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(muscle dysmorphia)
183 results
  • Eating Disorders in Male Athletes. [Journal Article]
    Sports Health. 2020 Jun 11 [Online ahead of print]Eichstadt M, Luzier J, … Weisenmuller C
  • CONCLUSIONS: Professionals working closely with athletes are uniquely positioned to identify and screen those who may require further evaluation and treatment.
  • An instrument for the evaluation of muscle dysmorphia: The Italian validation of the adonis complex questionnaire. [Journal Article]
    Brain Behav. 2020 May 29 [Online ahead of print]Riccobono G, Pompili A, … Pacitti F
  • CONCLUSIONS: The present study confirms the validity and the reliability of the Italian two-factor version of the ACQ and highlights the general tendency, among Italian males, to have concerns about their own physical appearance with recurring thoughts and eating behaviors finalized to improve it. Our study represents an advance in the use of adequate and reliable instruments to assess concerns about physical appearance in the Italian male population.
  • Acute Psychological Effects of Resistance Exercise in Men With Symptoms of Muscle Dysmorphia: A Pilot Study. [Journal Article]
    J Strength Cond Res. 2020 Apr 23 [Online ahead of print]SantaBarbara NJ, Nosrat S, … Ciccolo JT
  • SantaBarbara, NJ, Nosrat, S, Whitworth, JW, Ciccolo, JT. acute psychological effects of resistance exercise in men with symptoms of muscle dysmorphia: A pilot study. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2020-This study tested the acute psychological effects of resistance exercise in men with symptoms of muscle dysmorphia. Twenty-one men completed 4 on-site sessions including a single session of mo…
  • StatPearls: Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD, Dysmorphobia, Dysmorphic Syndrome) [BOOK]
    . StatPearls Publishing: Treasure Island (FL) Nicewicz Holly R. HR Univeristy Hospital and Medical Center Boutrouille Jacqueline F. JF NOVA university BOOK
  • Body dysmorphic disorder, or BDD, formally known as dysmorphophobia, is a psychiatric condition defined in the DSM 5 as a preoccupation with a perceived defect or flaw in one’s physical appearance that is either not noticeable or only slightly observable by others. The preoccupation is severe enough to cause marked impairment in social, academic, occupational, or other areas of functioning. In or…
  • Looking at the Figures: Visual Adaptation as a Mechanism for Body-Size and -Shape Misperception. [Journal Article]
    Perspect Psychol Sci. 2020 01; 15(1):133-149.Brooks KR, Mond J, … Stephen ID
  • Many individuals experience body-size and -shape misperception (BSSM). Body-size overestimation is associated with body dissatisfaction, anxiety, depression, and the development of eating disorders in individuals who desire to be thinner. Similar symptoms have been noted for those who underestimate their muscularity. Conversely, individuals with high body mass indices (BMI) who underestimate thei…
  • Examination of Actual and Ideal Body-Related Characteristics and Body-Related Pride in Adult Males. [Journal Article]
    Am J Mens Health. 2019 10; 13(5):1557988319874642.Mackowiak R, Lucibello KM, … Sabiston CM
  • Body image concerns are becoming more prevalent in males. Discrepancies between actual and ideal body muscularity and thinness have been studied from a pathological perspective whereby perceiving the body as discrepant from an internalized ideal is associated with body dissatisfaction, negative emotions, and harmful body-altering behaviors. It is unclear if agreement among actual and ideal self-p…
  • Kidney disease associated with androgenic-anabolic steroids and vitamin supplements abuse: Be aware! [Review]
    Nefrologia. 2020 Jan - Feb; 40(1):26-31.Parente Filho SLA, Gomes PEAC, … Daher EF
  • The excessive chase for beauty standards and the rise of muscle dysmorphia have ultimately led to an increase in androgenic-anabolic steroids (AAS) and intramuscular injections of vitamins A, D and E (ADE) abuse, which is associated with several adverse effects and has become a public health issue. This review of literature discusses kidney injury associated with the use of AAS and ADE, highlight…
  • Traits of orthorexia nervosa and muscle dysmorphia in Italian university students: a multicentre study. [Journal Article]
    Eat Weight Disord. 2019 Sep 17 [Online ahead of print]Gorrasi ISR, Bonetta S, … Carraro E
  • CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of ON and MD traits was found similar to that reported in the literature on undergraduates. Some associations observed improvement in the knowledge about these conditions, especially the association of participants with ON and MD traits with dieting and EDs traits and the correlation of the three test scores suggests a connection among these potential conditions.
