- Prednisolone Pretreatment Enhances Intermittent Hypoxia-Induced Plasticity in Persons With Chronic Incomplete Spinal Cord Injury. [Journal Article]Neurorehabil Neural Repair 2019; 33(11):911-921NN
- CONCLUSIONS: Pretreatment with prednisolone increased the capacity for AIH-induced functional motor plasticity, suggesting that suppression of inflammation enhances the efficacy of AIH administration in individuals with spinal cord injury. Clinical trial registration number: NCT03752749.
- Evaluation of Nasal Tip Support in Septorhinoplasty. [Journal Article]Aesthetic Plast Surg 2019; 43(4):1021-1027AP
- CONCLUSIONS: A novel and reproducible technique for digitally evaluating manual force is presented for determining changes in nasal tip support with different maneuvers applied in living patients undergoing rhinoplasty. No significant difference was noted between the preoperative and postoperative measurements for columellar strut grafting. The tongue-in-groove technique is an important maneuver that has a significant effect on nasal tip support. According to our data, the interdomal and intercrural ligaments, the medial crus-septum connections and the connections between alar cartilage and overlying skin and muscle tissue are important structures for tip support.
- Exploring wearable sensors as an alternative to marker-based motion capture in the pitching delivery. [Journal Article]PeerJ 2019; 7:e6365P
- CONCLUSIONS: This study attempts to validate the use of the MotusBASEBALL for future studies that look at the arm slot, shoulder rotation, arm speed, and stress measurements from the MotusBASEBALL sensor. Excepting elbow extension velocity, all metrics from the MotusBASEBALL unit showed significant correlations to their corresponding metrics from motion capture and while some magnitudes differ substantially and therefore fall short in validity, the link between the metrics is strong enough to indicate reliable casual use. Further research should be done to further investigate the validity and reliability of the arm speed metric.
- Cognitive Functioning in Older People. Results of the First Wave of Cognition of Older People, Education, Recreational Activities, Nutrition, Comorbidities, Functional Capacity Studies (COPERNICUS). [Journal Article]Front Aging Neurosci 2018; 10:421FA
- CONCLUSIONS: Education, OS, presence of systemic diseases and social and tourist activities, aerobic capacity and body composition could be considered as factors contributing to cognitive functioning in older people. However, the relationship of above mentioned factors with education level and cognitive function may be not fully orthogonal.
- Artificial Intervertebral Disc Replacement to Provide Dynamic Stability to the Lumbar Spine: A Finite Element Study. [Journal Article]J Long Term Eff Med Implants 2018; 28(2):101-109JL
- Currently, intervertebral disc prostheses that are designed to restore mobility to a vertebral segment are possible for the lumbar spine. The ball-and-socket joint is a constrained design, wherein the rotational axis of the intervertebral joint is forced to pass through the center of the spherical surfaces that form the joint. One advantage of ball-and-socket joints versus unconstrained designs i…
Currently, intervertebral disc prostheses that are designed to restore mobility to a vertebral segment are possible for the lumbar spine. The ball-and-socket joint is a constrained design, wherein the rotational axis of the intervertebral joint is forced to pass through the center of the spherical surfaces that form the joint. One advantage of ball-and-socket joints versus unconstrained designs includes better shear stability, which results in sufficient flexibility. In this study, finite element analyses were performed in preimplanted and implanted (intervertebral disc replacement [IDR]) lumbar spine (L1-S) models to examine range of motion (ROM) and the resulting mechanical responses in the implant and the adjacent bones. Four physiological loading conditions including flexion, extension, and left and right lateral bending were analyzed to observe the effect on ROM under a 10-Newton meter moment. In terms of mechanical response, this study shows that disc replacement is an viable alternative to fusion surgery. The added advantage of IDR over fusion for degenerative discs is the reduced chance of disc degeneration at the adjacent segment of spinal vertebral column; with fusion surgery, chances of degeneration are increased.
- Evaluation of the effects of initial water temperature and curing time on fiberglass cast strength. [Journal Article]Vet Surg 2018; 47(6):809-816VS
- CONCLUSIONS: Fiberglass casts continued to gain strength for at least 24 hours. Use of warm water increased the rate of curing, resulting in stronger constructs at earlier time points.Use of warm water is recommended to initiate fiberglass cast curing, especially if the casted limb will be loaded soon after cast application.
- Quantifying the Stiffness of Achilles Tendon: Intra- and Inter-Operator Reliability and the Effect of Ankle Joint Motion. [Journal Article]Med Sci Monit 2018; 24:4876-4881MS
- CONCLUSIONS: Our findings indicated that the MyotonPRO device is a feasible method to quantify the stiffness of the Achilles tendon and monitor its changes. Thus, it is an essential tool to use to examine the modulation in the stiffness of the Achilles tendon due to pathology or interventions for future studies.
