- Responses of soil mite communities (Acari: Oribatida, Mesostigmata) to elemental composition of mosses and pine needles and long-term air pollution in Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) stands. [Journal Article]
- STSci Total Environ 2019 Jul 10; 691:284-295
- Air pollution is an important threat to biodiversity via deposition of high amounts of heavy metals or nutrients (macroelements). In forest ecosystems contamination can be found in plant tissues and …
Air pollution is an important threat to biodiversity via deposition of high amounts of heavy metals or nutrients (macroelements). In forest ecosystems contamination can be found in plant tissues and the soil environment including soil mesofauna. However, there is little information on how it influences soil mesofauna. Hence, the aim of the study was to evaluate the reaction of soil mites (Acari: Oribatida, Mesostigmata) to long-term air pollution in mature pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) forests in southwestern Poland. The study was conducted in late autumn between October 2008 and 2010 in eight 5000 m2 plots, each within a Scots pine stand. Concentrations of macroelements (C, N, S, Ca, Mg) and heavy metals (Cu, Cr, Cd, Ni, Pb, Zn) were measured in 40 samples of pine needles and 36 bryophyte samples. In total, 360 soil samples were collected for the soil mesofauna analysis. Results of the study include correlations between the sample plot, the year and the soil mite abundance. Among the macroelements analyzed, calcium affected the abundance of mite species the most. Soil mite communities from different forests were dominated by the same species, despite the fact that we found in total 150 mite species, among which there were 106 species of oribatid mites and 44 species of mesostigmatid mites. It seems that, among the elements analyzed, calcium plays the most important, positive role for mite communities. Magnesium had a positive effect on abundance of both mite groups, while nitrogen had a negative effect on diversity of oribatid and mesostigmatid mite communities. Our study indicated that oribatid and mesostigmatid mite communities are stable in areas of long-term contamination, as we did not observe distinct changes in structure and diversity of soil mite assemblages along the pollution gradient.
- The efficacy and safety of two commercial house dust mite extracts for allergic rhinitis: a head-to-head study. [Journal Article]
- IFInt Forum Allergy Rhinol 2019 Jul 19
- CONCLUSIONS: Our study confirmed the equal efficacy and safety profile of both commercial extracts in HDM-associated AR patients.
- A Mini-review of the Genomes and Allergens of Mites and Ticks. [Journal Article]
- CPCurr Protein Pept Sci 2019 Jul 19
- Mites and ticks are associated with many human diseases including allergic diseases and scabies. With the recent advances in the high throughput DNA sequencing technology, many mitochondrial nuclear …
Mites and ticks are associated with many human diseases including allergic diseases and scabies. With the recent advances in the high throughput DNA sequencing technology, many mitochondrial nuclear genomes of these species have been sequenced and the resulting genomic resources will certainly provide novel insights for the future investigation of the functionally important proteins and peptides in these species. In this mini-review, the current situation of mite and tick genomes were described and the future perspectives for the application of the genomic resources are discussed, in particular the identification and structural analysis of allergens.
- PAG1 limits allergen-induced type 2 inflammation in the murine lung. [Journal Article]
- AAllergy 2019 Jul 18
- CONCLUSIONS: PAG1-deficiency increased airway epithelial activation, ILC2 expansion and TH 2 differentiation. As a consequence, PAG1-deficiency predisposed towards allergic sensitization and increased the severity of experimental asthma. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
- Prospective comparison of a nonmodified and a modified mite extract for immunotherapy in children and adolescents. [Journal Article]
- IImmunotherapy 2019 Jul 19
- CONCLUSIONS: After 1 year of AIT, the extracts were equally efficient, with significant improvements in 70.0% (nonmodified) and 72.2% (modified) of patients.
- Effects of single and repeated drought on soil microarthropods in a semi-arid ecosystem depend more on timing and duration than drought severity. [Journal Article]
- PlosPLoS One 2019; 14(7):e0219975
- Soil moisture is one of the most important factors affecting soil biota. In arid and semi-arid ecosystems, soil mesofauna is adapted to temporary drought events, but, until now, we have had a limited…
Soil moisture is one of the most important factors affecting soil biota. In arid and semi-arid ecosystems, soil mesofauna is adapted to temporary drought events, but, until now, we have had a limited understanding of the impacts of the different magnitudes and frequencies of drought predicted to occur according to future climate change scenarios. The present study focuses on how springtails and mites respond to simulated repeated drought events of different magnitudes in a field experiment in a Hungarian semi-arid sand steppe. Changes in soil arthropod activities were monitored with soil trapping over two years in a sandy soil. In the first year (2014), we applied an extreme drought pretreatment, and in the consecutive year, we applied less devastating treatments (severe drought, moderate drought, water addition) to these sites. In the first year, the extreme drought pretreatment tended to have a negative effect (either significantly or not significantly) on the capture of all Collembola groups, whereas all mite groups increased in activity density. However, in the consecutive year, between the extreme drought and control treatments, we only detected differences in soil microbial biomass. In the cases of severe drought, moderate drought and water addition, we did not find considerable changes across the microarthropods, except in the case of epedaphic Collembola. In the cases of the water addition and drought treatments, the duration and timing of the manipulation seemed to be more important for soil mesofauna than their severity (i.e., the level of soil moisture decrease). We suggest that in these extreme habitats, soil mesofauna are able to survive extreme conditions, and their populations recover rapidly, but they may not be able to cope with very long drought periods.
