- Incidence Of False Positive Transmissions During Remote Rhythm Monitoring With Implantable Loop Recorders. [Journal Article]
- HRHeart Rhythm 2019 Jul 16
- CONCLUSIONS: Incidence of FP during remote monitoring with nominal settings on this ILR was substantial, ranging from 46 to 86 % depending on indication for implantation. Adjudication of these transmissions required a considerable time commitment from electrophysiologists and device clinic personnel but would be required to avoid misdiagnosis and potential errors in clinical management.
- Increased expression of blood muscarinic receptors in patients with reflex syncope. [Journal Article]
- PlosPLoS One 2019; 14(7):e0219598
- CONCLUSIONS: M2 receptor overexpression has been detected in the blood of both, adults and children, exhibiting reflex syncope. As in our experimental model, i.e. rabbits with vagal overactivity, acetylcholinesterase overexpression was associated with M2 receptor overexpression. For the first time, biological abnormalities are identified in vagal syncope in which only clinical signs are, so far, taken into account for differential diagnosis and therapeutic management. Further work will be needed to validate potential biomarkers of risk or severity associated with the cholinergic system.
- Ganglionated Plexi Ablation to Treat Patients with Refractory Neurally Mediated Syncope and Severe Vagal-Induced Bradycardia. [Editorial]
- ABArq Bras Cardiol 2019 Jul 15; 112(6):709-712
- Detection of arrhythmias in adult congenital heart disease patients with LINQTM implantable loop recorder. [Journal Article]
- CHCongenit Heart Dis 2019 Jul 16
- CONCLUSIONS: ILRs are a useful adjunct for arrhythmia monitoring in the ACHD population with clinically relevant events in 41% of patients. A special consideration for ILRs could be made for high-risk asymptomatic patients.
- Symptomatic central nervous system tuberculoma, a case report in the United States and literature review. [Case Reports]
- IIDCases 2019; 17:e00582
- Intracranial tuberculoma is one of the rare central nervous system manifestations of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB), seen in only 1% of tuberculosis patients. It can manifest as single or multiple …
Intracranial tuberculoma is one of the rare central nervous system manifestations of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB), seen in only 1% of tuberculosis patients. It can manifest as single or multiple lesions, most commonly located in the frontal and parietal lobes. Clinical features are similar to any space-occupying lesion in the brain and can present in the absence of MTB symptoms in other parts of the body. In this article, a 69-year-old immunocompetent man, with history of treated latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) was reported. He presented with multiple joint arthralgias, weight loss, odd behavior, forgetfulness, intermittent fevers and syncope. Brain imaging revealed numerous enhancing intra-parenchymal lesions in cerebral and cerebellar hemispheres. Patient was successfully treated with anti-tuberculosis medications and corticosteroids, with clinical improvement on future follow ups. High clinical suspicion for tuberculoma as a differential diagnosis of any brain lesion, even in immunocompetent patients in low MTB prevalence countries, can result in early diagnosis and successful clinical outcomes.
- Usefulness of the intravenous flecainide challenge test before oral flecainide treatment in a patient with Andersen-Tawil syndrome. [Journal Article]
- BCBMJ Case Rep 2019 Jul 15; 12(7)
- Andersen-Tawil syndrome (ATS) is an inherited disorder characterised by the triad of ventricular arrhythmias (VAs), periodic paralysis and dysmorphic features. A 31-year-old woman diagnosed with ATS …
Andersen-Tawil syndrome (ATS) is an inherited disorder characterised by the triad of ventricular arrhythmias (VAs), periodic paralysis and dysmorphic features. A 31-year-old woman diagnosed with ATS caused by a KCNJ2 mutation (p.R228ins) was urgently admitted to our hospital following an episode of syncope during exercise. Electrocardiography revealed frequent premature ventricular complexes and non-sustained ventricular tachycardias (VTs) with pleomorphic QRS patterns. During the intravenous flecainide test (30 mg), the frequent VAs were inhibited completely. After oral flecainide (100 mg) was started, VAs, except for a brief bigeminy, were suppressed during the exercise test. On 24-hour Holter recordings, the VAs decreased from 50 133 to 13 363 beats/day (-73%). Sustained VT and syncope were not observed during a 3-year follow-up period. Intravenous flecainide challenge test may be useful in predicting the efficacy of oral flecainide treatment for patients with ATS.
- A challenging diagnosis of exercise-related transient abdominal pain. [Journal Article]
- JSJ Sports Med Phys Fitness 2019 Jul 15
- A 17-year-old woman, high-performance triathlete, presented transient abdominal pain, face angioedema and sometimes syncope during exercise. Exercise-induced anaphylaxis was suspected at first. Aller…
A 17-year-old woman, high-performance triathlete, presented transient abdominal pain, face angioedema and sometimes syncope during exercise. Exercise-induced anaphylaxis was suspected at first. Allergic explorations with skin prick tests were negative but wheat flour specific IgE and recombinant rTri a14 (LTP) were weakly positive. However, wheat eviction did not improve the symptoms and stress test after wheat oral challenge did not show any signs of anaphylaxis. An abdominal ultrasound revealed peak expiratory velocities with a stenosis evaluated at 70 to 80 percent with turbulences in the celiac artery, confirmed by computed tomography angiogram. The diagnosis of exercise-induced median arcuate ligament syndrome (MALS) was retained and we discuss here the challenging diagnosis mimicking exercise- induced anaphylaxis.
