opinions inform aesthetic practitioners who treat Middle Eastern women worldwide about their aesthetic ideals and the implications for treatment.
- lBest-HS algorithm based concurrent L1 adaptive control for non-Linear systems. [Journal Article]
- ITISA Trans 2019 Jul 12
- This paper proposes a new approach for designing stable hybrid L1 adaptive controller employing lbest topological model of harmony search (HS) algorithm. The proposed design approach guarantees desir…
This paper proposes a new approach for designing stable hybrid L1 adaptive controller employing lbest topological model of harmony search (HS) algorithm. The proposed design approach guarantees desired stability and simultaneously provides satisfactory tracking performance for a class of non-linear systems. The design methodology for the controller utilizes the meta-heuristic global search feature of HS algorithm and the local search phenomenon of L1 adaptive control strategy in tandem. The paper also analytically describes the superiority of lbest topological model compared to the conventional HS algorithm in terms of convergence phenomenon, when hybridized with L1 adaptive control. The proposed hybrid control methodology has been implemented for benchmark simulation case studies and real-time experimentation to demonstrate its usefulness.
- Effect of Cu, Fe, Mn, Ni, and Zn and Bioaccessibilities in the Hazelnuts Growing in Sakarya, Turkey using In-Vitro Gastrointestinal Extraction Method. [Journal Article]
- BTBiol Trace Elem Res 2019 Jul 16
- Total concentrations of heavy metals such as Cu, Fe, Mn, Ni, and Zn in different hazelnut samples obtained by different regions of Sakarya city, Turkey were identified for the determination of heavy …
Total concentrations of heavy metals such as Cu, Fe, Mn, Ni, and Zn in different hazelnut samples obtained by different regions of Sakarya city, Turkey were identified for the determination of heavy metal in the first section of this study. In the second section of our study, metal concentrations that can pass to the body by stomach and intestine in case of consuming hazelnuts as in vitro with gastrointestinal methods. It is performed by using enzymes and hydrochloric acid with model intestine and stomach system. In vitro gastrointestinal extraction method aims to identify how much the chemicals obtained by the sample matrices as vegetables, fruits, and soil, which are obtained within daily diet and examines the bioefficacy and bioaccessibility ingesting, used for evaluation of the chemical risk for humans were released. Total metal concentrations in the hazelnuts and metal concentrations passing to the stomach and intestines via in vitro gastrointestinal extraction method were identified with ICP-OES. As the result, heavy metal amounts of hazelnut samples are below the limits identified by Turkish Food Codex (TFC) and World Health Organization (WHO) and in harmony with the literature results so there is no objection in terms of health.
- [Idiopathic precocious puberty is common in girls]. [Journal Article]
- ULUgeskr Laeger 2019 Jul 15; 181(29)
- Precocious puberty (PP) in girls is common and mostly idiopathic due to precocious activation of the gonadotropic axis. In this review, we find it important to distinguish the normal variant of sligh…
Precocious puberty (PP) in girls is common and mostly idiopathic due to precocious activation of the gonadotropic axis. In this review, we find it important to distinguish the normal variant of slightly early puberty from rapidly progressive cases. Abnormal harmony of puberty more likely warrants a pathological condition. In girls aged about eight years with confirmed idiopathic PP, observation for 3-6 months is reasonable in order to identify clinically progressive cases, who will benefit from intervention with an gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist.
- Force-dependent binding constants. [Journal Article]
- BBiochemistry 2019 Jul 18
- Life is an emergent property of transient interactions between biomolecules and other organic and inorganic molecules that somehow leads to harmony and order. Measurement and quantitation of these bi…
Life is an emergent property of transient interactions between biomolecules and other organic and inorganic molecules that somehow leads to harmony and order. Measurement and quantitation of these biological interactions is of value to scientists, and is a major goal of biochemistry, as affinities provide insight into biological processes. In an organism these interactions occur in the context of forces and the need for a consideration of binding affinities in the context of a changing mechanical landscape necessitates a new way to consider the biochemistry of protein-protein interactions. In the last few decades the field of Mechanobiology has exploded, as both the appreciation, and the technical advances required to facilitate the study, of how forces impact on biological processes has become evident. The aim of this review is to introduce the concept of force-dependence of biomolecular interactions, and the requirement to be able to measure force-dependent binding constants. The focus of this discussion will be on the mechanotransduction that occurs at the integrin-mediated adhesions with the extracellular matrix, and the major mechanosensors talin and vinculin. However, the approaches that the cell uses to sense and respond to forces are applicable to other systems, and therefore provides a general discussion of the force-dependence of biomolecule interactions.
