- Point of choice kilocalorie labelling in the UK eating out of home sector: a descriptive study of major chains. [Journal Article]
- BPBMC Public Health 2019 May 28; 19(1):649
- CONCLUSIONS: It is rare for eating out and takeaway chains in the UK to provide point of choice kcal labelling and when labelling is provided it does not adhere to recommended labelling practices. Chains that previously volunteered to provide kcal labelling as part of an industry and public health partnership do so inadequately. Voluntary policies have not resulted in adequate kcal labelling in the UK eating out of home sector.
- The Effect of Macronutrient Type and Gastrointestinal Release Site on PYY Response in Normal Healthy Subjects. [Journal Article]
- JCJ Clin Endocrinol Metab 2019 Apr 25
- CONCLUSIONS: Targeting of fat to the distal small intestine in delayed release microcapsules enhances PYY release and is associated with reductions in food intake.
- Single-Meal Nutrient Assessment by a Self-Administered, Electronic Exit Survey Compared with a Multipass Dietary Interview in University Undergraduates in an All-You-Care-to-Eat Campus Dining Hall. [Journal Article]
- JAJ Acad Nutr Diet 2019; 119(5):739-749
- CONCLUSIONS: The electronic survey method performs similar to a multiple-pass dietary interview in assessing mean nutrient intake of ethnically diverse university undergraduates in a single eating occasion at an all-you-care-to-eat dining hall, but the survey may not be as efficient at capturing the total number of food items consumed.
- Dietary Sodium Intake is Predicted by Antihypertensive Medication Regimen in Patients With Heart Failure. [Journal Article]
- JCJ Cardiovasc Nurs 2019 Jul/Aug; 34(4):313-318
- CONCLUSIONS: Sodium intake was higher among patients prescribed ACE inhibitors. Interventions to assist patients with HF with dietary sodium adherence can be informed by assessing medication regimens.
- Between- and Within-Subjects Predictors of the Kilocalorie Content of Bites of Food. [Journal Article]
- JAJ Acad Nutr Diet 2019 Feb 16
- CONCLUSIONS: This model offers a new direction for methods of inexpensive, accurate, and objective estimates of kilocalorie intake from bite-based measures.
- Predicting Energy Expenditure of an Acute Resistance Exercise Bout in Men and Women. [Journal Article]
- MSMed Sci Sports Exerc 2019; 51(7):1532-1537
- CONCLUSIONS: Net energy expenditure for a total RE bout and for individual RE can be reasonably estimated in adult men and women using commonly measured demographic and RE variables.
- Quality improvement initiative to reduce adverse effects associated with parenteral nutrition overfeeding. [Journal Article]
- FGFrontline Gastroenterol 2019; 10(1):67-71
- CONCLUSIONS: A quality improvement initiative to reduce PN overfeeding was effective in reducing kilocalorie and ILE doses while maintaining similar amino acid doses. Observed complications were reduced following the intervention.
- Review: Domestic herbivores and food security: current contribution, trends and challenges for a sustainable development. [Review]
- AAnimal 2018; 12(s2):s188-s198
- Herbivores are found in a variety of ecosystems all over the world. Permanent pastures and meadows cover about 25% of global land. We currently count one domesticated herbivore for two people in the …
Herbivores are found in a variety of ecosystems all over the world. Permanent pastures and meadows cover about 25% of global land. We currently count one domesticated herbivore for two people in the world and the number is growing. Production systems and products are highly diverse. This high diversity is the result of thousands of years of natural selection and human-controlled breeding, as well as migration and trade. Because of the high diversity of domestic herbivore genetic resources, herders have been able to live in regions where no alternative for income generation exists. Meat and milk from domestic herbivores provide 16% and 8% of the global protein and kilocalorie consumption, respectively. They also provide a variety of essential micronutrients but can contribute to overweight and obesity when consumed in excess. Domestic herbivores also make significant contribution to food security through the production of manure, draught power and transport and the generation of income at household and national level. They have a key role to play in women's empowerment and gender equality, both in rural and urban areas.Demand for meat and milk is increasing because of population growth, rising incomes and urbanisation. This trend is expected to continue, especially in Latin America, South Asia and China. The sustainable development of domestic herbivore production needs to address the feed/food and the efficiency of herbivores in turning forages into protein. It also needs to address the contribution of herbivores to greenhouse gas emissions, especially of ruminants through enteric fermentation, and their mitigation potential, including through carbon sequestration. Animal genetic resources have a key role to play in mitigating and adapting to climate change. The role of ruminants in the circular bioeconomy needs to be enhanced, promoting the use of by-products and waste as livestock feed and the recycling of manure for energy and nutrients. Finally, the role of domestic herbivores in providing secure livelihoods and economic opportunities for millions of smallholder farmers and pastoralists needs to be enhanced. The sustainable development of the sector therefore requires adequate policies, and there are already a variety of mechanisms available, including regulations, cross-compliance systems, payments for environmental services and research and development. Priority areas for policy makers should be aligned with the global framework of the Sustainable Development Goals and include: (i) food security and nutrition, (ii) economic development and livelihoods, (iii) animal and human health and finally, (iv) environment, climate and natural resources.
- Forecasting future global food demand: A systematic review and meta-analysis of model complexity. [Meta-Analysis]
- EIEnviron Int 2018; 120:93-103
- Predicting future food demand is a critical step for formulating the agricultural, economic and conservation policies required to feed over 9 billion people by 2050 while doing minimal harm to the en…
Predicting future food demand is a critical step for formulating the agricultural, economic and conservation policies required to feed over 9 billion people by 2050 while doing minimal harm to the environment. However, published future food demand estimates range substantially, making it difficult to determine optimal policies. Here we present a systematic review of the food demand literature-including a meta-analysis of papers reporting average global food demand predictions-and test the effect of model complexity on predictions. We show that while estimates of future global kilocalorie demand have a broad range, they are not consistently dependent on model complexity or form. Indeed, time-series and simple income-based models often make similar predictions to integrated assessments (e.g., with expert opinions, future prices or climate influencing forecasts), despite having different underlying assumptions and mechanisms. However, reporting of model accuracy and uncertainty was uncommon, leading to difficulties in making evidence-based decisions about which forecasts to trust. We argue for improved model reporting and transparency to reduce this problem and improve the pace of development in this field.
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- StatPearls: Calories [BOOK]
- BOOKStatPearls Publishing: Treasure Island (FL)
- Calories are a measure of energy. "Small" calories (cal) estimate the amount of energy required to raise the temperature of exactly one gram of water by one degree Celsius at one atmospheric pressure…
Calories are a measure of energy. "Small" calories (cal) estimate the amount of energy required to raise the temperature of exactly one gram of water by one degree Celsius at one atmospheric pressure, and “big” calories, also known as kilogram calories (Cal), are more commonly known and refer to the calories in food. The big calorie is named because it is equivalent to 1000 of the small calories (1 kilocalorie).