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20,829 results
  • A bidirectional network for appetite control in larval zebrafish. [Journal Article]
    Elife 2019; 8Wee CL, Song EY, … Kunes S
  • Medial and lateral hypothalamic loci are known to suppress and enhance appetite, respectively, but the dynamics and functional significance of their interaction have yet to be explored. Here we report that, in larval zebrafish, primarily serotonergic neurons of the ventromedial caudal hypothalamus (cH) become increasingly active during food deprivation, whereas activity in the lateral hypothalamu…
  • Restrictive feeding and excessive hunger in young children with obesity: A case series. [Case Reports]
    Clin Case Rep 2019; 7(10):1962-1967Eagleton SG, Brown CL, … Skelton JA
  • Treatment recommendations for childhood obesity include guidance to reduce portions and the consumption of high-energy-dense foods. These messages may unintentionally promote restrictive feeding among parents of children with obesity with excessive hunger. Clinical guidance may benefit from framing treatment messages to parents in the context of a nonrestrictive feeding style.
  • Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program Data: Why Disclosure Is Needed. [Journal Article]
    Am J Public Health 2019; :e1-e5Pomeranz JL
  • The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) provides funding to low-income households to purchase food at participating stores. The goals of the program include reducing hunger, improving nutrition, and strengthening the US food system. These are interrelated, as food access and choice depend on availability.SNAP generates data that could be useful for program evaluation and evidence-bas…
  • Recommendations From SNAP Participants to Improve Wages and End Stigma. [Journal Article]
    Am J Public Health 2019; :e1-e4Gaines-Turner T, Simmons JC, Chilton M
  • We present views of the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) from the perspective of participants. We are SNAP participants and academic researchers who have worked together for 11 years to understand, explain, and address food insecurity.SNAP is ensnared in much larger problems in US society related to the stigmatization of people who are poor and a lack of appreciation for the value…
  • Sense of Smell as the Central Driver of Pavlovian Appetite Behavior in Mammals. [Journal Article]
    Front Physiol 2019; 10:1151Fine LG, Riera CE
  • The seminal experiments of Ivan Petrovich Pavlov set the stage for an understanding of the physiological concomitants of appetite and feeding behavior. His findings, from careful and creative experimentation, have been uncontested for over a century. One of Pavlov's most fundamental observations was that activation of salivary, gastric and pancreatic secretions during feeding and sham-feeding, pr…
  • "What a Girl Wants": What Can We Learn From Animal Models of Female Sexual Motivation? [Review]
    Front Behav Neurosci 2019; 13:216Guarraci FA, Frohardt RJ
  • Sexual motivation is notably different than other motivations such as hunger and thirst, because it lacks homeostatic drive. Sexual motivation poses no threat to physical well-being; individual survival is not at stake. Nevertheless, sexual motivation is a powerful drive and is critical for species survival. Understanding the complexity of sexual motivation has the potential to advance our unders…
  • FAO and the Situation of Food Security and Nutrition in the World. [Journal Article]
    J Nutr Sci Vitaminol (Tokyo) 2019; 65(Supplement):S4-S8Boliko MC
  • New evidence shows that the number of hungry people in the world is growing, reaching more than 820 million in 2018 (one in every nine people), up from 812 million in 2017. There are three main causes of food insecurity: high exposure and vulnerability to climate extremes, conflicts, and economic slowdown. Paradoxically, every year, roughly one third of the food produced in the world for human co…
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