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7,367 results
  • Exposure to Meconium-Stained Amniotic Fluid and Long-Term Neurological-Related Hospitalizations throughout Childhood. [Journal Article]
    Am J Perinatol. 2020 Jul 03 [Online ahead of print]Matalon R, Wainstock T, … Sheiner E
  • CONCLUSIONS:  Fetal exposure to MSAF, at any gestational age, does not appear to be an independent risk factor for later neurological-related hospitalizations throughout childhood and adolescence.· MSAF is associated with several short-term complications such as low Apgar scores.. · The long-term implications of MSAF exposure are yet to be clearly defined.. · Fetal exposure to MSAF is not a risk factor for neurological morbidity throughout childhood..
  • Comparison of protease and aminopeptidase activities in meconium: A pilot study. [Journal Article]
    Biomed Rep. 2020 Aug; 13(2):7.Skarżyńska E, Wilczyńska P, … Lisowska-Myjak B
  • The successive accumulation of proteases and aminopeptidases in meconium are important physiological components of the intrauterine environment in which a fetus develops. The aim of the present study was to assess the changes in the activities of these enzymes in meconium of healthy infants, and to investigate whether there were any statistically significant associations between activity of the e…
  • Comparison of Meconium Microbiome in Dizygotic and Monozygotic Twins Born by Caesarean Section (CS). [Journal Article]
    Front Microbiol. 2020; 11:1139.Yang J, Yao S, … Zhao Y
  • The early-life microbiota triggers life-long effects on physiological functions and health disorders. Previous studies in adult twins or animal models have revealed associations between host genetics and the harmonious microbiota. However, such associations may be obscured by the fact that each intra-pair of twins will continually encounter various environmental factors as they grow up. Here, we …
  • Rio Birth Cohort Study on Environmental Exposure and Childhood Development - PIPA Project. [Journal Article]
    Ann Glob Health. 2020 Jun 11; 86(1):59.Asmus CIRF, Barbosa AP, … de Magalhães Câmara V
  • CONCLUSIONS: The study proposes a comprehensive assessment of pre- and postnatal exposure to environmental chemicals at multiple time points in a population living in a highly urbanized developing country. As far as we know, this is the only birth cohort in Brazil specifically designed for this purpose.
  • Practical oxygen therapy for newborn piglets. [Journal Article]
    N Z Vet J. 2020 Jun 18 [Online ahead of print]Soraci AL, Decundo JM, … Amanto FA
  • CONCLUSIONS: Oxygen therapy improves physiological and productive parameters in piglets born with signs of asphyxia or VLBW. The incorporation of this strategy as part of the farrowing routine enhances the advantages of rearing hyperprolific sows.
  • Influence from the type of birth on the content of lactic acid bacteria in neonate meconium. [Journal Article]
    Rev Peru Med Exp Salud Publica. 2020 Jan-Mar; 37(1):93-98.Paitán-Anticona E, Sotelo-Méndez A, … Sotelo AN
  • The study's objective was to determine the influence of vaginal birth compared to cesarean birth on the content of lactic acid bacteria with probiotic characteristics from newborns. Vaginal and cesarean sec tion meconium samples of lactic acid were evaluated, which were duly enriched, seeded and incubated. The resulting colonies were identified to be subjected to bile salt tolerance, acid pH, and…
  • Determinants of neonatal mortality at neonatal intensive care unit in Northeast Ethiopia: unmatched case-control study. [Journal Article]
    Trop Med Health. 2020; 48:40.Alemu AY, Belay GM, … Minuye B
  • CONCLUSIONS: Pregnancy-induced hypertension, prolonged rupture of membrane, low birth weight, respiratory distress syndrome, perinatal asphyxia, meconium aspiration syndrome, and infections were the major determinants of neonatal mortality. Therefore, special attention will be given to small and sick babies. Moreover, early anticipation of complications and management of mothers who had pregnancy-induced hypertension and prolonged rupture of the membrane would save neonates.
