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43,800 results
  • Lyme Disease and Severe Hyperbilirubinemia: A Rare Presentation of Lyme Disease. [Case Reports]
    Cureus. 2020 May 30; 12(5):e8363.Ahmed Z, Ur Rehman A, … Ahmad S
  • A 39-year-old-man presented to the emergency room with a complaint of febrile jaundice and diffuse arthralgia. The patient had a temperature of 100°F, severe jaundice, and scleral icterus. Laboratory workup showed severe hyperbilirubinemia and elevated serum creatinine, and the rest of the serum chemistry was unremarkable. The ultrasound and computed tomography (CT) of the abdomen was normal. The…
  • Diagnosing Primary Sclerosing Cholangitis in Children. [Case Reports]
    Cureus. 2020 May 28; 12(5):e8334.Seerat I, Atique M, … Iqbal A
  • Primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) is a rare chronic cholestatic liver disease in children caused by chronic inflammatory process affecting either intrahepatic or extrahepatic bile ducts. Although it is infrequent, incidence is increasing worldwide, may be due to more awareness, understanding and expertise in managing children with chronic liver disease (CLD). In the developing world like Pakis…
  • Diagnostic accuracy of ultrasonography in adults with obstructive jaundice. [Journal Article]
    J Ultrason. 2020; 20(81):e100-e105.Fadahunsi OO, Ibitoye BO, … Idowu BM
  • Aim of the study: To determine the sensitivity and specificity of ultrasound for detecting the causes of obstructive jaundice. Materials and methods: Eighty adult patients with clinical and biochemical features of obstructive jaundice were enrolled in this study. The causes, degrees and levels of ductal obstruction were evaluated sonographically via the transabdominal route. The ultrasonographic …
  • Use of reflective materials during phototherapy for newborn infants with unconjugated hyperbilirubinaemia. [Review]
    Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2020 Jul 01; 7:CD012011.Van Rostenberghe H, Ho JJ, … Abd Hamid IJ
  • CONCLUSIONS: Moderate-certainty evidence shows that the use of reflective curtains during phototherapy may result in greater decline in SB. Very low-certainty evidence suggests that the duration of phototherapy is reduced, and moderate-certainty evidence shows that the duration of hospital stay is also reduced. Available evidence does not show any increase in adverse events, but further studies are needed.
  • Photosensitization by Brachiaria ruziziensis in a sheep herd. [Case Reports]
    Toxicon. 2020 Jun 26 [Online ahead of print]Diamantino GML, Pierezan F, … Soto-Blanco B
  • Some species of the genus Brachiaria are cultivated worldwide in tropical and subtropical climate regions as the main feed for ruminants. Several studies report photosensitization by Brachiaria decumbens, Brachiaria brizantha, and Brachiaria humidicola, but the poisoning by Brachiaria ruziziensis have been reported only twice. Cutaneous and hepatic lesions may be caused by the steroidal saponins …
  • A rare case of peliosis hepatis in primary immune deficiency. [Case Reports]
    SAGE Open Med Case Rep. 2020; 8:2050313X20931996.Angulo E, Joyner S, … Nyenhuis S
  • Peliosis hepatis is a rare condition characterized by blackish-blue blood-filled cavities in hepatic parenchyma caused by dilatation of hepatic sinusoids. Peliosis hepatis has been described in secondary immunodeficiencies and certain medications. We present the first case of peliosis hepatis in a patient with a primary immunodeficiency, common variable immunodeficiency. A 44-year-old African-Ame…
  • Groove Pancreatitis Associated with Transient Liver Injury Mimicking Ampullary Neoplasm. [Case Reports]
    Case Rep Gastroenterol. 2020 May-Aug; 14(2):306-314.Ali EAH, Mahfouz AE, … Yassin MA
  • Groove pancreatitis is an unusual form of pancreatitis characterized by fibrous inflammation and pseudo-tumor in the area around the head of the pancreas. The underlying etiology is unknown but is strongly linked to alcohol abuse. We report a 52-year-old male smoker with hypertension, asthma, and alcohol abuse who was admitted with severe epigastric pain radiating to the back. He was found to hav…
  • Optimization of the incubator air temperature during LED phototherapy treatment for the preterm infant. [Journal Article]
    Eur J Pediatr. 2020 Jun 27 [Online ahead of print]Yassin FC, Delanaud S, … Tourneux P
  • CONCLUSIONS: Phototherapy treatment for jaundice of the preterm infant increased the incubator air temperature. To prevent overheating in the preterm during phototherapy, new curves for optimal air temperature settings inside the incubator were calculated with analytic calorimetry. What is Known •Phototherapy treatment is the first-line treatment for jaundice in the preterm infant. •Phototherapy treatment increases the risk of overheating. What is New •The heat transfers and risk of overheating were quantified using a thermal manikin during phototherapy treatment. •Phototherapy treatment increased the incubator roof temperature and heat transfers. •New incubator's air temperature settings during phototherapy treatment were calculated with analytical calorimetry for preterm infant weighing 500-2000 g.
  • Paediatrics in Theresienstadt ghetto. [Journal Article]
    Cent Eur J Public Health. 2020 Jun; 28(2):155-160.Horáčková K, Ševčovičová A, … Zaviš M
  • The main objective of this study is to describe the most common childhood diseases occurring in the Theresienstadt ghetto during the Second World War as well as applied anti-epidemic measures. A partial objective is to describe medical and nursing care of sick child prisoners. The data was obtained by the method of synthesis of primary and secondary data with the highest importance after adequate…
  • Malaria in HIV-infected patients in a nonendemic setting. [Journal Article]
    AIDS. 2020 Jul 15; 34(9):1359-1365.Lam E, Hites M, … Martin C
  • CONCLUSIONS: HIV infection has an impact on the imported malaria profile, although it is unclear whether well controlled HIV-infected patients have a higher risk of severe malaria. HIV-infected patients should be particularly targeted for pretravel advice.
  • Complementary alternative medicine use among postpartum mothers in a primary care setting: a cross-sectional study in Malaysia. [Journal Article]
    BMC Complement Med Ther. 2020 Jun 26; 20(1):197.Nik Yusof Fuad NF, Ching SM, … Zakaria ZA
  • CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of CAM use was high (8 out of 10) among postpartum mothers. Postpartum mothers who are Malay, Muslim, have a higher educational level and who have had spontaneous vaginal delivery tended to use CAM more. Manipulative body therapies, including massage, reflexology, hot stone compression and body wrapping, were the most widely used forms of CAM, followed by biological-based therapies. More than half of the mothers who consumed herbal medicine reported neonatal jaundice in their newborn. Thus, education to increase awareness regarding the consumption of herbs is urgently required in this country.
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