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(hypothesis)
481,199 results
  • Definitely saw it coming? The dual nature of the pre-nominal prediction effect. [Journal Article]
    Cognition. 2020 Jun 30; 204:104335.Fleur DS, Flecken M, … Nieuwland MS
  • In well-known demonstrations of lexical prediction during language comprehension, pre-nominal articles that mismatch a likely upcoming noun's gender elicit different neural activity than matching articles. However, theories differ on what this pre-nominal prediction effect means and on what is being predicted. Does it reflect mismatch with a predicted article, or 'merely' revision of the noun pre…
  • Food waste management during the COVID-19 outbreak: a holistic climate, economic and nutritional approach. [Journal Article]
    Sci Total Environ. 2020 Jun 26; 742:140524.Aldaco R, Hoehn D, … Vazquez-Rowe I
  • Improving the food supply chain efficiency has been identified as an essential means to enhance food security, while reducing pressure on natural resources. Adequate food loss and waste (FLW) management has been proposed as an approach to meet these objectives. The main hypothesis of this study is to consider that the "strong fluctuations and short-term changes" on eating habits may have major co…
  • Clinical recurrences of COVID-19 symptoms after recovery: viral relapse, reinfection or inflammatory rebound? [Letter]
    J Infect. 2020 Jun 30 [Online ahead of print]Batisse D, Benech N, … Wyplosz B
  • For the first 3 months of COVID-19 pandemic, COVID-19 was expected to be an immunizing non-relapsing disease. We report a national case series of 11 virologically-confirmed COVID-19 patients having experienced a second clinically- and virologically-confirmed acute COVID-19 episode. According to the clinical history, we discuss either re-infection or reactivation hypothesis. Larger studies includi…
  • Diversity, phylogeny, and historical biogeography of large-eye seabreams (Teleostei: Lethrinidae). [Journal Article]
    Mol Phylogenet Evol. 2020 Jun 30 [Online ahead of print]Chen WJ, Borsa P
  • The large-eye seabreams or Monotaxinae is one of two subfamilies in the Lethrinidae, a family of perch-like coral reef fishes. Despite its widespread occurrence and its commercial interest in the tropical Indo-West Pacific (IWP), this subfamily has traditionally been considered a taxonomically difficult group. Based on 268 samples collected from all 15 known large-eye seabream species throughout …
  • Extending the ecology of fear: parasite-mediated sexual selection drives host response to parasites. [Journal Article]
    Physiol Behav. 2020 Jun 30 [Online ahead of print]Horn CJ, Mierzejewski MK, … Luong LT
  • The 'ecology of fear' describes the negative effects natural enemies have on potential victims even when those victims are not consumed or infected. Although recent work has demonstrated parasites have non-consumptive effects (NCE) on potential hosts, how these effects vary within the host population is not well understood. We investigated how NCE vary based on host risk of infection and relative…
  • Parietal Cortex Is Required for the Integration of Acoustic Evidence. [Journal Article]
    Curr Biol. 2020 Jun 24 [Online ahead of print]Yao JD, Gimoto J, … Sanes DH
  • Sensory-driven decisions are formed by accumulating information over time. Although parietal cortex activity is thought to represent accumulated evidence for sensory-based decisions, recent perturbation studies in rodents and non-human primates have challenged the hypothesis that these representations actually influence behavior. Here, we asked whether the parietal cortex integrates acoustic feat…
  • Continent-wide Shifts in Song Dialects of White-Throated Sparrows. [Journal Article]
    Curr Biol. 2020 Jun 30 [Online ahead of print]Otter KA, Mckenna A, … Ramsay SM
  • Hypotheses on regional song variation ("dialects") assume that dialects remain stable within regions, are distinct between regions, and persist within populations over extensive periods [1-3]. Theories to explain dialects focus on mechanisms that promote persistence of regional song variants despite gene flow between regions [4-6], such as juveniles settling in non-natal populations retaining onl…
  • Specifying the neural basis of the spacing effect with multivariate ERP. [Journal Article]
    Neuropsychologia. 2020 Jun 30 [Online ahead of print]Kim ASN, Wiseheart M, … Rosenbaum RS
