- Calcifying fibrous tumor and inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor are epigenetically related: A comparative genome-wide methylation study. [Journal Article]
- ADAnn Diagn Pathol 2019 Jun 03; 41:102-105
- Based on histological findings, calcifying fibrous tumor (CFT) may be a late (burned out) stage of inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor (IMT). This concept, however, has not been proven by molecular me…
Based on histological findings, calcifying fibrous tumor (CFT) may be a late (burned out) stage of inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor (IMT). This concept, however, has not been proven by molecular means. Five CFTs were analyzed for IMT-related rearrangements in ALK, ROS1 and RET using fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). Additionally, genome-wide methylation patterns were investigated and compared with IMT (n = 7), leiomyoma (n = 7), angioleiomyoma (n = 9), myopericytoma (n = 7) and reactive soft tissue lesions (n = 10) using unsupervised hierarchical cluster analysis and t distributed stochastic neighbor embedding. CFT patients, 4 females and 1 male, had a median age of 20 years ranging from 7 to 43 years. Two patients were younger than 18 years old. The tumors originated in the abdomen (n = 4) and axilla (n = 1). Histologically, all lesions were (multi) nodular and hypocellular consisting of bland looking (myo)fibroblasts embedded in a collagenous matrix with calcifications. FISH analysis brought up negative results for ALK, RET and ROS1 rearrangements. However, genome-wide methylation analysis revealed overlapping methylation patterns of CFT and IMT forming a distinct homogeneous methylation cluster with exception of one case clustering with myopericytoma/angioleiomyoma. In conclusion, DNA methylation profiling supports the concept that CFT and IMT represent both ends of a spectrum of one entity with CFT being the burn out stage of IMT.
- [Excision and tectonic covering of a vascular leiomyoma of the ciliary body with large anterior staphyloma using scleral patch graft]. [Journal Article]
- OOphthalmologe 2019 Jun 14
- Benign tumors of the ciliary body are rare and may potentially be confused with uveal melanoma in clinical routine. Clinical findings rarely allow for safe differentiation. Hence primary excisions ar…
Benign tumors of the ciliary body are rare and may potentially be confused with uveal melanoma in clinical routine. Clinical findings rarely allow for safe differentiation. Hence primary excisions are frequent. We report the case of a patient with a benign ciliary tumor, which was observed over a total of 13 years and eventually underwent a local tumor resection.
- Utility of endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration cytology in rapid on-site evaluation for the diagnosis of gastric submucosal tumors: Retrospective analysis of a single-center experience. [Journal Article]
- DCDiagn Cytopathol 2019 Jun 14
- CONCLUSIONS: EUS-FNA cytological examination in ROSE for gastric SMTs aided in the collection of sufficient amounts of tumor tissues for preparing cell blocks. This method led to a high rate of accurate pre-operative diagnosis in patients with gastric SMTs.
- The role of fibromodulin in cancer pathogenesis: implications for diagnosis and therapy. [Review]
- CCCancer Cell Int 2019; 19:157
- Fibromodulin (FMOD) is known as one of very important extracellular matrix small leucine-rich proteoglycans. This small leucine-rich proteoglycan has critical roles in the extracellular matrix organi…
Fibromodulin (FMOD) is known as one of very important extracellular matrix small leucine-rich proteoglycans. This small leucine-rich proteoglycan has critical roles in the extracellular matrix organization and necessary for repairing of tissue in many organs. Given that the major task of FMOD is the modulation of collagen fibrillogenesis. However, recently observed that FMOD plays very important roles in the modulation of a variety of pivotal biological processes including angiogenesis, regulation of TGF-β activity, and differentiation of human fibroblasts into pluripotent cells, inflammatory mechanisms, apoptosis and metastatic related phenotypes. Besides these roles, FMOD has been considered as a new tumor-related antigen in some malignancies such as lymphoma, leukemia, and leiomyoma. Taken together, these findings proposed that FMOD could be introduced as diagnostic and therapeutic biomarkers in treatment of various cancers. Herein, for first time, we highlighted the various roles of FMOD in the cancerous conditions. Moreover, we summarized the diagnostic and therapeutic applications of FMOD in cancer therapy.
