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(larynx)
60,992 results
  • StatPearls: Cancer, Glottic [BOOK]
    . StatPearls Publishing: Treasure Island (FL) Williamson Andrew J. AJ Imperial College London Bondje Sophie S Lister Hospital BOOK
  • Laryngeal cancers are one of the most common head and neck malignancies and thought to make up 1% of all cancers worldwide. Glottic cancer is defined as a malignancy arising from the true vocal cords and the anterior and posterior commissure of the larynx. Like other laryngeal cancers, smoking and alcohol abuse typically causes glottic cancer; however, tumors from this subsite have a better progn…
  • Robotic thyroid surgery. [Journal Article]
    Auris Nasus Larynx. 2020 Jul 04 [Online ahead of print]Tae K
  • Various remote access robotic thyroidectomy techniques have been developed using the da Vinci® surgical system (Intuitive Surgical Inc., Sunnyvale, CA) to hide or avoid neck scarring and overcome the limitations of endoscopic thyroidectomy. Among those used today are the gasless transaxillary approach, the bilateral axillo-breast approach (BABA), the gasless postauricular facelift approach, and t…
  • T1b Glottic Tumor and Anterior Commissure Involvement: Is the Transoral CO2 Laser Microsurgery a Safe Option? [Journal Article]
    Ear Nose Throat J. 2020 Jul 05 [Online ahead of print]Cabrera-Sarmiento JA, Vázquez-Barro JC, … Mayo-Yáñez M
  • CONCLUSIONS: Transoral CO2 laser therapy is an effective and reproducible treatment for early-stage laryngeal tumors. The results obtained are similar to previous studies, although they present discrepancies in relation to the role of the ACI. Prospective randomized trials are required focusing also on the patients' quality of life and functional outcome in order to clarify the role of the ACI and the need to implement changes in its evaluation, staging, and evolution.
  • KTP Laser Treatment of Early Glottic Cancer: A Multi-Institutional Retrospective Study. [Journal Article]
    Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol. 2020 Jul 04 [Online ahead of print]Parker NP, Weidenbecher MS, … Lott DG
  • CONCLUSIONS: A multi-institutional, retrospective case series of TLM-KTP ablation of EGC demonstrated excellent oncologic outcomes when close surveillance and proactive re-treatments were utilized. Disease-specific survival, overall survival, and vocal function were excellent. Additional studies are necessary to further analyze the merits and risks of this treatment approach.
  • Spinal muscular atrophy and Farber disease due to ASAH1 variants: A case report. [Case Reports]
    Am J Med Genet A. 2020 Jul 05 [Online ahead of print]Lee BH, Mongiovi P, … Ciafaloni E
  • Genetic variations in the ASAH1 gene are associated with a spectrum of disorders ranging from Farber disease (FD) to spinal muscular atrophy with or without progressive myoclonic epilepsy (SMA-PME). FD presents most commonly in infants with subcutaneous joint nodules, progressive arthritis and granulomas of the larynx and epiglottis leading to a hoarse cry. SMA-PME is characterized by childhood o…
  • Challenges in topical therapy of chronic rhinosinusitis: The case of nasal drops application - A systematic review. [Journal Article]
    Auris Nasus Larynx. 2020 Jun 30 [Online ahead of print]Trabut S, Friedrich H, … Negoias S
  • CONCLUSIONS: The positions Lying Head Back, Lateral Head Low, and variations of those can be recommended equally at the moment. Evidence speaks against the use of the classic Head Back position because of poor clinical outcome, and against the position Head Down and Forward as initial therapeutic approach because of high discomfort. For the olfactory cleft, a new head position has been described (Kaiteki), although no comparisons to other positions exist to date.
  • Intrinsic Laryngeal Lipoma Treated with Transoral CO₂ Laser Microsurgery: An Unusual Case Report. [Journal Article]
    Am J Case Rep. 2020 Jul 03; 21:e920528.Lombardo N, Lobello N, … Motta G
  • CONCLUSIONS: Laryngeal lipomas are benign and rare lesions, in particular intrinsic lipomas are uncommon, but, if they grow, they can cause life-threatening symptoms. In our case, a lipoma reached a size of around 2 centimeters and was not pedunculated, only a histopathological examination of the surgical specimens could provide a differential diagnosis against a lipoma-like liposarcoma. The use of Transoral Laser CO₂ Micro-laryngoscopy (TLM) provided good management of a small intrinsic lipomas of the larynx, minimizing the potential for relapses.
