- The Modulatory Effect of Maternal Iron Nutriture on Placental Inflammatory Profile in a Rat Model of Prenatal Alcohol Exposure (OR26-04-19). [Journal Article]
- CDCurr Dev Nutr 2019; 3(Suppl 1)
- CONCLUSIONS: These data provide insights into how iron and alcohol interact to alter placental functions and fetal growth. Further, the cytokines reported in this study may potentially be used as diagnostic markers to identify individuals who are prenatally exposed to alcohol.
- Eimeria tenella: specific EtAMA1-binding peptides inhibit sporozoite entry into host cells. [Journal Article]
- PSPoult Sci 2019 May 31
- Avian coccidiosis caused by Eimeria inflicts high economic losses to the poultry industry. Application of drugs and live vaccines presents particular challenges in pathogen resistance and cost, hence…
Avian coccidiosis caused by Eimeria inflicts high economic losses to the poultry industry. Application of drugs and live vaccines presents particular challenges in pathogen resistance and cost, hence alternative anti-coccidial strategies are needed. In this study, peptides that specifically bind E. tenella AMA1 (EtAMA1) were screened from a phage display peptide library. The positive clones of target phages were characterized by ELISA after four rounds of biopanning. The binding capabilities with EtAMA1 and sporozoite proteins for the two selected peptides were detected by ELISA. The role of the two target peptides in inhibiting sporozoite invasion of MDBK cells was evaluated in vitro and the anti-coccidial effects of the two phages were assessed by an animal experiment. The three-dimensional (3D) structural model of EtAMA1 extracellular domain (EctoAMA1) protein was constructed based on the crystal template of TgAMA1 (PDB ID: 2 × 2Z), and the molecular docking between target peptides and EctoAMA1 model was analyzed. The results showed that two selected phages strongly interacted with EctoAMA1 and sporozoites protein. Two corresponding specific EtAMA1-binding peptide (named L and C) showed significant effects on inhibiting sporozoite invasion of MDBK cells. Chickens orally fed the two target phages showed partial protection against homologous challenge. Homology modeling analysis showed an apical hydrophobic groove was shaped on the top of the EctoAMA1 model. Molecular docking indicated the interaction between the EctoAMA1 protein and the two peptides, which was mainly reflected by the hydrophobic interaction and formation of intermolecular hydrogen bond. The above results suggest that the peptides L and C, especially L peptide, competed with E. tenella rhotry neck protein 2 (EtRON2) for binding to EtAMA1 located on the surface of sporozoites, and therefore inhibited the parasite invasion into cells.
- CFM-ID 3.0: Significantly Improved ESI-MS/MS Prediction and Compound Identification. [Journal Article]
- MMetabolites 2019 Apr 13; 9(4)
- Metabolite identification for untargeted metabolomics is often hampered by the lack of experimentally collected reference spectra from tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS). To circumvent this problem, Co…
Metabolite identification for untargeted metabolomics is often hampered by the lack of experimentally collected reference spectra from tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS). To circumvent this problem, Competitive Fragmentation Modeling-ID (CFM-ID) was developed to accurately predict electrospray ionization-MS/MS (ESI-MS/MS) spectra from chemical structures and to aid in compound identification via MS/MS spectral matching. While earlier versions of CFM-ID performed very well, CFM-ID's performance for predicting the MS/MS spectra of certain classes of compounds, including many lipids, was quite poor. Furthermore, CFM-ID's compound identification capabilities were limited because it did not use experimentally available MS/MS spectra nor did it exploit metadata in its spectral matching algorithm. Here, we describe significant improvements to CFM-ID's performance and speed. These include (1) the implementation of a rule-based fragmentation approach for lipid MS/MS spectral prediction, which greatly improves the speed and accuracy of CFM-ID; (2) the inclusion of experimental MS/MS spectra and other metadata to enhance CFM-ID's compound identification abilities; (3) the development of new scoring functions that improves CFM-ID's accuracy by 21.1%; and (4) the implementation of a chemical classification algorithm that correctly classifies unknown chemicals (based on their MS/MS spectra) in >80% of the cases. This improved version called CFM-ID 3.0 is freely available as a web server. Its source code is also accessible online.
- Contribution of rare and common variants to intellectual disability in a sub-isolate of Northern Finland. [Journal Article]
- NCNat Commun 2019 01 24; 10(1):410
- The contribution of de novo variants in severe intellectual disability (ID) has been extensively studied whereas the genetics of mild ID has been less characterized. To elucidate the genetics of mild…
The contribution of de novo variants in severe intellectual disability (ID) has been extensively studied whereas the genetics of mild ID has been less characterized. To elucidate the genetics of milder ID we studied 442 ID patients enriched for mild ID (>50%) from a population isolate of Finland. Using exome sequencing, we show that rare damaging variants in known ID genes are observed significantly more often in severe (27%) than in mild ID (13%) patients. We further observe a significant enrichment of functional variants in genes not yet associated with ID (OR: 2.1). We show that a common variant polygenic risk significantly contributes to ID. The heritability explained by polygenic risk score is the highest for educational attainment (EDU) in mild ID (2.2%) but lower for more severe ID (0.6%). Finally, we identify a Finland enriched homozygote variant in the CRADD ID associated gene.
- Is additional mesial temporal resection necessary for intractable epilepsy with cavernous malformations in the temporal neocortex? [Journal Article]
- EBEpilepsy Behav 2019; 92:145-153
- CONCLUSIONS: Excellent seizure outcomes were obtained even the lesionectomy alone. To confirm appropriate surgical strategy for lateral temporal CM with intractable epilepsy, further studies in large sample size are needed.