  • Eating Disorders in Males. [Review]
    Child Adolesc Psychiatr Clin N Am. 2019 10; 28(4):641-651.Gorrell S, Murray SB
  • Eating disorders are serious psychiatric disorders, associated with significant psychiatric and medical consequences. Although traditionally considered a female disorder, more recent evidence has determined that EDs among males are not uncommon and are equally severe in symptom presentation. Among youth and adolescent males, certain factors increase the risk for ED, including muscularity-focused …
  • Competitive Bodybuilding: Fitness, Pathology, or Both? [Review]
    Harv Rev Psychiatry. 2019 Jul/Aug; 27(4):233-240.Steele IH, Pope HG, Kanayama G
  • The sport of competitive bodybuilding requires an intense regimen of weightlifting and dieting, often aided with muscle-building or fat-burning drugs, and culminating in an on-stage posing competition. Despite these rigorous demands, competitive bodybuilding is popular, with thousands of competitions performed annually around the world. Although many studies have addressed the psychological featu…
  • Direct comparisons of anorexia nervosa and body dysmorphic disorder: A systematic review. [Journal Article]
    Psychiatry Res. 2019 04; 274:129-137.Phillipou A, Castle DJ, Rossell SL
  • Anorexia nervosa (AN) and body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) are serious psychiatric conditions, both of which are associated with a disturbance of body image. The aim of this paper was to review those studies that have directly compared groups of individuals with AN and BDD, to determine similarities and differences in presentation between the two conditions. The literature was searched to September…
  • Body-oriented gaze behaviors in men with muscle dysmorphia diagnoses. [Journal Article]
    J Abnorm Psychol. 2019 Feb; 128(2):140-150.Waldorf M, Vocks S, … Cordes M
  • Although muscle dysmorphia (MD) has been added as a specifier for body dysmorphic disorder in the 5th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, experimental research on psychopathological mechanisms is lacking. Because models of eating disorders (EDs) suggest parallels between MD and ED, body-oriented attentional biases, which are prominent in ED models, have been iden…
  • Hearing vs. engaging in negative body talk: an examination of adult men. [Journal Article]
    Eat Disord. 2019 Nov-Dec; 27(6):538-549.Lin L, Flynn M, Roberge A
  • This study examined the negative body talk both engaged in and heard by adult men as separate constructs and how both constructs are related to men's body dissatisfaction and muscle dysmorphia. Data were collected from 260 adult men on negative body talk both engaged in and heard, body fat dissatisfaction, muscle dissatisfaction, and muscle dysmorphia. Results indicated that the muscle talk that …
  • Asessing the male body image: Spanish validation of two instruments. [Journal Article]
    Psychiatry Res. 2019 02; 272:483-490.Sepúlveda AR, Rica R, … Compte EJ
  • Despite the literature suggesting that body dissatisfaction is increasing among males, only few measures on specific body image concerns in men have been validated in Spanish male populations. The aim of this study was to reassess the factor structure of the Spanish versions of the Muscle Dysmorphic Disorder Inventory (MMDI) and the Adonis Complex Questionnaire (ACQ). A cross-sectional study was …
  • Psychosocial factors underlying symptoms of muscle dysmorphia in a non-clinical sample of men. [Journal Article]
    Psychiatry Res. 2019 02; 272:319-325.Bégin C, Turcotte O, Rodrigue C
  • Muscle dysmorphia is primarily characterized by an excessive preoccupation that one's body is not muscular or lean enough. Muscle dysmorphia has shown clinical similarities with eating disorders. The present study aims to explore the psychosocial factors underlying muscle dysmorphia symptoms by referring to Stice's dual pathway model (1994), a theoretical model of eating disorders. Three hundred …
  • Muscle Dysmorphic Disorder Inventory (MDDI): Validation of a German version with a focus on gender. [Journal Article]
    PLoS One. 2018; 13(11):e0207535.Zeeck A, Welter V, … Hartmann A
  • Muscle dysmorphia (MD) is a condition that is characterized by body image disturbance, a drive for muscularity and excessive exercising. It leads to considerable functional impairment. Most previous studies focused on male samples. The study aimed to validate a German version of the Muscle Dysmorphic Disorder Inventory (MDDI) in order to make the instrument available in German speaking countries.…
  • Muscle Dysmorphia and its Associated Psychological Features in Three Groups of Recreational Athletes. [Journal Article]
    Sci Rep. 2018 06 11; 8(1):8877.Cerea S, Bottesi G, … Ghisi M
  • Muscle Dysmorphia (MD) is a psychological disorder characterized by the preoccupation with the idea that one's body is not lean and muscular. The current study aimed to explore MD behaviours and symptoms in three groups of recreational athletes: bodybuilders (BB; n = 42), strength athletes (SA; n = 61), and fitness practitioners (FP; n = 22). Furthermore, we assessed MD-related psychological feat…
  • Parkinson's disease with hypocalcaemia: adult presentation of 22q11.2 deletion syndrome. [Case Reports]
    BMJ Case Rep. 2018 Mar 22; 2018Moreira F, Brás A, … Januário C
  • A growing amount of evidence indicates that 22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q11.2DS) increases the risk of early-onset Parkinson's disease (EOPD). Here, we describe a 36-year-old patient with EOPD. The patient presented with 22q11.2DS features, including associated cognitive disabilities, hypocalcaemia and facial dysmorphia that led us to screen for and confirm this deletion. In addition, hypocalcae…
  • Psychosocial correlates of gap time to anabolic-androgenic steroid use. [Journal Article]
    Int J Eat Disord. 2018 06; 51(6):535-541.Klimek P, Hildebrandt T
  • Theoretically, legal supplement use precedes and increases the risk for illicit appearance and performance enhancing drug (APED) use-also referred to as the gateway hypothesis. Little is known about associations between the speed of progression, or gap time, from legal to illicit APED use, and psychological risk factors, such as sociocultural influence, eating disorders, body image disturbance, a…
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