  • Does More Compression Mean More Pressure? A New Classification for Muscle Tension Dysphonia. [Journal Article]
    J Speech Lang Hear Res. 2020 Jul 02 [Online ahead of print]Fernández S, Garaycochea O, … Alcalde J
  • Objective The aims of this study were to test the hypothesis that greater supraglottic compression (anteroposterior or lateral) correlates with higher subglottic pressure (SGP) and to develop a classification of muscle tension dysphonia (MTD), based on the degree of supraglottic compression during speech. Method A prospective, cross-sectional study was conducted in a series of 37 consecutive pati…
  • A Review of Methods for the Preservation of Laryngeal Nerves During Thyroidectomy. [Review]
    Sisli Etfal Hastan Tip Bul. 2018; 52(2):79-91.Uludağ M, Tanal M, İşgör A
  • The recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) provides motor innervation to the abductor and adductor muscles of the vocal cord, whereas the external branch of the superior laryngeal nerve (EBSLN) provides motor innervation to the cricothyroid muscle, which is the tensor muscle of the vocal cord. Both the RLN and the EBSLN are anatomically close to the thyroid and are therefore at risk of injury during thy…
  • Contributions of Auditory and Somatosensory Feedback to Vocal Motor Control. [Journal Article]
    J Speech Lang Hear Res. 2020 Jun 30 [Online ahead of print]Smith DJ, Stepp C, … Kearney E
  • Purpose To better define the contributions of somatosensory and auditory feedback in vocal motor control, a laryngeal perturbation experiment was conducted with and without masking of auditory feedback. Method Eighteen native speakers of English produced a sustained vowel while their larynx was physically and externally displaced on a subset of trials. For the condition with auditory masking, spe…
  • Angioleiomyoma of the Larynx: A Case Report and Literature Review. [Journal Article]
    Ear Nose Throat J. 2020 Jun 30 [Online ahead of print]Perardi F, Abbate G, … Scotti A
  • Angioleiomyoma is a benign smooth muscle and vessel tumor; laryngeal localization is extremely rare with only 24 cases described in the literature; moreover, it should be considered in the differential diagnosis of laryngeal mass. Endoscopic complete surgical excision with dissection along capsule is now considered the gold-standard treatment for small and well-circumscribed laryngeal angioleiomy…
  • HCV infection and the risk of head and neck cancer: A meta-analysis. [Review]
    Oral Oncol. 2020 Jun 26; 109:104869.Borsetto D, Fussey J, … Boscolo-Rizzo P
  • Recent evidence has consistently suggested a role for HCV in the etiology of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC), but the conclusions of these studies have often been limited by small sample size. Therefore, a meta-analysis was performed to summarize present evidence on the association between HCV infection and HNSCC. After screening citations from literature search, eight observational…
  • The effect of partial and total laryngectomy on couples' sexual functions in men with larynx cancer. [Journal Article]
    Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol. 2020 Jun 28 [Online ahead of print]Gür H, Çayan S, … Görür K
  • CONCLUSIONS: Laryngectomies have negative impact on male erectile and ejaculatory functions, and also have negative effect on female partners' sexual functions. Presence of pre-operative erectile dysfunction and additional chemo-radiation therapy were the predictors to decrease in erectile and ejaculatory functions after surgery. Therefore, male patients and their female partners should be informed in light of these findings before laryngeal surgery and adjuvant therapy.
  • Effects of Rheumatoid Arthritis on the Larynx. [Journal Article]
    Iran J Otorhinolaryngol. 2020 May; 32(110):147-153.Dehghan M, Ahmadi A, … Gholinia H
  • CONCLUSIONS: It seems that rheumatoid arthritis affects the patterns of arytenoids movement, some kinds of glottal closure patterns, and subglottal changes. As the results indicated, the occurrence of some laryngeal structural changes was higher in patients with rheumatoid arthritis than in individuals without this disorder.
  • Effect of dexmedetomidine sedation on swallowing reflex: A pilot study. [Journal Article]
    J Dent Sci. 2020 Jun; 15(2):207-213.Sanuki T, Mishima G, Ayuse T
  • CONCLUSIONS: Our data demonstrate that DEX sedation carries a potential risk of aspiration due to swallowing reflex depression during elevation of the larynx; therefore, suctioning of water and saliva should be rigorously performed. However, peripheral muscle contraction of the submental muscle complex, neural organization function, and timing of the swallowing reflex in relation to the respiratory cycle are not affected.
  • POSITIVE EXPRESSION OF NEDD9 IN HEAD AND NECK CANCER IS RELATED TO BETTER SURVIVAL PERIOD. [Journal Article]
    Acta Clin Croat. 2019 Dec; 58(4):655-661.Ledinsky Opačić I, Gršić K, … Šarčević B
  • The aim was to determine immunohistochemical expression of NEDD9 protein in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) and the possible relation of its expression with primary tumor size (T), regional lymph node status (N), stage of disease (TNM) and survival period. A total of 131 patients with primary tumor localization in the area of oropharynx, hypopharynx and larynx, monitored for at leas…
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