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22 results
  • Relationships between sleep paralysis and sleep quality: current insights. [Review]
    Nat Sci Sleep 2018; 10:355-367Denis D
  • Sleep paralysis is the unusual experience of waking up in the night without the ability to move. Currently little is known about the experience, despite the fact that the vast majority of episodes are associated with extreme fear and in a minority of cases can lead to clinically significant levels of distress. The aim of this work was to review the existing literature pertaining to the relationsh…
  • Incubus Syndrome: A Case Series and Review of Literature. [Case Reports]
    Indian J Psychol Med 2018 May-Jun; 40(3):272-275Grover S, Mehra A
  • Incubus syndrome, characterized by delusional belief in female patients of being sexually approached by an unforeseen person, is rarely described in literature and description has been limited to isolated case reports. We describe four patients with schizophrenia, who reported the phenomenon of incubus and responded well to treatment with antipsychotics. A review of literature yielded five report…
  • Sexual Hallucinations in Schizophrenia Spectrum Disorders and Their Relation With Childhood Trauma. [Journal Article]
    Front Psychiatry 2018; 9:193Blom JD, Mangoenkarso E
  • CONCLUSIONS: In patients diagnosed with a schizophrenia spectrum disorder, sexual hallucinations warrant appropriate medical attention. They are not as rare as traditionally thought, and their relationship with childhood trauma is overwhelming. Therefore, we recommend that clinical attention be paid to the psychotic and traumatic symptoms of these patients, as well as to the somatic conditions that may underlie them. For clinical and research purposes, we propose a classification of sexual hallucinations in accordance with the sensory modalities involved. As sexual hallucinations are also experienced in the context of temporal lobe epilepsy, narcolepsy, persistent genital arousal disorder, intoxications and other somatic conditions, further research in transdiagnostic populations seems warranted. In line with the current practice of providing trauma-focused treatment for trauma-related auditory hallucinations, we recommend that future studies explore the effectiveness of this type of treatment for sexual hallucinations.
  • Traditional Practices of Mothers in the Postpartum Period: Evidence from Turkey. [Journal Article]
    Afr J Reprod Health 2018; 22(1):94-102Altuntuğ K, Anık Y, Ege E
  • In various cultures, the postpartum period is a sensitive time and various traditional practices are applied to protect the health of the mother and the baby. The aim of this study was to determine traditional practices of mother care in the postpartum period in Konya City of Turkey. The research was a descriptive, cross-sectional study carried out among 291 women at the first 8 weeks of postpart…
  • Prevalence Rates of the Incubus Phenomenon: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. [Journal Article]
    Front Psychiatry 2017; 8:253Molendijk ML, Montagne H, … Blom JD
  • CONCLUSIONS: This review and meta-analysis yielded a lifetime prevalence of the incubus phenomenon in the general population of 0.11 and, in selected samples, of 0.41. This is slightly higher than the prevalence rates in previous analyses that included cases of recurrent isolated sleep paralysis without an incubus phenomenon. Based on the condition's robust clinical presentation and the relatively high prevalence rates, we advocate inclusion of the incubus phenomenon as a diagnostic category in major classifications such as the International Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems and the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. Recommendations are also made for clinical practice and future research.
  • A systematic review of variables associated with sleep paralysis. [Review]
    Sleep Med Rev 2018; 38:141-157Denis D, French CC, Gregory AM
  • Sleep paralysis is a relatively common but under-researched phenomenon. While the causes are unknown, a number of studies have investigated potential risk factors. In this article, we conducted a systematic review on the available literature regarding variables associated with both the frequency and intensity of sleep paralysis episodes. A total of 42 studies met the inclusion criteria. For each …
  • Sleep paralysis and folklore. [Journal Article]
    JRSM Open 2015; 6(7):2054270415598091Cox AM
  • Sleep paralysis is a relatively new term to describe what for hundreds of years many believed to be a visitation by a malevolent creature which attacked its victims as they slept. The first clinical description of sleep paralysis was published in 1664 in a Dutch physician's case histories, where it was referred to as, 'Incubus or the Night-Mare [sic]'. In 1977, it was discovered more than 100 pre…
  • Drug recall: An incubus for pharmaceutical companies and most serious drug recall of history. [Review]
    Int J Pharm Investig 2015 Jan-Mar; 5(1):13-9Nagaich U, Sadhna D
  • There has been an increasing trend in the number of prescribed and over-the-counter drug recall over the last few years. The recall is usually due to company's discovery, customer's complaint or Food and Drug Administration (FDA) observation. The process of recall involves a planned specific course of action, which addresses the depth of recall, need for public warning, and the extent of effectiv…
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