  • Long term clinical outcome of cystic fibrosis pediatric patients presenting with meconium ileus. [Journal Article]
    Acta Paediatr. 2020 Jun 08 [Online ahead of print]Loukou I, Moustaki M, … Douros K
  • Meconium ileus (MI) roughly affects 15% of cystic fibrosis (CF) patients. Although the mortality from MI has been eliminated there remain questions regarding its consequences in the prognosis of CF. Τhe aim of this study was to investigate whether CF patients presenting with MI at birth differ in respiratory function and z-score of body mass index (z-BMI), from CF patients diagnosed by other clin…
  • Point-of-care lung ultrasound in three neonates with COVID-19. [Journal Article]
    Eur J Pediatr. 2020 Jun 05 [Online ahead of print]Gregorio-Hernández R, Escobar-Izquierdo AB, … Martínez-Gimeno A
  • CONCLUSIONS: LU could be of value when managing COVID-19 neonates. We describe the findings of lung ultrasound monitoring during the first week following diagnosis in three neonates with SARS-CoV-2 infection.What is known:• Lung ultrasound (LU) is a useful tool in COVID-19 management in adults. To date, no report on LU and neonates with SARS-CoV-2 infection has been published.What is new:• This study adds evidence about LU findings in neonates with SARS-CoV-2 infection.
  • [Abdominal imaging in cystic fibrosis]. [Review]
    Radiologe. 2020 Jun 03 [Online ahead of print]Mentzel HJ, Renz DM
  • Abdominal complications are often the first indications for cystic fibrosis (CF), a multiorgan disease. A broad range of abdominal manifestations are associated with the disease, including gastrointestinal abnormalities (such as meconium ileus in newborns and distal intestinal obstruction syndrome in older children) and hepatobiliary alterations (e.g., cholelithiasis, microgallbladder, hepatostea…
  • StatPearls: Meconium Aspiration [BOOK]
    . StatPearls Publishing: Treasure Island (FL) Sayad Edouard E Baylor College of Medicine/ Texas Children's Hospital Silva-Carmona Manuel M Baylor College of Medicine and Texas Children's Hospital BOOK
  • Meconium is the earliest stool of a newborn. Occasionally, newborns pass meconium during labor or delivery, resulting in a meconium-stained amniotic fluid (MSAF). Meconium aspiration syndrome (MAS) is the neonatal respiratory distress that occurs in a newborn in the context of MASF when respiratory symptoms cannot be attributed to another etiology.[1] The spectrum of manifestations associated wit…
  • Neonatal screening programme for CF: Results from the Irish Comparative Outcomes Study (ICOS). [Journal Article]
    Pediatr Pulmonol. 2020 May 29 [Online ahead of print]Fitzgerald C, Linnane B, … Fitzpatrick P
  • The introduction of NBS in Ireland in July 2011, provided a unique opportunity to investigate clinical outcomes using a comparative historical cohort study. Clinical cohort: children clinically diagnosed with CF born 7 January 2008 to 30 June 2011, and NBS cohort: children diagnosed with CF through NBS born 7 January 2008 to 30 June 2011. Clinical data were collected from the CF Registry of Irela…
  • A rare case of intrauterine intussusception causing ileal atresia. [Journal Article]
    Med J Malaysia. 2020 May; 75(3):304-306.Carine Sun CY, Ashok K, Mughni B
  • Intrauterine intussusception is a rare but evident cause of intestinal atresia and is usually detected intraoperatively. We report on a term neonate who presented to the Department of Paediatric Surgery, Sabah Women and Children's Hospital, Malaysia with delayed passage of meconium and intestinal obstruction, wherein the lower contrast showed a claw sign. This was a good clue that this neonate ha…
  • The stepwise assembly of the neonatal virome is modulated by breastfeeding. [Journal Article]
    Nature. 2020 May; 581(7809):470-474.Liang G, Zhao C, … Bushman FD
  • The gut of healthy human neonates is usually devoid of viruses at birth, but quickly becomes colonized, which-in some cases-leads to gastrointestinal disorders1-4. Here we show that the assembly of the viral community in neonates takes place in distinct steps. Fluorescent staining of virus-like particles purified from infant meconium or early stool samples shows few or no particles, but by one mo…
  • Does in utero meconium passage in term stillbirth correlate with autopsy and placental findings of hypoxia or inflammation? [Journal Article]
    J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2020 May 27 [Online ahead of print]Jacques SM, Qureshi F
  • CONCLUSIONS: 51% of term SB had MSAF, and, in contrast to the CAF group, these were significantly more likely to be full/late term. Brain injury was frequent in both MSAF and CAF groups, supporting hypoxia as the mechanism of demise in most of these SB. No placental lesions correlated with MSAF, including inflammation. This suggests that hypoxia is the cause of the MSAF in these SB, but that some additional biologic factor present in the full/late term SB, but not present in the early term SB, including possibly gastrointestinal maturation, is necessary for the meconium passage.
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