- Cactus-induced keratoconjunctivitis in Texas: A case series of three dogs and one cat. [Case Reports]Vet Ophthalmol 2019VO
- CONCLUSIONS: Cactus-induced keratoconjunctivitis should be considered as a differential in regions in which Opuntia cacti are prevalent, and microscopic ocular foreign bodies are observed. Although glochids are difficult to extract, positive clinical outcomes can occur in small animal patients despite the presence of residual organic corneal foreign material.
- Prevalence and Risk Factors of Vitamin A Deficiency in Children and Women of Childbearing Age in a Southern Indian Tribal Population: A Cross-Sectional Study. [Journal Article]Indian J Community Med 2019 Apr-Jun; 44(2):162-165IJ
- CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of VAD among children is a moderate public health problem. Strategies must focus on pregnant women and children from families with more than four children.
- Causes and Management Outcomes of Acquired Corneal Opacity in a Preschool Age (0-5 Years) Group: A Hospital-Based Study. [Journal Article]Cornea 2019; 38(7):868-872C
- CONCLUSIONS: Chemical injury and keratomalacia are the major causes of acquired corneal opacity in preschool age groups in India and are associated with poor visual prognosis.
- Bilateral Keratomalacia Secondary to Diet Induced Vitamin A Deficiency in an Ethiopian Young woman: A Case Report. [Case Reports]Ethiop J Health Sci 2019; 29(2):295-297EJ
- CONCLUSIONS: Although it is rare, treating physicians should be aware of the occurrence of Keratomalacia in adults which is potentially blinding. Early recognition and treatment of vitamin A deficiency at the stage of night blindness is essential in reducing blindness caused by Keratomalacia.
- Equine ulcerative keratitis with furrow: A review of the outcomes of 72 cases from 1987 to 2015. [Journal Article]Equine Vet J 2019; 51(6):749-755EV
- CONCLUSIONS: Furrow-forming ulcerative keratitis was associated with a positive visual outcome in 83% of horses treated at the University of Florida between the years 1987 and 2015. Furrow formation may be associated with either fungal or bacterial infection.
- Canine ocular and periocular snakebites requiring enucleation: A report of 19 cases. [Journal Article]Vet Ophthalmol 2019; 22(5):666-673VO
- CONCLUSIONS: Snakebite envenomation is a largely necrotizing disease process that can result in profound infiltrative and destructive ocular changes presumed to be related to the proteolytic factors and necrotoxins in venom. Ocular alterations secondary to snakebites may be irreversible regardless of supportive therapy instituted.
- Comparison of the efficacy of various concentrations and combinations of serum, ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid, tetracycline, doxycycline, minocycline, and N-acetylcysteine for inhibition of collagenase activity in an in vitro corneal degradation model. [Journal Article]Am J Vet Res 2018; 79(5):555-561AJ
- CONCLUSIONS: AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE Results suggested EDTA, tetracyclines, and NAC may be beneficial for topical treatment of keratomalacia, but in vivo studies are required.
- Capnocytophaga keratitis in dogs: clinical, histopathologic, and microbiologic features of seven cases. [Case Reports]Vet Ophthalmol 2018; 21(6):638-645VO
- CONCLUSIONS: Capnocytophaga keratitis is a severe, rapidly progressive corneal infection in dogs that is associated with diffuse corneal involvement, extensive keratomalacia, and a relatively poor prognosis. Clinical features of canine Capnocytophaga keratitis are similar to human cases of this infection.
- An unusual case of feline acute corneal hydrops: atypical disease presentation and possible in vivo detection of Descemet's membrane detachment in the cat's unaffected eye. [Case Reports]Vet Ophthalmol 2018; 21(4):426-431VO
- A 1-year-old, female spayed, domestic shorthair cat presented for blepharospasm of the right eye. Slit-lamp biomicroscopic examination showed focal corneal ulceration and presumptive keratomalacia of the right eye. Examination of the left eye was normal apart from a focal endothelial opacity. Within the first 24 h of medical management, the right eye developed marked corneal edema and globular an…
A 1-year-old, female spayed, domestic shorthair cat presented for blepharospasm of the right eye. Slit-lamp biomicroscopic examination showed focal corneal ulceration and presumptive keratomalacia of the right eye. Examination of the left eye was normal apart from a focal endothelial opacity. Within the first 24 h of medical management, the right eye developed marked corneal edema and globular anterior protrusion of the corneal surface consistent with feline acute corneal hydrops (FACH). Surgical management consisted of a bridge conjunctival graft, nictitating membrane flap, and temporary tarsorrhaphy. Resolution of corneal edema and pain occurred in the right eye within 24 days. Spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) of the anterior segment was performed in both eyes. Conjunctival tissue from the bridge graft precluded examination of deeper corneal structures in the right eye. The left eye displayed a focal separation of the corneal endothelium and Descemet's membrane from the overlying stroma. These SD-OCT findings are similar to the analogous syndrome found in humans and represent a potential etiology for FACH of the right eye in the case presented here. Unfortunately, the cat was lost to follow-up and the progression of this lesion to FACH in the left eye could not be determined.
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- Corneal Response to Injury and Infection in the Horse. [Review]Vet Clin North Am Equine Pract 2017; 33(3):439-463VC
- This article describes the natural responses of the immune system and the cornea to injury and infection. The process of reepithelialization and reformation of stromal collagen is discussed, as are the clinical signs and manifestations of the effects of the healing response when it is routine and when it is pathologic. Excessive inflammatory or immune responses by host tissues can cause further d…
This article describes the natural responses of the immune system and the cornea to injury and infection. The process of reepithelialization and reformation of stromal collagen is discussed, as are the clinical signs and manifestations of the effects of the healing response when it is routine and when it is pathologic. Excessive inflammatory or immune responses by host tissues can cause further damage that may be present from the antecedent injury or the effect of a pathogen. The clinical signs and manifestations of wound healing as well as potential therapeutic interventions are described.