- Normative Quadriceps and Hamstring Muscle Strength Values for Female, Healthy, Elite Handball and Football Players. [Journal Article]J Strength Cond Res 2018; 32(8):2314-2323JS
- Risberg, MA, Steffen, K, Nilstad, A, Myklebust, G, Kristianslund, E, Moltubakk, MM, and Krosshaug, T. Normative quadriceps and hamstring muscle strength values for female, healthy, elite handball and football players. J Strength Cond Res 32(8): 2314-2323, 2018-This study presents normative values for isokinetic knee extension and flexion muscle strength tests in 350 elite, female, handball (n = 1…
Risberg, MA, Steffen, K, Nilstad, A, Myklebust, G, Kristianslund, E, Moltubakk, MM, and Krosshaug, T. Normative quadriceps and hamstring muscle strength values for female, healthy, elite handball and football players. J Strength Cond Res 32(8): 2314-2323, 2018-This study presents normative values for isokinetic knee extension and flexion muscle strength tests in 350 elite, female, handball (n = 150) and football (n = 200) players. Isokinetic concentric muscle strength tests at 60°·sec were recorded bilaterally using a dynamometer. Peak torque (in Newton meter [N·m]), body mass normalized peak torque (N·m·kg), and hamstring to quadriceps ratio (H:Q ratio) for dominant and nondominant legs were recorded. The female elite players were 20.9 ± 4.0 years, started playing at the elite level at the age of 18.2 ± 2.7 years, with a mean of 9.7 ± 2.2 hours of weekly in-season training. Handball players demonstrated greater quadriceps muscle strength compared with football players (11.0%) (p < 0.001), also when normalized to body mass (4.1%) (p = 0.012), but not for weight-adjusted hamstring muscle strength. The H:Q ratio was higher on the dominant compared with the nondominant leg for handball players only (p = 0.012).The H:Q ratio was significantly lower for handball players (0.58) compared with football players (0.60) (p < 0.02). These normative values for isokinetic knee extension and flexion torques of healthy, elite, female handball and football players can be used to set rehabilitation goals for muscle strength after injury and enable comparison with uninjured legs. Significantly greater quadriceps muscle strength was found for handball players compared with football players, also when normalized to body mass.
- Activity Behaviors and Physiological Characteristics of Women With Advanced-Stage Ovarian Cancer: A Preliminary Cross-sectional Investigation. [Journal Article]Int J Gynecol Cancer 2018; 28(3):604-613IJ
- CONCLUSIONS: Posttreatment OC survivors spent more time in prolonged sedentary bouts and had lower cardiorespiratory fitness and upper body strength compared with controls. Moderate and vigorous physical activity was associated with physical function and muscle cross-sectional area. Future studies should test the efficacy of exercise interventions to increase MVPA, reduce sedentary behavior, and increase cardiorespiratory fitness and muscle strength in OC survivors.
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- Preparation and characterization of cockle shell aragonite nanocomposite porous 3D scaffolds for bone repair. [Journal Article]Biochem Biophys Rep 2017; 10:237-251BB
- The demands for applicable tissue-engineered scaffolds that can be used to repair load-bearing segmental bone defects (SBDs) is vital and in increasing demand. In this study, seven different combinations of 3 dimensional (3D) novel nanocomposite porous structured scaffolds were fabricated to rebuild SBDs using an extraordinary blend of cockle shells (CaCo3) nanoparticles (CCN), gelatin, dextran a…
The demands for applicable tissue-engineered scaffolds that can be used to repair load-bearing segmental bone defects (SBDs) is vital and in increasing demand. In this study, seven different combinations of 3 dimensional (3D) novel nanocomposite porous structured scaffolds were fabricated to rebuild SBDs using an extraordinary blend of cockle shells (CaCo3) nanoparticles (CCN), gelatin, dextran and dextrin to structure an ideal bone scaffold with adequate degradation rate using the Freeze Drying Method (FDM) and labeled as 5211, 5400, 6211, 6300, 7101, 7200 and 8100. The micron sized cockle shells powder obtained (75 µm) was made into nanoparticles using mechano-chemical, top-down method of nanoparticles synthesis with the presence of the surfactant BS-12 (dodecyl dimethyl bataine). The phase purity and crystallographic structures, the chemical functionality and the thermal characterization of the scaffolds' powder were recognized using X-Ray Diffractometer (XRD), Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectrophotometer and Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC) respectively. Characterizations of the scaffolds were assessed by Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), Degradation Manner, Water Absorption Test, Swelling Test, Mechanical Test and Porosity Test. Top-down method produced cockle shell nanoparticles having averagely range 37.8±3-55.2±9 nm in size, which were determined using Transmission Electron Microscope (TEM). A mainly aragonite form of calcium carbonate was identified in both XRD and FTIR for all scaffolds, while the melting (Tm) and transition (Tg) temperatures were identified using DSC with the range of Tm 62.4-75.5 °C and of Tg 230.6-232.5 °C. The newly prepared scaffolds were with the following characteristics: (i) good biocompatibility and biodegradability, (ii) appropriate surface chemistry and (iii) highly porous, with interconnected pore network. Engineering analyses showed that scaffold 5211 possessed 3D interconnected homogenous porous structure with a porosity of about 49%, pore sizes ranging from 8.97 to 337 µm, mechanical strength 20.3 MPa, Young's Modulus 271±63 MPa and enzymatic degradation rate 22.7 within 14 days.