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38 results
  • Imperforate hymen and leaking hematosalpinx mimicking acute appendicitis: A report of a rare case and a review of literature. [Journal Article]
    Int J Surg Case Rep 2019; 63:69-74Amponsah-Manu F, Ssentongo P, … Oh JS
  • CONCLUSIONS: Imperforate hymen commonly presents with cyclic abdominal pain and enlarging mass in premenarchal females, it is rare to present with hemoperitoneum and mimicking acute appendicitis.Although rare, imperforate hymen with retrograde menstruation that causes dilatation of the vagina and uterus (i.e., hematocolpometra) is an important consideration in the differential diagnosis of abdominal pain in premenarchal females with abdominal pain. It is easily diagnosed by physical examination. However, if patient or parents refuse genital exam evaluation, imaging studies can greatly help with diagnosis. Ultrasound will show an echogenic fluid accumulation in the vagina that can extend to uterus.
  • A Rare Case of Massive Hematometra with a Tubo-ovarian Abscess in a 16-year-old Female. [Case Reports]
    Cureus 2019; 11(6):e4845Tsatsaris G, Fasoulakis Z, … Kontomanolis EN
  • Imperforate hymen is a congenital defect of the lower genital tract and specifically the vagina. The examination of a neonatal can be quite helpful to avoid a multitude of complications in puberty like hematocolpos and tubo-ovarian abscess. We present the case of a 16-year-old who presented to the emergency department with fever (37.9° C), which was progressive the last two days, swollen abdomen,…
  • GeneReviews®: Hand-Foot-Genital Syndrome [BOOK]
    University of Washington, Seattle: Seattle (WA)Adam MP, Ardinger HH, … Amemiya AInnis JWBOOK
  • Hand-foot-genital syndrome (HFGS) is characterized by limb malformations and urogenital defects. Mild-to-severe bilateral shortening of the thumbs and great toes, caused primarily by shortening of the distal phalanx and/or the first metacarpal or metatarsal, is the most common limb malformation and results in impaired dexterity or apposition of the thumbs. Urogenital malformations include abnorma…
  • Imperforate Hymen: A Comprehensive Systematic Review. [Journal Article]
    J Clin Med 2019; 8(1)Lee KH, Hong JS, … Shin JI
  • Imperforate hymen (IH) is an uncommon congenital anomaly of the female genital tract, with the hymen completely obstructing the vaginal opening. Despite the simple diagnosis and treatment of IH, missed or delayed diagnosis is often a clinical problem owing to its low incidence, nonspecific symptoms, or insufficient physical examination. The aim of this study is to identify the characteristics, cl…
  • Pelvic pain in young girls: not only dysmenorrhoea! [Case Reports]
    BMJ Case Rep 2018; 2018Veiga VF, Ribeiro B, … Reis I
  • Imperforate hymen is the most frequent cause of haematocolpos, although it is a rare malformation (1:2000). We present two cases of young girls with cyclic abdominal pain and urinary symptoms. At gynaecological examination, they all presented imperforate hymen and ultrasound revealed significant vaginal distension. X-shaped hymenectomy was performed in all patients. The later the diagnosis of imp…
  • Vaginal Rejuvenation: A Review of Female Genital Cosmetic Surgery. [Review]
    Obstet Gynecol Surv 2018; 73(5):287-292Wilkie G, Bartz D
  • CONCLUSIONS: Cosmetic gynecology surgery has become more popular in recent years, with few studies assessing the long-term benefits and harms of these treatments. Gynecologists should be aware of the lack of evidence supporting the effectiveness of FGCS in light of the growing marketing efforts and patient demand for these procedures.
  • Hematometrocolpos Disguised as Abdominal Pain. [Case Reports]
    J Emerg Med 2017; 53(5):e97-e99Saleh R, Katzenbach G, Espinosa J
  • Hematometrocolpos caused by an imperforate hymen is a common form of vaginal outflow obstruction. This is a rare pediatric anomaly that can present with atypical or vague symptomatology, such as abdominal pain or constipation or urinary retention in the setting of amenorrhea. It is essential to obtain a gynecologic history and inquire about menstrual cycles to properly evaluate a young female wit…
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