- Selection for barriers between honey bees and a devastating parasite. [Journal Article]
- MEMol Ecol 2019; 28(12):2955-2957
- Rivaling pesticides and a dearth of flowers, the parasitic mite Varroa destructor presents a tremendous threat to western honey bees, Apis mellifera. A longstanding, but minor, pest for the Asian hon…
Rivaling pesticides and a dearth of flowers, the parasitic mite Varroa destructor presents a tremendous threat to western honey bees, Apis mellifera. A longstanding, but minor, pest for the Asian honey bee Apis cerana, these obligate bee parasites feast on developing and adult A. mellifera across several continents. Varroa reproduction is limited to a short window when developing bee pupae are concealed in wax cells. Mated females target developing bees just before pupation and then have about one day to initiate reproduction, eventually laying one male and up to several female offspring. Female mites often fail to reproduce at all, instead waiting in cells until their bee host finishes development and then hitching dangerous rides on a succession of adult bees for up to several weeks, before scouting for a new host pupa. In this issue of Molecular Ecology, Conlon et al. (2019) have explored mite reproductive success via a clever and thought-provoking association study. In so doing, they have identified a protein whose actions could be integral to the dance between bees and their mite parasites.
- Productivity of Neoseiulus bicaudus (Acari: Phytoseiidae) Reared on Natural Prey, Alternative Prey, and Artificial Diet. [Journal Article]
- JEJ Econ Entomol 2019 Jul 17
- The predatory mite, Neoseiulus bicaudus (Wainstein), is a potential biological control agent against spider mites and thrips. The objective of this experiment was to compare the effects of three diet…
The predatory mite, Neoseiulus bicaudus (Wainstein), is a potential biological control agent against spider mites and thrips. The objective of this experiment was to compare the effects of three diets on the life table of N. bicaudus. The three diets were 1) Tetranychus turkestani (Ugarov & Nikolskii) (Acari: Tetranychidae), the natural prey of N. bicaudus; 2) Tyrophagus putrescentiae (Schrank) (Acari: Acaridae), an alternative prey; and 3) artificial diet primarily consisting of decapsulated shrimp cysts, egg yolk, and honey. The computer simulation was used to project the population growth of N. bicaudus fed on different diets. The preadult developmental time (3.83 d) of N. bicaudus was shortest, and the intrinsic rate of increase (r = 0.2782 d-1) and the net reproductive rate (R0 = 18.98 offspring) were highest when reared on the alternative prey Ty. putrescentiae. The total development time (7.37 d) was longest, and the population parameters were the lowest (r = -0.0081 d-1, R0 = 0.85 offspring) when N. bicaudus was reared on artificial diet. The population projection showed that the population of N. bicaudus reared on Ty. putrescentiae could increase fast. Our results showed that the Ty. putrescentiae was the most suitable prey for mass rearing of N. bicaudus. The artificial diet could not support the N. bicaudus population and needs to be improved.
- Under pressure: force resistance measurements in box mites (Actinotrichida, Oribatida). [Journal Article]
- FZFront Zool 2019; 16:24
- CONCLUSIONS: We showed the feasibility of the force resistance measurement method, and our results were consistent with the hypothesis that Phthiracaroidea compensated its lack of chemical secretions by a heavier mechanical resistance based on a different body form and associated build-up of hemolymph pressure (defensive trade-off).
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- Towards a biased mindset: An extended Theory of Planned Behaviour framework to predict farmers' intention to adopt a sustainable mange control approach. [Journal Article]
- PVPrev Vet Med 2019 Aug 01; 169:104695
- Resistance against macrocyclic lactones is emerging in Psoroptes ovis mites, the cause of psoroptic mange in sheep and cattle. Therefore, sustainable mange control approaches should be implemented to…
Resistance against macrocyclic lactones is emerging in Psoroptes ovis mites, the cause of psoroptic mange in sheep and cattle. Therefore, sustainable mange control approaches should be implemented to prevent or slow down resistance. To ensure a proper implementation of such approaches, it is crucial to understand the factors that may impede or facilitate adoption of these practices among farmers. A conceptual model that combines insights from the Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB, Ajzen, 1991) - a theory that predicts human behaviour -, with insights from behavioural economics (Camerer, 2004; Samson, 2016) - a theory that assumes that behavioural biases or reasoning errors are pervasive in decision-making -, was developed to predict farmers' adoption intention. In particular, this paper examines how behavioural economics can influence farmers' beliefs related to sustainable mange control and through which pathways these biased beliefs can predict adoption intention. A cross-sectional survey study amongst 174 Belgian Blue cattle farmers has been conducted and Structural Equation Modelling was used for analyses. In particular, the model shows that farmers' positive attitudes towards a sustainable mange control method (attitude) and their perceptions of how others evaluate the sustainable control methods (subjective norms) more strongly predict adoption intention than perceived behavioural control. Additionally, the model shows that adoption intention is explained by the bandwagon bias -the belief that other farmers have a positive opinion about the control method-, and availability bias - farmers who have the belief that mange occurs often on their farm - through the determinants of TPB. Although this bandwagon bias influences farmers adoption intention, the rather low presence of availability bias might explain why adoption intention of a sustainable mange control method is limited. Next, retaining to the default treatment (default bias) influences farmers' belief that they are capable of implementing control methods on their farm (perceived behavioural control), while the belief that implementing a control method is perceived as a cost for their farm rather than being beneficial (loss aversion bias) negatively influences attitude and perceived behavioural control. We further discuss important implications that can incite farmers' adoption intention.