- Information and Diagnosis Networks - tools to improve diagnosis and treatment for patients with rare genetic diseases. [Journal Article]
- GMGenet Mol Biol 2019 Jun 10
- Brazil is a country of continental dimensions and most genetic services are concentrated in the Southeast and South, including the Medical Genetics Service of the Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre…
Brazil is a country of continental dimensions and most genetic services are concentrated in the Southeast and South, including the Medical Genetics Service of the Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre (MGS/HCPA). As many areas on the country do not have adequate medical genetics support, networks were designed to extend the service of the MGS/HCPA reference center. This paper presents the information and diagnosis networks that have their headquarters at MGS/HCPA: SIAT (National Information System on Teratogenic Agents), SIEM (Information Service on Inborn Errors of Metabolism), Alô Genética (Hello Genetics - Medical Genetics Information Service for Primary Health Care Professionals); Rede MPS Brasil (MPS-Mucopolysaccharidosis Brazil Network); Rede EIM Brasil (IEM-Inborn Errors of Metabolism Brazil Network), Rede NPC Brasil (Niemann-Pick C - NPC Brazil Network), Rede DLD Brasil (LSD-Lysosomal Storage Disorders Brazil Network), Rede DXB (MSUD-Maple Syrup Urine Disease Network), RedeBRIM (Brazilian Network of Reference and Information in Microdeletion Syndromes Project), Rede Neurogenética (Neurogenetics Network), and Rede Brasileira de Câncer Hereditário (Brazilian Hereditary Cancer Network). These tools are very useful to provide access to a qualified information and/or diagnostic service for specialized and non-specialized health services, bypassing difficulties that preclude patients to access reference centers.
- Expanding the genetic and phenotypic spectrum of branched-chain amino acid transferase 2 (BCAT2) deficiency. [Journal Article]
- JIJ Inherit Metab Dis 2019 Jun 08
- CONCLUSIONS: BCAT2 deficiency is an inborn error of BCAA catabolism. At present, it is unclear whether developmental delay and autism are parts of the variable phenotypic spectrum of this condition or coincidental. Further studies will be required to explore this. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
- Maple syrup urine disease mutation spectrum in a cohort of 40 consanguineous patients and insilico analysis of novel mutations. [Journal Article]
- MBMetab Brain Dis 2019 May 22
- Maple syrup urine disease is the primary aminoacidopathy affecting branched-chain amino acid (BCAA) metabolism. The disease is mainly caused by the deficiency of an enzyme named branched-chained α-ke…
Maple syrup urine disease is the primary aminoacidopathy affecting branched-chain amino acid (BCAA) metabolism. The disease is mainly caused by the deficiency of an enzyme named branched-chained α-keto acid dehydrogenase (BCKD), which consist of four subunits (E1α, E1β, E2, and E3), and encoded by BCKDHA, BCKDHB, DBT, and DLD gene respectively. BCKD is the main enzyme in the catabolism pathway of BCAAs. Hight rate of autosomal recessive disorders is expected from consanguineous populations like Iran. In this study, we selected two sets of STR markers linked to the four genes, that mutation in which can result in MSUD disease. The patients who had a homozygous haplotype for selected markers of the genes were sequenced. In current survey, we summarized our recent molecular genetic findings to illustrate the mutation spectrum of MSUD in our country. Ten novel mutations including c.484 A > G, c.834_836dup CAC, c.357del T, and c. (343 + 1_344-1) _ (742 + 1_743-1)del in BCKDHB, c.355-356 ins 7 nt ACAAGGA, and c.703del T in BCKDHA, and c.363delCT/c.1238 T > C, c. (433 + 1_434-1) _ (939 + 1_940-1)del, c.1174 A > C, and c.85_86ins AACG have been found in DBT gene. Additionally, structural models of MSUD mutations have been performed to predict the pathogenicity of the newly identified variants.
- Identification of six novel mutations in five infants with suspected maple syrup urine disease based on blood and urine metabolism screening. [Journal Article]
- GENEGene 2019 May 18; 710:9-16
- Maple syrup urine disease (MSUD) is a rare autosomal recessive genetic metabolic disease, with a high incidence rate in infants. We analyzed the data of molecular genetic analysis of five infants who…
Maple syrup urine disease (MSUD) is a rare autosomal recessive genetic metabolic disease, with a high incidence rate in infants. We analyzed the data of molecular genetic analysis of five infants whose metabolism screening suspected MSUD and described their clinical symptoms. Further, we performed next-generation sequencing and Sanger sequencing to determine the genetic causes of the disease. Bioinformatics tools were used to predict the pathogenicity of novel mutations by performing structural modeling. All the five infants showed symptoms before one year of age and had elevated plasma leucine and valine levels. Among them, four infants presented an obvious increase in the urine lactic acid level. We identified the genetic cause of the disease in four infants and analyzed the pathogenicity of six novel mutations, viz., two mutations in BCKDHA (p.Gly180Asp and p.Arg265Gln), three in BCKDHB (p.Tyr169Cys, p.Ala331Thr, and p.Gly336Ser), and one in DBT (p.Leu69Arg), using in silico analysis. We also reviewed previously reported mutations in Chinese patients and summarized their genotypic and phenotypic characteristics. Our study has confirmed or corrected the clinical diagnosis and enriched the mutation spectrum of BCKDHA, BCKDHB, and DBT. We suggest blood and urine metabolism screening combined with next generation sequencing to diagnose MSUD, especially in infants, to achieve early diagnosis and early treatment.
