- Infraorbital foramen location in the pediatric population: A guide for infraorbital nerve block. [Journal Article]
- PAPaediatr Anaesth 2018; 28(8):697-702
- CONCLUSIONS: The infraorbital foramen was located within 2 mm, on average, from the nasospinale-to-jugale midpoint regardless of age group. Therefore, the nasospinale-to-jugale midpoint may serve as useful means of identifying the location of the infraorbital foramen in the pediatric population and aid in optimizing infraorbital nerve block procedures. The information in this report is valuable in general, but may be particularly useful in developing countries where there is a lack of ultrasound training and availability for health care providers; or places where infraorbital nerve block may be the sole anesthetic modality for cleft lip surgery, even among adolescent patients.
- The Infraorbital Foramen Is Located Midway Between the Nasospinale and Jugale: Considerations for Infraorbital Nerve Block and Maxillofacial Surgery. [Journal Article]
- JCJ Craniofac Surg 2018; 29(2):523-527
- Identification of the infraorbital foramen is important in infraorbital nerve block and the prevention of iatrogenic injury of the infraorbital nerve in maxillofacial surgeries. This study assessed t…
Identification of the infraorbital foramen is important in infraorbital nerve block and the prevention of iatrogenic injury of the infraorbital nerve in maxillofacial surgeries. This study assessed the location of 887 infraorbital foramina from 518 adult crania of varied sex and population. The study assessed the midpoint of a line segment spanning from nasospinale to jugale (NS-J) relative to the infraorbital foramen. The mean distance of the NS-J midpoint from the infraorbital foramen was 2.1 ± 1.9 mm (mean ± SD) with a mode of 0 mm (266:887; 30%). The NS-J midpoint was located in the same plane or inferior to the infraorbital foramen in 98.4% of sides (873:887). There were no significant differences between sexes, populations, or sides with regard to the NS-J midpoint to infraorbital foramen distance. The NS-J midpoint can be used to locate the infraorbital foramen in both females and males of varied populations regardless of craniofacial diversity. The results of this study will aid in infraorbital nerve block procedures and maxillofacial surgery.
- Craniofacial features affecting mandibular asymmetries in skeletal Class II patients. [Journal Article]
- JOJ Orofac Orthop 2017; 78(5):437-445
- CONCLUSIONS: For skeletal Class II patients with mandibular asymmetry, some craniofacial features are related to chin deviation and require proper evaluation, including the bilateral differences in the ramus height, mandibular body length, transverse and vertical positioning of the gonion and jugale points.
- Effect of changing the head position on accuracy of transverse measurements of the maxillofacial region made on cone beam computed tomography and conventional posterior-anterior cephalograms. [Journal Article]
- DRDentomaxillofac Radiol 2017; 46(5):20160180
- CONCLUSIONS: The CBCT PA cephalogram was more accurate than the conventional PA cephalogram, and landmarks farther from the midline exhibited greater changes on cephalograms compared with those closer to the midline. Patients are at risk of improper positioning when undergoing extraoral radiography such as PA cephalograms. Changes in head position may affect the transverse measurements and thus the treatment plan.
- Maxillofacial Features Related to Mandibular Asymmetries in Skeletal Class III Patients. [Journal Article]
- JOJ Oral Maxillofac Surg 2017; 75(5):1015-1025
- CONCLUSIONS: In patients with skeletal Class III, not only lateral displacement of the menton but also a series of morphologic changes differed markedly for each degree of mandibular asymmetry.
- Effective Botulinum Toxin Injection Guide for Treatment of Temporal Headache. [Journal Article]
- TToxins (Basel) 2016 09 08; 8(9)
- This study involved an extensive analysis of published research on the morphology of the temporalis muscle in order to provide an anatomical guideline on how to distinguish the temporalis muscle and …
This study involved an extensive analysis of published research on the morphology of the temporalis muscle in order to provide an anatomical guideline on how to distinguish the temporalis muscle and temporalis tendon by observing the surface of the patient's face. Twenty-one hemifaces of cadavers were used in this study. The temporalis muscles were dissected clearly for morphological analysis between the temporalis muscle and tendon. The posterior border of the temporalis tendon was classified into three types: in Type I the posterior border of the temporalis tendon is located in front of reference line L2 (4.8%, 1/21), in Type II it is located between reference lines L2 and L3 (85.7%, 18/21), and in Type III it is located between reference lines L3 and L4 (9.5%, 2/21). The vertical distances between the horizontal line passing through the jugale (LH) and the temporalis tendon along each of reference lines L0, L1, L2, L3, and L4 were 29.7 ± 6.8 mm, 45.0 ± 8.8 mm, 37.7 ± 11.1 mm, 42.5 ± 7.5 mm, and 32.1 ± 0.4 mm, respectively. BoNT-A should be injected into the temporalis muscle at least 45 mm vertically above the zygomatic arch. This will ensure that the muscle region is targeted and so produce the greatest clinical effect with the minimum concentration of BoNT-A.
- Burnout and Work Engagement Among Dental Practitioners in Bangalore City: A Cross-Sectional Study. [Journal Article]
- JCJ Clin Diagn Res 2016; 10(2):ZC63-7
- CONCLUSIONS: Higher WE were found but still burnout persisted. Thus, burnout and WE were found to co-exist.
- Cone-beam computed tomography transverse analyses. Part 2: Measures of performance. [Journal Article]
- AJAm J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 2015; 148(2):253-63
- CONCLUSIONS: This study showed that although the TWM analysis had slightly better negative predictive and sensitivity values, the CBT analysis was overall better at both predictive value and sensitivity/specificity because of the limitations in J-point landmarks and the extent of the TWM analysis. Furthermore, the CBT analysis can distinguish between skeletal and dental discrepancies. Further work will test the analysis on additional samples with differing prevalences of crossbite.
- Clinical implications of the middle temporal vein with regard to temporal fossa augmentation. [Journal Article]
- DSDermatol Surg 2014; 40(6):618-23
- CONCLUSIONS: We propose that the safest area for filler injection in temporal fossa augmentation is one finger width above the zygomatic arch.
New Search Next
- Oral manifestations of suspected eating disorders among women of 20-25 years in Bangalore City, India. [Journal Article]
- JHJ Health Popul Nutr 2014; 32(1):46-50
- To detect the presence of eating disorders (EDs) and clinical findings in 20-25 years old women residing in professional college hostels in Bangalore city, India, a cross-sectional study was conducte…
To detect the presence of eating disorders (EDs) and clinical findings in 20-25 years old women residing in professional college hostels in Bangalore city, India, a cross-sectional study was conducted. One hundred seventeen women of the 128 selected randomly participated in the study. SCOFF [Sick, Control, One-stone (14 lbs/6.5 kg), Fat, Food] Questionnaire was used for screening suspected cases of anorexia nervosa (AN) and bulimia nervosa (BN). Examination was done for systemic findings, extra-oral and intra-oral manifestations of EDs. Data obtained were analyzed using SPSS (version 13.0). The response rate was 71.3%, of which 42.7% were suspected to have EDs by SCOFE Examination showed significantly higher prevalence of periomylolysis (p = 0.004), dental caries (p = 0.004), and tooth sensitivity (p = 0.001) in suspected cases. The study succeeded at 'case-finding' of EDs with a significant prevalence of oral manifestations in suspected cases. Thus, dentists play a major role for early detection and prompt further referral of co-morbid disorders, like EDs.