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390,647 results
  • Radiologists are increasingly recommending follow-up of chest radiographs: a 10-year review. [Journal Article]
    Ir J Med Sci. 2020 Jul 06 [Online ahead of print]Heaney AM, O'Rourke C, … Torreggiani WC
  • CONCLUSIONS: Along with the increase in the quantity of GP-referred chest radiographs over the past 10 years, suggestions for follow-up have increased, particularly for nodule surveillance. Reasons for this increase may include lack of availability of CT to GPs for lung cancer screening, insensitivity of plain radiographs to early cancer detection, and possible fear of litigation for missing lesions, making radiologists more cautious.
  • Conflict before the courtroom: challenging cognitive biases in critical decision-making. [Journal Article]
    J Med Ethics. 2020 Jul 06 [Online ahead of print]Johal HK, Danbury C
  • Conflict is an important consideration in the intensive care unit (ICU). In this setting, conflict most commonly occurs over the 'best interests' of the incapacitated adult patient; for instance, when families seek aggressive life-sustaining treatments, which are thought by the medical team to be potentially inappropriate. Indeed, indecision on futility of treatment and the initiation of end-of-l…
  • Is Litigation the Way to Combat the Opioid Crisis? [Journal Article]
    J Law Med Ethics. 2020 Jun; 48(2):293-306.Ausness RC
  • This paper examines the lawsuits brought by state and local government entities against prescription opioid producers and sellers. It examines their potential liability as well as some of the defenses they might raise. The paper also discusses multidistrict litigation and government lawsuits in state court. It concludes that litigation is not the best solution to the opioid crisis.
  • The Public Health Value of Opioid Litigation. [Journal Article]
    J Law Med Ethics. 2020 Jun; 48(2):279-292.Haffajee RL
  • Opioid litigation continues a growing public health litigation trend in which governments seek to hold companies responsible for population harms related to their products. The litigation can serve to address gaps in regulatory and legislative policymaking and in market self-regulation pervasive in the prescription opioid domain. Moreover, prior opioid settlements have satisfied civil tort litiga…
  • Equipping children's nurses to de-escalate conflict and communicate challenging information. [Journal Article]
    Nurs Child Young People. 2020 Jul 06 [Online ahead of print]Crawford D, Corkin D, McKenzie G
  • This article considers some of the challenging situations that children's nurses may encounter when there are tensions and disagreements between the family of the child or young person in their care and the wider professional team. The focus is on disagreements about what some might consider futile critical care. It aims to equip children's nurses with strategies for dealing with conflict and ten…
  • Comments on a recent case-control study of malignant mesothelioma of the pericardium and the tunica vaginalis testis. [Letter]
    Scand J Work Environ Health. 2020 Jul 06 [Online ahead of print]Mezei G, Chang ET, … Moolgavkar SH
  • As the first case-control study of malignant mesothelioma of the pericardium and the tunica vaginalis testis (mTVT), the paper by Marinaccio et al (1) is potentially an important epidemiologic contribution. A careful review of the paper, however, raises a number of methodological issues. Any case-control study can be viewed as being nested within a conceptual cohort, with controls being sampled f…
  • The Islamic perspective on physician-assisted suicide and euthanasia. [Journal Article]
    Med Sci Law. 2020 Jul 05 [Online ahead of print]Madadin M, Al Sahwan HS, … Menezes RG
  • Physician-assisted suicide (PAS) and euthanasia can be debated from ethical and legal perspectives, and there are a variety of views regarding their acceptability and usefulness. Religion is considered an important factor in determining attitudes towards such practices. This narrative review aims to provide an overview of the Islamic perspective on PAS and euthanasia and explore the Islamic appro…
  • Thirty years of the CRC: Child protection progress, challenges and opportunities. [Journal Article]
    Child Abuse Negl. 2020 Jul 01 [Online ahead of print]Tobin J, Cashmore J
  • The CRC has a challenging and ambitious agenda in relation to the protection of children from all forms of violence, particularly the large and increasing numbers of children affected by natural disasters, armed conflict, trafficking, poverty and increasing inequality, displacement and trafficking. In this article, we outline some of the issues in the implementation and understanding of the Conve…
  • Healthcare professionals' beliefs, attitudes, knowledge and behaviour around vaping in pregnancy and postpartum: A qualitative study. [Journal Article]
    Nicotine Tob Res. 2020 Jul 05 [Online ahead of print]Hunter A, Yargawa J, … Cooper S
  • CONCLUSIONS: Factors related to capability, opportunity and motivation were identified that influence HCPs attitudes and behaviours towards vaping in pregnancy. Gaps in knowledge and training needs were identified, which could inform the development of targeted vaping training.E-cigarettes could be suitable in pregnancy for those struggling to quit smoking. However, healthcare professionals (HCP) must be informed about these devices to offer appropriate advice. These data extend our knowledge of factors influencing HCP attitudes and behaviours towards vaping in pregnancy. Generally, vaping was perceived as safer than cigarettes but a perceived lack of evidence, health and safety risks, dependency and regulation issues were concerning. Considering our findings, greater efforts are needed to ensure HCPs are sufficiently informed about vaping and guidelines available. More importance should be placed on training for all HCPs who have contact with pregnant women.
  • Headache and Neuroimaging: Why We Continue to Do It. [Review]
    AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2020 Jul 02 [Online ahead of print]Jordan JE, Flanders AE
  • The appropriate imaging of patients with headache presents a number of important and vexing challenges for clinicians. Despite a number of guidelines and studies demonstrating a lack of cost-effectiveness, clinicians continue to image patients with chronic nonfocal headaches, and the trend toward imaging is increasing. The reasons are complex and include the fear of missing a clinically significa…
  • A Systematic Review of Tobacco Industry Tactics in Southeast Asia: Lessons for Other Low- And MiddleIncome Regions. [Journal Article]
    Int J Health Policy Manag. 2020 Jun 21 [Online ahead of print]Amul GGH, Tan GPP, van der Eijk Y
  • CONCLUSIONS: The experience of Southeast Asia with tobacco transnationals show that, beyond highlighting the public health benefits, underscoring the economic benefits of tobacco control might be a more compelling argument for governments in LMICs to prioritise tobacco control. Given the tobacco industry's widespread use of litigation, LMICs need more legal support and resources to counter industry litigations. LMICs should also prioritize measures to protect health policy from the vested interests of the tobacco industry, and to close regulatory loopholes in tobacco marketing restrictions.
  • COVID-19, Australia: Epidemiology Report 19 (Fortnightly reporting period ending 21 June 2020). [Journal Article]
    Commun Dis Intell (2018). 2020 Jun 29; 44COVID-19 National Incident Room Surveillance Team
  • Notified cases of COVID-19 and associated deaths reported to the National Notifiable Diseases Surveillance System (NNDSS) to 21 June 2020. Confirmed cases in Australia notified up to 7 June 2020: notifications = 7,491; deaths = 102. The incidence of COVID-19 has markedly reduced since a peak in mid-March. A combination of early case identification, physical distancing, public health measures and …
  • Litigation in Hand Surgery: A 30-Year Review. [Journal Article]
    Plast Reconstr Surg. 2020 Jun 22 [Online ahead of print]Sasor SE, Chung KC
  • CONCLUSIONS: This study reviews malpractice claims in hand surgery over the last 30 years. Providing timely diagnoses, managing expectations, and reducing procedural error may decrease the risk of litigation.
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