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7,631 results
  • Safety of 2'-fucosyllactose/difucosyllactose mixture as a novel food pursuant to Regulation (EU) 2015/2283. [Journal Article]
    EFSA J. 2019 Jun; 17(6):e05717.EFSA Panel on Nutrition, Novel Foods and Food Allergens (NDA), Turck D, … Knutsen HK
  • Following a request from the European Commission, the EFSA Panel on Nutrition, Novel Foods and Food Allergens (NDA) was asked to deliver an opinion on 2'-fucosyllactose/difucosyllactose (2'-FL/DFL) mixture as a novel food (NF) pursuant to Regulation (EU) 2015/2283. The NF is a powdered mixture mainly composed of two oligosaccharides, 2'-FL and DFL, which are produced together by fermentation with…
  • Evaluating environmental impacts of selection for residual feed intake in pigs. [Journal Article]
    Animal. 2020 Jun 22 [Online ahead of print]Soleimani T, Gilbert H
  • To identify a proper strategy for future feed-efficient pig farming, it is required to evaluate the ongoing selection scenarios. Tools are lacking for the evaluation of pig selection scenarios in terms of environmental impacts to provide selection guidelines for a more sustainable pig production. Selection on residual feed intake (RFI) has been proposed to improve feed efficiency and potentially …
  • Quantum correlations between light and the kilogram-mass mirrors of LIGO. [Journal Article]
    Nature. 2020 Jul; 583(7814):43-47.Yu H, McCuller L, … members of the LIGO Scientific Collaboration
  • The measurement of minuscule forces and displacements with ever greater precision is inhibited by the Heisenberg uncertainty principle, which imposes a limit to the precision with which the position of an object can be measured continuously, known as the standard quantum limit1-4. When light is used as the probe, the standard quantum limit arises from the balance between the uncertainties of the …
  • Ultrasound-assisted fabrication of gluten-free dough for automatic producing dumplings. [Journal Article]
    Ultrason Sonochem. 2020 May 30; 68:105198.Ulasevich SA, Gusinskaia TA, … Skorb EV
  • Nowadays celiac disease is becoming more common. It is the autonomic genetic disease that is accompanied by damage to the intestines due to a reaction to eating some proteins. People who are suffering from celiac disease cannot eat food containing gluten, including dough made from gluten-containing seeds. But the gluten-free dough has commonly bad rheological properties and cannot be used for aut…
  • Hydroxyurea Dose Escalation for Sickle Cell Anemia in Sub-Saharan Africa. [Randomized Controlled Trial]
    N Engl J Med. 2020 06 25; 382(26):2524-2533.John CC, Opoka RO, … Ware RE
  • CONCLUSIONS: Among children with sickle cell anemia in sub-Saharan Africa, hydroxyurea with dose escalation had superior clinical efficacy to that of fixed-dose hydroxyurea, with equivalent safety. (Funded by the Doris Duke Charitable Foundation and the Cincinnati Children's Research Foundation; NOHARM MTD number, NCT03128515.).
  • Reduced phytotoxicity of nonylphenol on tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) plants by earthworm casts. [Journal Article]
    Environ Pollut. 2020 Jun 15; 265(Pt A):115020.Jiang L, Wang B, … Lin Y
  • Concentrations as high as thousands of milligrams per kilogram (dry weight) of nonylphenol (NP), an endocrine-disrupting chemical of great concern, have been reported in soil. Soil is considered one of the primary pathways for exposure of crop plants to NP. However, there have been few studies on the toxicity of soil NP to crop plants, especially with comprehensive consideration of the applicatio…
  • Preoperative Opioids Associated With Increased Postoperative Opioid Use in Pediatric Appendicitis. [Journal Article]
    J Surg Res. 2020 Jun 16; 255:144-151.Ferguson DM, Anding CM, … Austin MT
  • CONCLUSIONS: Preoperative opioid administration was independently associated with increased postoperative opioid use in pediatric appendicitis. These findings suggest that preoperative opioids may potentiate increased postoperative pain. Limiting preoperative opioid exposure, through strategies such as multimodal analgesia, may be an important facet of efforts to reduce postoperative opioid use.
  • Infusion of human umbilical cord tissue mesenchymal stromal cells in children with autism spectrum disorder. [Journal Article]
    Stem Cells Transl Med. 2020 Jun 12 [Online ahead of print]Sun JM, Dawson G, … Kurtzberg J
  • Ongoing neuroinflammation may contribute to symptoms of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in at least a portion of affected individuals. Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) have demonstrated the capacity to modulate neuroinflammation, but safety and feasibility of MSC administration in children with ASD have not been well established. In this open-label, phase I study, 12 children with ASD between 4 an…
  • Phase 3 Trial of RNAi Therapeutic Givosiran for Acute Intermittent Porphyria. [Randomized Controlled Trial]
    N Engl J Med. 2020 06 11; 382(24):2289-2301.Balwani M, Sardh E, … ENVISION Investigators
  • CONCLUSIONS: Among patients with acute intermittent porphyria, those who received givosiran had a significantly lower rate of porphyria attacks and better results for multiple other disease manifestations than those who received placebo. The increased efficacy was accompanied by a higher frequency of hepatic and renal adverse events. (Funded by Alnylam Pharmaceuticals; ENVISION number, NCT03338816.).
  • Occurrence, distribution and composition of microplastics in the sediments of South Andaman beaches. [Journal Article]
    Mar Pollut Bull. 2020 Jul; 156:111227.Patchaiyappan A, Ahmed SZ, … Devipriya SP
  • Herein, we report the prevalence of microplastics in the South Andaman beaches, India. The average microplastic abundance of the eight stations covered along the South Andaman beach was found to be 414.35 ± 87.4 particles per kilogram of beach sediment. Among the stations sampled, Kodiyaghat was found with highest microplastic abundance of 973.3 ± 76.59 particles per kilogram of beach sediment an…
  • Spray-Drying Synthesis of MOFs, COFs, and Related Composites. [Journal Article]
    Acc Chem Res. 2020 Jun 16; 53(6):1206-1217.Troyano J, Çamur C, … Maspoch D
  • ConspectusMetal-organic frameworks (MOFs) and covalent organic frameworks (COFs) are among the most attractive porous materials today. They exhibit outstanding porosity for countless applications such as gas storage, CO2 capture, gas separation, sensing, drug delivery, and catalysis. Moreover, researchers have recently begun to combine MOFs or COFs with other functional materials to obtain compos…
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