- Gallbladder leiomyoma treated by laparoscopic cholecystectomy in a dog. [Journal Article]
- JAJ Am Vet Med Assoc 2019 Jul 01; 255(1):85-89
- CONCLUSIONS: Leiomyomas, although rare, can develop in dogs and should be considered as a differential diagnosis for intramural gallbladder lesions. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy served as a minimally invasive surgical treatment for this benign neoplasia.
- A 52-Year-Old Woman With an Abdominal Mass, Bilateral Pulmonary Nodules, and Mediastinal and Hilar Lymphadenopathy. [Journal Article]
- ChestChest 2019; 155(6):e175-e178
- A 52-year-old, nonsmoking, African-American woman with a history of obesity, hypertension, and rheumatoid arthritis was referred for workup of multiple bilateral pulmonary nodules. The pulmonary nodu…
A 52-year-old, nonsmoking, African-American woman with a history of obesity, hypertension, and rheumatoid arthritis was referred for workup of multiple bilateral pulmonary nodules. The pulmonary nodules were discovered incidentally while undergoing a CT scan for an abdominal mass that was radiographically diagnosed as a uterine leiomyoma. She was asymptomatic from a pulmonary standpoint without unintentional weight loss, fevers, or night sweats. Her mother and sister had a history of lung cancer. She was diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis 5 years earlier that was controlled with adalimumab for approximately 3 years when she stopped being seen by her rheumatologist and discontinued adalimumab. During evaluation for the abdominal mass, she re-established care with a rheumatologist and was started on 40 mg prednisone daily with plans to restart adalimumab once the workup for the abdominal mass and pulmonary nodules was completed. She had undergone bariatric surgery with cholecystectomy approximately 5 years earlier, after which she experienced intentional postsurgical weight loss.
- Can ovaries be preserved after an ovarian arteriovenous disconnection? One case report and a review of surgical treatment using Da Vinci robots for aggressive ovarian fibromatosis. [Journal Article]
- JOJ Ovarian Res 2019 Jun 07; 12(1):52
- CONCLUSIONS: A thorough review of academic journals combined with our collection of clinical data was conducted, which confirmed the double blood supply source to the ovaries. As a result of this exploration, a new surgical method is being proposed that is designed to protect the ovaries. By conducting this new procedure, the patient's disease was not only halted and ultimately cured, but results demonstrate that the method was also able to retain the shape and function of the ovary. The postoperative satisfaction of the patient was significantly improved.
- Detailed Morphologic and Immunohistochemical Characterization of Myomectomy and Hysterectomy Specimens From Women With Hereditary Leiomyomatosis and Renal Cell Carcinoma Syndrome (HLRCC). [Journal Article]
- AJAm J Surg Pathol 2019 May 31
- Hereditary leiomyomatosis and renal cell carcinoma syndrome (HLRCC), caused by a germline mutation in the fumarate hydratase (FH) gene, predisposes patients to uterine and cutaneous smooth muscle tum…
Hereditary leiomyomatosis and renal cell carcinoma syndrome (HLRCC), caused by a germline mutation in the fumarate hydratase (FH) gene, predisposes patients to uterine and cutaneous smooth muscle tumors and an aggressive type of renal cell carcinoma. Almost all women with HLRCC develop symptomatic uterine leiomyomas resulting in surgery at young ages, presenting an ideal opportunity for early detection of these patients and the implementation of surveillance measures for renal cell carcinoma. FH-deficient uterine leiomyomas can show characteristic morphologic features (FH-d morphology) that have been previously described. Immunohistochemistry (IHC) for FH can also be helpful in detecting FH deficiency in leiomyomas, which manifests as complete loss of staining for FH. However, the distribution and topography of FH-d morphology and FH loss by IHC in the context of multiple leiomyomas in patients with HLRCC has not been evaluated. The aim of this study is to describe in detail the clinical and pathologic