- Maple Syrup Urine Disease and Domino Liver Transplantation: When and How? [Editorial]
- LTLiver Transpl 2019; 25(6):827-828
- Continuous venovenous hemodiafiltration in the treatment of newborns with an inborn metabolic disease: a single center experience [Journal Article]
- TJTurk J Med Sci 2019 Apr 24; 49(3)
- CONCLUSIONS: CVVHDF is a CRRT modality that can be used to treat newborns with an inborn metabolic disease. Early diagnosis, and commencement of specific medical therapy, diet, and extracorporeal support, if needed, are likely to result in improved short- and long-term outcomes.
- Early experiences with the use of continuous erector spinae plane blockade for the provision of perioperative analgesia for pediatric liver transplant recipients. [Journal Article]
- RAReg Anesth Pain Med 2019 Apr 16
- CONCLUSIONS: These early experiences suggest a role for continuous ESP blockade to improve analgesia and potentially change the paradigm of treatment in this fragile patient population. The technique should be considered in similar interventions. Further study will be undertaken to validate our observation.
- Differential Intraoperative Effect of Liver Transplant in Different Inborn Errors of Metabolism. [Journal Article]
- JPJ Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 2019 Apr 01
- Liver transplant (LT) is a therapeutic option for a growing number of inborn errors of metabolism (IEM), including some disorders not confined to the liver. Clinical advantages of LT in maple syrup u…
Liver transplant (LT) is a therapeutic option for a growing number of inborn errors of metabolism (IEM), including some disorders not confined to the liver. Clinical advantages of LT in maple syrup urine disease (MSUD), methylmalonic acidemia (MMA), and argininosuccinic aciduria (ASA) have been reported. However, no information on the early metabolic effect of LT after portal reperfusion is available in these disorders. Here we describe the intraoperative differential metabolic outcome of LT in MSUD, MMA, and ASA. In these IEM, LT promptly cleared toxic metabolites to safe concentrations. In MSUD, leucine concentration reached physiological concentration within 12 hours after portal reperfusion. In MMA and ASA, LT allowed faster clearance of methylmalonate and argininosuccinate, respectively, both dropping by ∼90% within the first hour after portal reperfusion. The early biochemical benefits of LT in MSUD, MMA, and ASA demonstrate its immediate effectiveness in protecting patients from intercurrent metabolic decompensations.
- Paroxysmal spasticity of lower extremities as the initial symptom in two siblings with maple syrup urine disease. [Journal Article]
- MMMol Med Rep 2019; 19(6):4872-4880
- Maple syrup urine disease (MSUD) is a rare autosomal recessive metabolic disorder caused by mutations in genes that encode subunits of the branched‑chain α‑ketoacid dehydrogenase (BCKD) complex. Impa…
Maple syrup urine disease (MSUD) is a rare autosomal recessive metabolic disorder caused by mutations in genes that encode subunits of the branched‑chain α‑ketoacid dehydrogenase (BCKD) complex. Impairment of the BCKD complex results in an abnormal accumulation of branched‑chain amino acids and their corresponding branched‑chain keto acids in the blood and cerebrospinal fluid, which are neurovirulent and may become life‑threatening. An 11‑day‑old boy was admitted to the hospital with paroxysmal spasticity of lower extremities. Of note, his 10‑year‑old sister presented similar symptoms during the neonatal period, and her condition was diagnosed as MSUD when she was 1.5 years old. Genetic screening was performed, and the boy and his sister exhibited two novel compound heterozygous mutations in the branched chain keto acid dehydrogenase E1 subunit β (BCKDHB) gene: A substitution from guanine to adenine in the coding region at position 1,076 (c.1,076G>A) in exon 10 and a deletion of a thymine at position 705 (c.705delT) in exon 6. The missense mutation c.1076G>A results in an amino acid substitution from arginine to lysine at position 359 (p.Arg359Lys), whereas the mutation c.705delT results in the replacement of a cysteine at position 235 with a stop codon (p.Cys235Ter). Neither of the BCKDHB alleles in the compound heterozygote patients is able to generate normal E1β subunits, resulting in a possible impairment of the activity of the BCKD complex. In the present study, it was hypothesized that the two novel heterozygous mutations in the BCKDHB gene found in the Chinese family may be responsible for the phenotype of the two siblings with MSUD.
New Search Next
- Short-term results of continuous venovenous haemodiafiltration versus peritoneal dialysis in 40 neonates with inborn errors of metabolism. [Journal Article]
- EJEur J Pediatr 2019; 178(6):829-836
- CONCLUSIONS: This study showed that CVVHDF is more efficient than PD to rapidly eliminate toxic metabolites caused by IEM in newborn infants, but not in improving survival. What is Known: •Toxic metabolites are eliminated more rapidly with CVVHDF than with PD. •Higher complication rates were reported with rigid peritoneal catheters in PD and catheter blockage in CVVHDF. What is New: •Prolonged duration of plasma ammonia levels above a safe limit (200 μg/dL) was associated with increased mortality. •Lower catheter-related complication rates may have been associated with the use of Tenckhoff catheters in PD and the use of right internal jugular vein in CVVHDF.