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20,035 results
  • The principles of anatomical nomenclature revision: They're more like guidelines anyway. [Journal Article]
    Clin Anat 2019Neumann PE, Gest TR, Tubbs RS
  • Revision of the international standard anatomical terminology is required periodically to add names for new entities, delete archaic terms, and correct errors in existing terms. In addition to a small set of nomenclature rules, three principles have guided revisions: names should not be changed unless they are wrong; corrections of perceived errors should not be pedantic; and inclusion of every m…
  • An updated synopsis of Tanaecium (Bignonieae, Bignoniaceae). [Journal Article]
    PhytoKeys 2019; 132:31-52Frazão A, Lohmann LG
  • Tanaecium Sw. emend L.G. Lohmann (Bignonieae, Bignoniaceae) is a genus of Neotropical lianas that is morphologically variable, especially in floral features. The genus is distributed from Mexico and the Antilles to Argentina, and centered in Amazonia. Here, we present an updated overview for Tanaecium that recognizes 21 species within the genus. Species delimitation was based on a detailed analys…
  • Differentiating Psychosomatic, Somatopsychic, Multisystem Illnesses, and Medical Uncertainty. [Review]
    Healthcare (Basel) 2019; 7(4)Bransfield RC, Friedman KJ
  • There is often difficulty differentiating between psychosomatic, somatopsychic, multisystem illness, and different degrees of medical uncertainty. Uncommon, complex, and multisystem diseases are commonly misdiagnosed. Two case histories are described, and relevant terms differentiating psychosomatic, somatopsychic, and multisystem illnesses are identified, reviewed, and discussed. Adequate differ…
  • Imaging anatomy of the retrotympanum: variants and their surgical implications. [Journal Article]
    Br J Radiol 2019; :20190677Burd C, Pai I, Connor S
  • The retrotympanic anatomy is complex and variable but has received little attention in the radiological literature. With advances in CT technology and the application of cone beam CT to temporal bone imaging, there is now a detailed depiction of the retrotympanic bony structures.With the increasing use of endoscopes in middle ear surgery, it is important for the radiologist to appreciate the nome…
  • Quirks of dye nomenclature. 13. Biebrich scarlet. [Journal Article]
    Biotech Histochem 2019; :1-4Cooksey CJ
  • Biebrich scarlet was the first commercial bis-azo dye when it appeared on the market in 1879 in Biebrich on Rhine, Germany. The dye's early history is recounted here with details of the manufacturing process. The possibility that the dye exists in a keto form rather than an enol form is discussed. Application as a textile dye was soon followed by use as a biological stain and for medical applicat…
  • Unexpected Predictors of Antibiotic Resistance in Housekeeping Genes of Staphylococcus Aureus. [Journal Article]
    ACM BCB 2019; 2019:259-268Prosperi M, Salemi M, … Oliva M
  • Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is currently the most commonly identified antibiotic-resistant pathogen in US hospitals. Resistance to methicillin is carried by SCCmec genetic elements. Multilocus sequence typing (MLST) covers internal fragments of seven housekeeping genes of S. aureus. In conjunction with mec typing, MLST has been used to create an international nomenclature f…
  • Neurodegenerative disorders of the human frontal lobes. [Journal Article]
    Handb Clin Neurol 2019; 163:391-410Butler PM, Chiong W
  • The frontal lobes play an integral role in human socioemotional and cognitive function. Sense of self, moral decisions, empathy, and behavioral monitoring of goal-states all depend on key nodes within frontal cortex. While several neurodegenerative diseases can affect frontal function, frontotemporal dementia (FTD) has particularly serious and specific effects, which thus provide insights into th…
  • Taxonomy of Multiple Rib Fractures: Results of the Chest Wall Injury Society International Consensus Survey. [Journal Article]
    J Trauma Acute Care Surg 2019Frydrych LM, Keeney-Bonthrone TP, … Delano MJ
  • CONCLUSIONS: This consensus exercise has resulted in the creation of a standardized nomenclature for rib fracture classification, which has broad clinical and research applicability. Where consensus has not been reached, a framework for clinical recording has been proposed and further evaluation in clinical studies indicated. This will allow standard reporting of cases within surgical units and standard taxonomy for design, analysis and interpretation of clinical trials.The decreased short-term mortality observed in trauma patients does not appear correlated with decreased long-term mortality. The extent to which increased long-term trauma mortality is related to the initial traumatic insult-versus rising population age and comorbidity burden as well as suboptimal discharge location-requires further study.
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