characteristics of uterine leiomyomas from women with HLRCC. Six patients with proven FH germline mutations were included. All available slides were reviewed and FH IHC staining was performed on multiple blocks when possible. Clinical data were extracted from online medical records. All 6 patients presented with symptomatic uterine fibroids and underwent myomectomy (age 24 to 36 y), followed by hysterectomy in 2 patients (age 31 and 40 y). Specimens showed conventional leiomyomas, cellular leiomyomas and leiomyomas with bizarre nuclei. FH-d morphology was present in leiomyomas from all patients and was typically observed as a diffuse finding in the majority of slides across different leiomyoma types. FH-d morphology was absent in some leiomyoma sections from one patient and the morphologic features were focal and subtle in leiomyomas from 2 patients. Both hysterectomy specimens were also notable for showing scattered irregular tongues and nodules of smooth muscle proliferation (leiomyomatosis-like) in the background myometrium. Immunohistochemical staining of multiple slides per patient for FH showed either retained staining in all sections (2/6 cases), loss of staining in all sections (1 case) or variable staining across different leiomyomas (3 cases). In conclusion, patients with HLRCC undergo surgery at young ages for highly symptomatic uterine leiomyomas. FH-d morphology is usually a diffuse and well developed finding across different leiomyomas but may be absent or focal and subtle. FH IHC can show variable results and presence of retained FH staining should not be used to exclude the possibility of HLRCC. Referral for genetic counselling and testing should be considered in a young patient with uterine leiomyomas showing FH-d morphology even if immunohistochemical staining for FH is retained.
- The effect of high-intensity focused ultrasound guided by magnetic resonance therapy on obstetrical outcomes in patients with uterine fibroids - experiences from the main Polish center and a review of current data. [Journal Article]
- IJInt J Hyperthermia 2019; 36(1):582-590
- CONCLUSIONS: MRgFUS/MR-HIFU seems to be an interesting minimally invasive alternative for women with UFs who wish to conceive and deliver after the procedure. This method does not increase the rate of spontaneous abortions or pregnancy complications. In our opinion, it is important to take off an unjustified badge stating that MRgFUS/MR-HIFU method is contraindicated in women with UFs who wish to conceive.
New Search Next
- MiR-150-5p May Contribute to Pathogenesis of Human Leiomyoma via Regulation of the Akt/p27Kip1 Pathway In Vitro. [Journal Article]
- IJInt J Mol Sci 2019 May 31; 20(11)
- Uterine leiomyoma is found in ~50-80% of women of a reproductive age and is the most common reason for hysterectomy. Recently, posttranscriptional gene silencing by microRNAs (miRs) has been reported…
Uterine leiomyoma is found in ~50-80% of women of a reproductive age and is the most common reason for hysterectomy. Recently, posttranscriptional gene silencing by microRNAs (miRs) has been reported as a mechanism for regulating gene expression stability in the pathogenesis of uterine leiomyomas. In this study, miR microarray analysis of leiomyomas and paired myometrial tissue revealed numerous aberrantly expressed miRs, including miR-150. In functional assays, transfection with miR-150 mimic resulted in decreased migration and fibrosis, implying an inhibition of leiomyoma growth. To identify the target genes of miR-150 in leiomyoma, gene set analysis and network analysis were performed. To overcome the limitations of in silico analysis, changes in expression levels of hallmark genes in leiomyoma after transfection with a miR-150 mimic were also evaluated using qRT-PCR. As a result, the Akt/p27Kip1 pathway was presumed to be one of the target pathways of miR-150. After transfecting cultured leiomyoma cells with the miR-150 mimic, expression levels of its target gene Akt decreased, whereas those of p27Kip1 increased significantly. Our results suggest that miR-150 affects the cell cycle regulation in uterine leiomyoma through the Akt/p27Kip1 pathway.