- Handbook of Life Course Health Development: The Emerging Theoretical Framework of Life Course Health Development [BOOK]
- BOOKSpringer: Cham (CH)
- Concepts of what constitutes health, and theories about how health is produced and optimized, are constantly evolving in response to myriad social and cultural expectations shaped by our contemporary…
Concepts of what constitutes health, and theories about how health is produced and optimized, are constantly evolving in response to myriad social and cultural expectations shaped by our contemporary worldview, scientific advances, improvements in health interventions, and the changing capacity of the health system. Stimulated originally by a series of studies demonstrating how growth during early life is related to chronic health conditions that emerge many decades later, new research is demonstrating how complex developmental processes integrate a range of biological, behavioral, social, and environmental influences that modify gene expression, modulate physiologic and behavioral function, and dynamically shape different pathways of health production. These empirical findings are highlighting the limitations of the more mechanistic biomedical and biopsychosocial models of health, which fail to offer comprehensive explanations about such phenomena as the developmental origins of health, how stress affects current and future health, and the consequences of dynamic interactions between individuals and their environments over time. The comfort and certainty of simple, linear, and deterministic causal pathways are giving way to the uncomfortable uncertainty of nonlinear causal clusters that are networked together into complex, multilevel, interactive, and relational systems. Informed by new theoretical perspectives emerging from such fields of study as developmental psychology, systems biology, epigenetics, the developmental origins of chronic disease, and evolutionary developmental biology, a coherent transdisciplinary framework is emerging which we call Life Course Health Development (LCHD) and which is presented in this chapter as a set of seven principles: (1) health development, (2) unfolding, (3) complexity, (4) timing, (5) plasticity, (6) thriving, and (7) harmony. LCHD offers a new perspective that will guide future scientific inquiry on health development and facilitate synthesis of medicine and public health that links treatment, prevention, and health promotion and catalyzes more integrated and networked strategies for designing, organizing, and implementing multilevel health interventions that transcend individual and population dichotomies. We hope that the LCHD framework presented here, coupled with our explanatory narrative, will encourage theory building and testing, inspire innovative transdisciplinary research, and mature the framework into a scientific model with descriptive, explanatory, and predictive utility. Furthermore, we hope that LCHD will shine a light on the conundrum of how little attributable risk is explained in many studies of chronic disease, how early experience conditions future biological response patterns, and how these early experiences play through complex, environmentally influenced, and developmentally plastic health development pathways.
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- Prosthesis design influences segmental contribution to total cervical motion after cervical disc arthroplasty. [Journal Article]
- ESEur Spine J 2019 Jul 15
- CONCLUSIONS: The designs of the cervical disc prostheses tested significantly influenced the variation in segmental motion fraction as the spine underwent motion between the endpoints of extension and flexion. While the mean segmental motion contribution to the total cervical motion was not influenced by prosthesis design, the way the motion took place between the extension and flexion endpoints was significantly influenced. The M6-C artificial disc restored physiologic motion quality such that implanted segments continued to function in harmony with other segments of the cervical spine as measured before arthroplasty. Conversely, the Mobi-C prosthesis, while maintaining average motion contributions similar to the pre-implantation values, demonstrated large deviations in motion contribution over the extension-to-flexion arc motion in ten of 16 implanted segments. Such non-physiologic implant kinematics could cause excessive prosthesis wear and motion and stress shielding at adjacent segments. These slides can be retrieved under Electronic Supplementary Material.