- Si-Bridged Ladder-Type Small-Molecule Acceptors for High-Performance Organic Photovoltaics. [Journal Article]
- AAACS Appl Mater Interfaces 2019 Jan 09; 11(1):1125-1134
- In this study, we synthesized 5,11-dihexyl-4,4,10,10-tetraoctylbenzo[1,2- b:4,5- b']bisthieno[4″,5″- b″:4‴,5‴- b‴]silolo[2″,3″- d:2‴,3‴- d']thiophene (ArSi) as a ladder-type electron-rich core for th…
In this study, we synthesized 5,11-dihexyl-4,4,10,10-tetraoctylbenzo[1,2- b:4,5- b']bisthieno[4″,5″- b″:4‴,5‴- b‴]silolo[2″,3″- d:2‴,3‴- d']thiophene (ArSi) as a ladder-type electron-rich core for the preparation of three acceptor-donor-acceptor-type nonfullerene acceptors (NFAs)-ArSiID, ArSiID-F, and ArSiID-Cl-featuring (3-oxo-2,3-dihydro-1 H-inden-1-ylidene)malononitrile (ID), 2-(5,6-difluoro-3-oxo-2,3-dihydro-1 H-inden-1-ylidene)malononitrile (ID-F), and 2-(5,6-dichloro-3-oxo-2,3-dihydro-1 H-inden-1-ylidene)malononitrile (ID-Cl) as peripheral electron-poor units, respectively. These molecules exhibit strong absorption covering the region of 600-850 nm. The incorporation of the halogen atoms onto the terminal units adjusted the energy levels and light-harvesting ability of these materials. We employed the conjugated polymers J51 and PBDB-T, having middle optical energy gaps as donor together with these ArSi derivatives as acceptor to study the blend film morphology and the corresponding organic photovoltaic (OPV) performances. After optimization with device engineering works, a PBDB-T:ArSiID-F-based device with a power conversion efficiency up to 9.4% was achieved. This study is the first case to examine the effects of various halogen modifications on the performance of ArSi derivatives that serve as NFAs for OPVs. Our findings should encourage further investigations on this rarely studied core structure for optoelectronic applications.
- Computational characterization and molecular dynamics simulation of the thermostable direct hemolysin-related hemolysin (TRH) amplified from Vibrio parahaemolyticus. [Journal Article]
- MPMicrob Pathog 2019; 127:172-182
- Vibrio parahaemolyticus is a major seafood-borne pathogen that causes life-threatening gastroenteric diseases in humans through the consumption of contaminated seafoods. V. parahaemolyticus produces …
Vibrio parahaemolyticus is a major seafood-borne pathogen that causes life-threatening gastroenteric diseases in humans through the consumption of contaminated seafoods. V. parahaemolyticus produces different kinds of toxins, including thermostable direct hemolysin (TDH), TDH-related hemolysin (TRH), and some effector proteins belonging to the Type 3 Secretion System, out of which TDH and TRH are considered to be the major factors for virulence. Although TRH is one of the major virulent proteins, there is a dearth of understanding about the structural and functional properties of this protein. This study therefore aimed to amplify the full length trh gene from V. parahaemolyticus and perform sequence-based analyses, followed by structural and functional analyses of the TRH protein using different bioinformatics tools. The TRH protein shares significant conservedness with the TDH protein. A multiple sequence alignment of TRH proteins from Vibrio and non-Vibrio species revealed that the TRH protein is highly conserved throughout evolution. The three dimensional (3D) structure of the TRH protein was constructed by comparative modelling and the quality of the predicted model was verified. Molecular dynamics simulations were performed to understand the dynamics, residual fluctuations, and the compactness of the protein. The structure of TRH was found to contain 19 pockets, of which one (pocket ID: 2) was predicted to be important from the view of drug design. Eleven residues (E138, Y140, C151, F158, C161, K162, S163, and Q164), which are reported to actively participate in the formation of the tetrameric structure, were present in this pocket. This study extends our understanding of the structural and functional dynamics of the TRH protein and as well as provides new insights for the treatment and prevention of V. parahaemolyticus infections.
- Delapril and Indapamide: Development and Validation of a Stability-Indicating Core-Shell LC Method and Its Application for Simultaneous Tablets Assay. [Journal Article]
- JAJ AOAC Int 2018 Jul 11
- CONCLUSIONS: The method showed adequate precision, with relative standard deviation values lower than 1.85%. Excellent values of accuracy were obtained, with a mean value of 98.64% for IND and 98.65% for DEL. Experimental design was used during validation to calculate and prove the method robustness. Highlights: The proposed LC method was successfully validated according to International Conference on Harmonisation requirements and applied for the simultaneous determination of DEL and IND in tablets, presenting suitability for stability studies and contributing to improve the QC of pharmaceuticals.
- Human peroxidasin 1 promotes angiogenesis through ERK1/2, Akt, and FAK pathways. [Journal Article]
- CRCardiovasc Res 2019 Feb 01; 115(2):463-475
- CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest a role of enzymatically active peroxidasin 1 as a pro-angiogenic peroxidase and a modulator of ERK1/2, Akt and FAK signalling.
New Search Next
- Attitudes of health care professionals toward people with intellectual disability: a comparison with the general population. [Journal Article]
- JIJ Intellect Disabil Res 2018; 62(9):746-758
- CONCLUSIONS: In addition to providing general knowledge about ID and the specific health care needs of individuals with ID, training programmes should also promote interactions with this population. Further studies are needed to document HCPs' pro-inclusion attitudes toward people with ID and to assess the impact of interventions on these attitudes.