- Rapidly Progressive Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma of Right Atrium: a Rare Case Report. [Case Reports]
- BJBraz J Cardiovasc Surg 2019 Jun 01; 34(3):372-376
- We are going to present a case of malignant fibrous histiocytoma in the right atrium, which is a very rare entity. The patient had a right atrial mass, which prolapsed through the tricuspid valve int…
We are going to present a case of malignant fibrous histiocytoma in the right atrium, which is a very rare entity. The patient had a right atrial mass, which prolapsed through the tricuspid valve into the right ventricle, causing functional tricuspid valve stenosis. The tumor was completely resected and the patient had an uneventful postoperative period. Histopathological examination reported malignant fibrous histiocytoma. The patient presented to the emergency department five weeks after discharge with dyspnea and palpitation. Echocardiography and magnetic resonance imaging revealed recurrent right atrial tumor mass. His clinical status has worsened, with syncope and acute renal failure. On the repeated echocardiography, suspected tumor recurrence was observed in left atrium, which probably caused systemic embolization. Considering the aggressive nature of the tumor and systemic involvement, our Heart Council decided to provide palliative treatment by nonsurgical management. His status deteriorated for the next few days and the patient succumbed to a cardiac arrest on the 4th day.
- Cardiomyopathy and pregnancy. [Review]
- HHeart 2019 Jul 15
- Cardiomyopathy is a group of disorders in which the heart muscle is structurally and functionally abnormal in the absence of other diseases that could cause observed myocardial abnormality. The most …
Cardiomyopathy is a group of disorders in which the heart muscle is structurally and functionally abnormal in the absence of other diseases that could cause observed myocardial abnormality. The most common cardiomyopathies are hypertrophic and dilated cardiomyopathy. Rare types are arrhythmogenic right ventricular, restrictive, Takotsubo and left ventricular non-compaction cardiomyopathies. This review of cardiomyopathies in pregnancy shows that peripartum cardiomyopathy is the most common cardiomyopathy in pregnancy. Peripartum cardiomyopathy develops most frequently in the month before or after partum, whereas dilated cardiomyopathy often is known already or develops in the second trimester. Mortality in peripartum cardiomyopathy varies from <2% to 50%. Few reports on dilated cardiomyopathy and pregnancy exist, with only a limited number of patients. Ventricular arrhythmias, heart failure, stroke and death are found in 39%-60% of high-risk patients. However, patients with modest left ventricular dysfunction and good functional class tolerated pregnancy well. Previous studies on >700 pregnancies in 500 women with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy showed that prognosis was generally good, even though three deaths were reported in high-risk patients. Complications include different types of supraventricular and ventricular arrhythmias, heart failure and ischaemic stroke. Recent studies on 200 pregnancies in 100 women with arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy have reported symptoms, including heart failure in 18%-33% of pregnancies. Ventricular tachycardia was found in 0%-33% of patients and syncope in one patient. Information on rare cardiomyopathies is sparse and only presented in case reports. Close monitoring by multidisciplinary teams in referral centres that counsel patients before conception and follow them throughout gestation is recommended.
New Search Next
- Clinical neurophysiology of postural tachycardia syndrome. [Journal Article]
- HCHandb Clin Neurol 2019; 161:429-445
- Postural tachycardia syndrome (POTS) is one of several disorders of orthostatic intolerance (OI). It is defined by the development of symptoms of cerebral hypoperfusion or sympathetic activation and …
Postural tachycardia syndrome (POTS) is one of several disorders of orthostatic intolerance (OI). It is defined by the development of symptoms of cerebral hypoperfusion or sympathetic activation and a sustained heart rate increment of 30 beats/min or more (40 beats/min for teenagers) within 10min of standing or head-up tilt in the absence of orthostatic hypotension; the standing heart rate is often 120 beats/min or higher. POTS is approximately five times more common in women than men. This heterogeneous syndrome is caused by several pathophysiologic mechanisms (limited autonomic neuropathy, hyperadrenergic state, hypovolemia, venous pooling, deconditioning), which are not mutually exclusive. Anxiety and somatic hypervigilance play significant roles in POTS. Common comorbidities include visceral pain and dysmotility, chronic fatigue and fibromyalgia, migraine, joint hypermobility, mitral valve prolapse, and inappropriate sinus tachycardia. Patients with suspected POTS should undergo comprehensive cardiac and neurologic examinations and autonomic and laboratory tests to determine the most likely pathophysiologic basis of OI. The objectives of POTS management are to (1) increase the time that patients can stand, perform daily activities, and exercise and (2) avoid syncope. Management involves nonpharmacologic (fluid and salt loading, physical countermaneuvers, compression garments, exercise training) and pharmacologic (β-blockers, pyridostigmine, fludrocortisone, midodrine) approaches.