  • The spacing effect refers to the finding that, given a fixed amount of study time, a longer interval between study repetitions improves long-term retention (e.g., Cepeda et al., 2006; Ebbinghaus, 1885/1967; Melton, 1970). Although the spacing effect is a robust and reliable finding in the memory literature, its cognitive and neural mechanisms remain unclear. We used event-related potentials (ERPs…
  • [Diagnostic utility of creatine kinase elevation in the routine biochemical profile in cats]. [Journal Article]
    Schweiz Arch Tierheilkd. 2020 Jul; 162(7):451-462.Rusterholz S, Riond B, … Glaus T
  • Creatine kinase (CK) is a muscle enzyme that is very sensitive to muscle damage. Therefore, serum CK is measured particularly to confirm suspected myopathy. Since 2013, this enzyme has been included in the routine chemistry profile in our hospital. Soon thereafter, the subjective impression developed that its elevation did not correlate to and was not explainable with the actual clinical problem.…
  • Water, lithium and sodium: watch out for dangerous injuries. [Journal Article]
    Ann Biol Clin (Paris). 2020 Jul 03 [Online ahead of print]Fayolle M, Souweine JS, … Badiou S
  • Nephrogenic diabetes insipidus due to the inability of the kidneys to concentrate urine is frequently observed during lithium therapy. Lithium concentrates into principal cells in collecting ducts in the kidney and downregulates aquaporin 2 expression, which reduces renal reabsorption of water. This disease is characterized by polyuria - polydipsia leading to intracellular dehydration and hyperna…
  • Acinetobacter portensis sp. nov. and Acinetobacter guerrae sp. nov., isolated from raw meat. [Journal Article]
    Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2020 Jul 03 [Online ahead of print]Carvalheira A, Gonzales-Siles L, … Moore ERB
  • The taxonomic status of six strains of Acinetobacter obtained from meat samples, collected from supermarkets in Porto, Portugal, was investigated using polyphasic analysis. Partial rpoB sequence similarities lower than 95 % to other Acinetobacter species with validly published names led to the hypothesis that these strains represented novel species. This was confirmed based on comparative multilo…
  • Enhancing Engagement through Job Resources: The Moderating Role of Affective Commitment. [Journal Article]
    Span J Psychol. 2020 Jun 19; 23:e17.Dominguez D, Chambel MJ, Carvalho VS
  • Research has shown that affective commitment, one of three components of organizational commitment defined by Meyer and Allen (1991), can act as a moderator in relationships between job stressors and worker´s psychological tension. However, due to the scarcity of studies that investigate the moderating effect of this commitment component on relationships between positive variables, the purpose of…
  • Peptides in Blood, Urine and Dialysate: Towards Unravelling Renal Peptide Handling. [Journal Article]
    Proteomics Clin Appl. 2020 Jul 03 [Online ahead of print]He T, Pejchinovski M, … Jankowski V
  • CONCLUSIONS: The correlation of peptide abundance in these three body fluids is lower than expected, supporting the hypothesis that tubular reabsorption has a major impact on urinary peptide content. Further investigation of thymosin β4 in hemodialysis is thus warranted. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
  • Vestigial auriculomotor activity indicates the direction of auditory attention in humans. [Journal Article]
    Elife. 2020 Jul 03; 9Strauss DJ, Corona-Strauss FI, … Hackley SA
  • Unlike dogs and cats, people do not point their ears as they focus attention on novel, salient, or task-relevant stimuli. Our species may nevertheless have retained a vestigial pinna-orienting system that has persisted as a 'neural fossil' within in the brain for about 25 million years. Consistent with this hypothesis, we demonstrate that the direction of auditory attention is reflected in sustai…
  • The AutGO Initiative: A Conceptual Framework for Developing Genetics-Outcomes Research Hypotheses. [Journal Article]
    Autism Res. 2020 Jul 03 [Online ahead of print]Talebizadeh Z, Shah A, AutGO Working Group
  • The increasing emphasis on translational approaches to complex neuropsychiatric and neurodevelopmental conditions research requires scientists from a broad range of disciplines to build dynamic collaborations when formulating hypotheses and framing study designs. The need to integrate the knowledge and perspectives not only from multiple scientific silos but also from the populations impacted by …
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